Paul Rusling did not invent the lies, he merely promoted them as part of his own vanity publication for personal profit.
Rusling's later sources in his 'bible' are many, but it is the first part of his book that we are primarily concerned with, although he also took and used other material from us without our permission. However the first part of his 'bible' is derived from source material that we were examining, and then sharing with him, and several other people, via our 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter.
The trouble began when Paul Rusling tried to use our research to support his own agenda relating to Malcolm Smith's new project. That involves a rusting hulk and a tiny licensed radio station operating in a corner of southeast England which had been given the name of 'Radio Caroline'.
Rusling conceived of an idea to link all uses of the name 'Radio Caroline' from 1964 onwards to a single fictitious thread, and thereby gain thousands of Pounds worth of free media coverage that would parrot the fake idea that 'Caroline continues'. All of this to aid Malcolm Smith's radio project.
In reality, 'Radio Caroline' was given the death sentence on August 14, 1967, and as a result, after a new law came into effect on that date, 'Radio Caroline' was given a death sentence, and what was left of 'Radio Caroline' finally uttered its last gasp in March of the following year. But for all intents and purposes, by then it was already dead as a viable project.
Much of Rusling's source material for the first part of his audaciously titled 'bible' resulted from our own research, and as yet (at that time), unresolved questions which had arisen about the book 'Radio Man'. It took us a long time to find those answers, but we did find them, although Rusling did not know what to do with this new information, and so he stuck to the original mythology as spun by Ian Cowper Ross and, Rusling then tried to assimilate fact into fiction.
It was Ian Cowper Ross who began to fill in details of a mythical story that first appeared in his new book, and then on a supporting BBC-TV program. All of it originated from the mind of Ian Cowper Ross. This is what the cover of his book looks like:
Aside from the trouble that the book 'Radio Man' caused us (before we discovered what its text was concealing), it was 'Rocking the Boat' by Ian Cowper Ross that sent us off on a wild goose chase looking for the true details behind his work of fiction. But because his book is a novel, and because it was intended to mislead by misdirection, there is no true story to be uncovered!
However, Rusling swallowed Ian Cowper Ross' mythology, hook, line and sinker. In fact, it has been quite funny to read over the years various claims about the identity of 'Jimmy Ross' (who never existed.) Some linked him on 'Wikipedia' to Ross Fisheries, and some to the man behind Carphone Warehouse, which all goes to reinforcing the advice that students should never put their trust in anything that they read on Wikipedia!
The reason why 'Wikipedia' is unreliable as a source is demonstrated by the extract we have reproduced above, which is a part of its article about 'Radio Caroline'. If you are on 'Wikipedia' (see extract above) and click on (7) as a point of reference, you will discover that the page it references no longer exists.
If you track down its source via the Internet 'Wayback Machine', as we did, you first find that the people who ran the source site have packed it in, and second you find that what they wrote has nothing to do with Carl Ross! Worse still, if you click on (9) to discover the source of the silly claim that 'Radio Caroline' was named after Caroline Kennedy (which it was not), the source is none other than Malcolm Smith's own web site for his tiny radio venture that he calls 'Radio Caroline'. In other words you are led on another silly trot into nothingness.
'Wikipedia' as a source of information is an unreliable joke at its best, and a dangerous foil for the truth at its worst.
By the time that John Venmore-Rowland was commissioned to write his book about 'Radio Caroline' that was published in 1967, the station was already at death's door, and the author spent as few words as possible explaining where the money to start it had come from. His book also contains some basic errors concerning other matters.
Why it took Ian Cowper Ross until 1990 to publish his book called 'Rocking the Boat', remains somewhat of a mystery, except that it appears to have coincided with a need for Ian Cowper Ross to reinvent himself by using his loose association to 'Radio Caroline' in its early days via a connection to Jocelyn Stevens. However, since he was very much on the fringe of the story he had to rewrite events to make himself into one of the prime movers and shakers of the project.
Because of the connection between Christopher Moore (the club DJ), and Ronan O'Rahilly (who was at the time a stand-in gadfly acting as manager for another club), Ian Cowper Ross had to invent a role for himself by using his father's name. His father had been mentioned in the press as being C.E. Ross, and even then his name came up mainly due to his son seeking self-publicity during the very early days of 'Radio Caroline'.
It was in that scenario where Ian Cowper Ross took the name of a Jimmy who did exist, and applied to a Jimmy who did not exist. The Jimmy who did exist was Jimmy Deterding and he was on the board of directors of Project Atlanta Limited.
So Ian Cowper Ross applied the first name of Jimmy to his own father whose real name was not James, but Charles, in which case he would have been known as Charlie. But Jimmy Deterding's first name is James, and James Deterding was always referred to as Jimmy.
However, in his book, Ian Cowper Ross calls himself Paul Shaw, and he says that he has an older half-brother named Melville. Therefore Paul Shaw's father in this fictitious account has to be a Mr. Shaw who is only referred to as "Daddy" on page one, and not by Ian's father's real name of Charles Edward Ross.
Ian Cowper Ross does use the real location of Hindhead for his make believe family home, but it is not until page 3 that he identifies his first own fictitious name as 'Paul'. So now he is 'Paul Shaw', but we still don't know his father's first name because he keeps referring to his father as "Daddy".
This Paul Shaw then meets Johnny Meadows in a club where Meadows is a DJ. There is some indication that Johnny Meadows is supposed to be a cover name for Christopher Moore who then introduces Paul Shaw to an Irishman named Liam O'Mahoney who is supposed to be a cover name for Ronan O'Rahilly.
In this work of fiction, the three of them go to see Paul Shaw's father who the Irishman has never met before, and who is supposed to be senior in years to O'Mahoney. As unlikely as it seems, O'Mahoney begins to address the senior Mr Shaw with these words: "This is a fantastic set-up you have here, Jimmy. Absolutely fantastic." (See page 11.)
Ian Cowper Ross the author of this work of fiction, then says that O'Mahoney kept calling his father 'Jimmy'. But remember, we only know Paul Shaw's father as "Daddy", so he could be Jimmy Shaw, after all, this is a work of fiction.
To confuse things a little more, Ian Cowper Ross drops in real names of other people, even though he has renamed the motor vessel 'Fredericia' as the steam ship (page 56) 'Anastassia', and 'Radio Caroline' is known as 'Radio Camelot'.
This is where the story of 'Jimmy' bursts onto the scene in 1990, and to make matters worse, in various interviews, Ian Cowper Ross begins to tell everyone that this story is true. Not only that, but Ian Cowper Ross draws attention to the part where O'Mahoney (O'Rahilly), calls his father Jimmy, rather than Mr Ross or even Charles.
But of course this story is not true, it is fiction.
'Jimmy Ross' is a name never used by Ian Cowper Ross, it was dreamed up by the fools who started to write for 'Wikipedia' and then married fact with fiction. Ian Cowper Ross' book seems to have become the first in a deluge of latter-day books which then began to emerge from the printing presses. Each one claimed to be telling its readers the true story of 'Radio Caroline', but to date, not one of them has done so. Every new book in this genre seems to lift mythology cited by other books, and then embellish their texts with even more fiction.
The first make-believe story of 'Jimmy' was launched by the aristocratic mother-in-law of Ian Cowper Ross:
But to know how and why this book is the cause of so much mischief, it is necessary to know who Ian Cowper Ross is, and why he wrote this book in the way that he did. It was not just 'launched' with the string-pulling made possible by Lady Killean, it was also promoted by a BBC-TV program in which an older, and real-to-life Ian Cowper Ross, together with Christopher Moore, and accompanied by cameo appearances from both Jocelyn Stevens and Ronan O'Rahilly, all aimed at creating a totally fake history of 'Radio Caroline'. It seems as if together they put a ribbon around the 'Jimmy Ross' lie and then placed a huge bow on top of it for fools to admire.
The anoraks fell for this story and began to repeat it everywhere and anywhere and as often as the opportunity presented itself. Others commented upon their comments as if they were true, and soon the lie about 'Jimmy Ross' had been chiseled into the minds of a tribe of O'Rahilly worshipping clowns.
Thanks to Paul Alexander Rusling this lie has now been extended, because Rusling embarked upon his own mission to find another source to support the original lie. This is the Hitler doctrine of telling big lies to be believable, whereas small lies get brushed aside. Therefore it is necessary to explain both the original lie as told by Ian Cowper Ross, and that is what we have done in this edition of the Blog.
In fact, if Ian Cowper Ross had just launched his novel and left it at that, then it would stand or fall on its own merits as a story. But Ian Cowper Ross insisted on telling everyone during interviews that it is a true story!
It is not as if Rusling did not know that it was a lie, he did, but what he did not have access to is the information we now have about the motivation behind Ian Cowper Ross' original lie! To discover that information we had to know all about Ian Cowper Ross and his real father. So we investigated all of that and then discovered that his father as portrayed in Ian Cowper Ross' book 'Rocking the Boat', is not just fiction, but it is fiction that has been reinterpreted as fact, by Ian Cowper Ross!
It is ironic that for a long time we thought that the entire 'Jimmy' story was fiction, and so Rusling went out of his way to find another source that would agree with him that the "Jimmy Ross" story was not a fake. However, we knew the back-story about the life of Ian Cowper Ross, but we did not share that with Paul Rusling.
Quite recently we discovered that the missing pieces in the real story about the creation of 'Radio Caroline' in 1964, and that is one reason why we changed the focus of our research when we discovered that a real 'Jimmy' did exist. The real Jimmy is 'Mister Big' in this story, although Jocelyn Stevens said that there was no such person.
As described by Stevens, that is true. But in the true story about the creation of 'Radio Caroline', there is a real 'Mister Big' and his name is James Deterding who was always known as Jimmy who was hidden in plain sight. His name is on the letterhead of Project Atlanta Limited as one of its board of directors. It is also on the letterhead of the combined 'Radio Caroline'!
Ronald James, or R.J. Deterding is the grandson of Sir Henri Deterding, the man who built the Shell Oil conglomerate and then backed Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist agenda. Henri's grandson R. J., or Jimmy, nervously told a U.S. TV show audience that his grandfather had helped the British win World War I, and that as a result of Allied victory, he had been knighted for his services to the British Crown.
But Jimmy would rather excuse his grandfather's adoption of the Nazi cause by glossing over that 'unfortunate phase' in the life of the Shell Oil group of companies where it assisted Adolf Hitler. In one sense, Jimmy Deterding was lucky that his grandfather Sir Henri Deterding died before World War II began. But, even so, when he died he was given a full blown Nazi State funeral with all of the attending honors and glory that the Nazi State could bestow upon his corpse.
Jimmy Deterding had reasons for joining the board of Project Atlanta Limited, after it had been formed, and those reasons had nothing to do with broadcasting. They were affiliated with the same quest for offshore natural gas and oil that Shell was trying to discover. Jimmy Deterding had good reason to keep his head down and out of sight as much as possible. Just think what would have happened if the tabloids had learned of the Nazi and Irish connection to 'Radio Caroline'.
Ireland claimed to have sat out World War II as a neutral State. But if the tabloid press had dug a little deeper, then it is possible that both 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline' could have appeared on page one of a tabloid like the 'Daily Mirror'. It might have been seen by millions of readers draped with a swastika. This would have been a death blow, just as these offshore stations were beginning their offshore life!
There is more to this Nazi story relating to the birth of offshore broadcasting in the Nineteen Sixties than you might have ever imagined, but then why would you imagine such a thing? No one else has ever told you the truth. But we will continue to strip back more of the curtain of lies surrounding the 1964 birth of 'Radio Caroline'.
It will happen right here on this Blog!
Margaret, sister of the present Queen of the United Kingdom and etc., etc.
We now refer to the section marked "2" on Rusling's page 54. This information, like a lot of his data, came from us, and our paid research.
For a time, Paul Alexander Rusling was on our investigation mailing list, and so we shared our knowledge with him. But Rusling had a problem. He was trying write a book that would support the tiny licensed station which has come on the air with the name 'Radio Caroline'.
That tiny radio station has absolutely no connection to the twin stations which were killed off in 1967 by a new British law. This new tiny station is licensed by the British government.
Rusling's problem is that the facts, the true facts in evidence, contradict his own petty thesis, and so he invented a totally misleading account as shown in his own words that appeared in illustration 54(2) on this Blog, yesterday.
First of all there was no connection whatsoever between John Sheffield and Charles Orr Stanley of the Pye Group of companies. Second, Charles Orr Stanley had absolutely no plans to operate a chain of radio stations, but it is true that from the end of World War II, C. O. Stanley had been the driving force behind the creation of licensed British sponsored radio and television stations, and in the early Nineteen Fifties his campaign did lead to a watered down version with the birth of ITA as a rival to BBC. It was not what C. O. Stanley had in mind.
Rather than licensing independent television station companies, the British government licensed a commercial monopoly. That was the Independent Television Authority (ITA), and it brokered off its airtime (ITA owned all of the transmitters), to a number of program and advertising franchises which did not compete geographically with each other.
Beginning around the year 2015, we were introduced to the part played by Charles Orr Stanley in the promotion of British commercial radio broadcasting. Our introduction came within a book called 'Radio Man'. In the years that followed, we and an associate, spent a lot of time trying to untangle the contradictory claims made in that book. We eventually found the answer, thanks to help from this associate who has asked us not to mention his name.
Earlier this year we wrote a detailed account of this saga that began in 2015, and it was recently published in a communications journal. Our article explained the true story behind the text that appeared in the book 'Radio Man'. But it is nothing like the fictitious nonsense published by Rusling in 54(2). We will not reproduce our published text here, because we will save it for the book that will eventually emerge from this Blog.
However, as far as we know, neither Pye nor Charles Orr Stanley nor his son John Stanley, ever invested money in either 'Radio Atlanta', or 'Radio Caroline'. There is absolutely no connection that we know of that links John Sheffield and either of the two Stanleys. Rusling made this up.
All of that leads into 54(3), which appears to have been lifted from the fantasy novel called 'Rocking the Boat' that was written by Ian Cowper Ross as a part of his intention to deceive and mislead, just like Paul Alexander Rusling.
Tomorrow, this expose continues.
It there is one thing that Paul Alexander Rusling is attempting to excel in, it is becoming a star pupil in the school of deceitful propaganda with an agenda that obliterates fact and promotes fiction. "Hail! Hail! Obfuscated ignorance cloaked in the title 'The Radio Caroline bible'!"
Rusling does not mean to imply that his 'bible' is a mere collection of random writings, because one of his chief supporters has claimed that Rusling's book of lies should be in every home, just like the 'Christian Bible'. It is that kind of ridiculous thinking that opened the door for anoraks to hail the now dead Ronan O'Rahilly, who while he was alive, they promoted as a kind of religious 'Loving Awareness' messiah.
What kind of creed was 'L.A.'?
It was one promoting the endless playing of records paid for in the main by preachers of religion. But the anoraks don't want to talk about that, they just want to talk about something called 'free radio', whatever that is. It had nothing to do with making lives better, and after the legal death of the real 'Radio Caroline', it just meant that there were some loners sitting on a rusty tub in the North Sea playing records and scrounging for an income to stay alive. Even those trying to save starving cats do more good than that!
Therefore we are gradually demolishing Rusling's 'bible' by exposing its texts to comparisons with the facts in evidence. By the time we arrive at Rusling's pages 53 and 54 it is clear that he has stolen a lot of our research material, but it is also clear that he does not know how to deal with it. So in typical Rusling form he cobbled his fragments together as part of a continuing fictitious narrative. That is what Rusling had sold to gullible buyers of his 'bible'.
To further illustrate what we mean, we will now focus on more of his textual misinformation which appears upon pages 53 and 54:
1. Rusling prefaces the highlighted section with these words: "....The Princess Margaret .... was apparently one of the driving forces behind the 'escapade' which is how she described Radio Caroline to friends." Now where does Rusling get that idea from? He doesn't say, but he does try to link it to a home movie that Peter Sellers filmed on the grounds of the large house that was occupied by Jocelyn Stevens and his wife.
However, when we claim that is was 'large', it was nothing like the enormous size of the structure that was occupied by Jimmy Deterding at Kelling Hall in Norfolk. That residence was the home of the real "Mister Big" who was behind the creation of both 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline'. It was not Jocelyn Stevens!
Naturally Paul Rusling gets the title of Peter Seller's film wrong!
It was not 'produced' at the Stevens' home. It was filmed there during the Autumn of 1964, and it was then shown by Princess Margaret to her sister Elizabeth during the first half of the following year.
This home movie was filmed to by Peter Sellers using his own camera. Peter Sellers then took his raw footage which was composed of several skits, some featuring Princess Margaret and Lord Snowdon acting out rather silly episodes, and he then produced his finished film.
Peter Sellers gave his home movie the title of: 'I Say, I Say, I Say'. It begins with a hand-drawn title card illustrated by a coat of arms with a radio ship at the top! You can watch the opening and closing portions of his film right here, right now, should you chose to do so:
More tomorrow ....
On page 51 of Rusling's 'bible', he claimed that Jocelyn Stevens was the "founder of 'Queen' magazine", but on his very next page (52), Rusling states that: "Jocelyn's grandfather, Sir Edward Hulton had sold him an old long established fashion magazine called Queen, aimed at the aristocracy."
Aside from the words "old long established" being redundant, the fact of the matter is that "the aristocacy" were reading this magazine for information about members of the exclusive Society in which they were engaging.
Proof of the fact that Paul Rusling has absolutely no idea of the subject matter he is trying to educate others about, is shown above: This publication which began in 1861 during the reign of Queen Victoria, was titled: 'The Ladies’ Newspaper, The Queen and Court Chronicle'. This masthead is from an edition published in 1863, and it gives readers an idea of its primary focal point when defining the word 'Society' within the Nineteen Century reign of Queen Victoria.
This publication did not set out to blab about anyone who thought of themselves to be a cut above the rest, its focal point was The Queen and her Court, which referred to Queen Victoria. This was very prim and proper reporting! The contents of this publication have been described as "an illustrated weekly society magazine established by Samuel Beeton .... originally focused on the proceedings of high society and the British aristocracy."
It was not until 1886 that this newspaper amended its name to reverse the order of its title so that it became 'The Queen, The Lady's Newspaper & Court Chronicle', by which time advertising filled its front page in common practice with many daily newspapers of that time.
By the time of the Christmas Edition for 1912, readers had to turn past the outer wrap-around cover; past the inner masthead of the publication which heralded nineteen pages of advertising, in order to reach the cover of the Christmas edition itself:
You may wonder why we are engaging in this exercise concerning the history of 'Queen' magazine as it became known under the ownership of Jocelyn Stevens. The reason is this:
Not only is Paul Rusling totally out of his depth at playing 'historian', but Ronan O'Rahilly has to be seen in his contextual appearance within the strata's of prejudicial; homophobic; sexist; class-managed British groupings as they were encountered during the early Nineteen Sixties.
Women were exploited; lesbians were male fantasies; male homosexuals did not exist except as effeminate stage characters, but never as sexual human beings, and the hoi polloi were classified by the color of their skin and by their accent as well as their choice of vocal expressions. So to imply that young Ronan O'Rahilly could arrive from Southern Ireland and be accepted in London's financial circles as a credible person, is ridiculous. It is even sillier to suggest that this person could address a man senior in age to him, who he had never met before, by immediately calling Charles Edward Ross "Jimmy". Then, Rusling claims, Ronan O'Rahilly used a 'rabid' approach (with his strong Irish accent) to bamboozle this car salesman into funding 'Radio Caroline', which at that time did not exist. This scenario which is promoted by Rusling is absurd. Rusling did not invent it, he merely picked it up and ran with it.
In 1957, Jocelyn Stevens bought 'The Queen' as it was then known, from his maternal uncle Sir Edward George Warris Hulton who was its latest owner and publisher. Stevens then set about turning 'The Queen' into an alternative Society magazine. The British Newspaper Archive says this is what happened:
".... by the end of the 1950s, the title was shortened to Queen and the content recalibrated to appeal to a younger readership – a significant shift in tone from the paper’s origins. This was at the behest of editor Beatrix Miller, who had climbed through the ranks after beginning her career at the magazine as a secretary. Miller supposedly had a very specific image of ‘Caroline’, the ideal reader, and provided a copy of a new style guide to every contributing writer so that they had a clear idea of who they were writing for."
Jocelyn Stevens' motivation he said, was the failure of the Tory Establishment to pull-off the Suez invasion with the French and Israel. So he tuned into a rebel within the Establishment which was built around the Queen's sister Margaret. Jocelyn Stevens' step-brother was Sir Blair Stewart-Wilson, who as a military man, provided assistance to Queen Elizabeth II. Jocelyn Stevens step-sister was married to the former Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Office and she was alsp a Lady-in-Waiting to the Queen Mother. So Jocelyn Stevens had a lot of connections within the British Establishment. He was not an outsider, he was one of "them", but he was also an insider causing trouble, just like his friend Princess Margaret.
The year before he bought 'The Queen' magazine, Jocelyn married Jane Armyne Sheffield, daughter of John Sheffield, the controlling voice at Norcros. Now what Rusling has tried to do is link John Sheffield to Jocelyn Stevens via Charles Edward Ross, who Rusling calls 'Jimmy', in order to create a mythological source of funding for 'Radio Caroline'.
But as we have explained, Charlie Ross, who his son Ian never talks about, except in the context of this fanciful story as amplified by Rusling, is the person Rusling identifies as 'Jimmy', and 'Jimmy' is central to Rusling's story. However, for obvious reasons Charles Edward Ross would not have been called 'Jimmy', he would have been known as Charlie.
The question is why would someone invent such a silly story? The answer seems to be that a quick explanation needed to be found in order to re-identify Jimmy in order to hide the real Jimmy who did exist. It became necessary to obscure from view this real person called Jimmy by blurring his true identity. This became necessary when Jimmy Deterding joined the board of Project Atlanta Limited, because it was from that company that 'Radio Caroline' emerged. But in the scheme of things at the time, it was decided to create a totally fictitious originating company behind the creation of 'Radio Caroline', and the tale-spinners got away with it, for a time. For a long time, until we came along!
The problem arose when journalists and government officials tried to figure out who was behind 'Radio Caroline', because no one had actually created a company beyond referencing a name. Consequently that company which didn't exist, began to cause headaches. Since Jimmy Deterding was on the board of directors of Project Atlanta which did exist and from which 'Radio Caroline' did emerge, a scheme was invented to stage a 'merger' of 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline'. But how could they merge one company with a non-existent company? They couldn't, so they did the next best thing and they got away with it. Until now.
Both 'Radio Atlanta' and 'Radio Caroline' had their own public relations firms, and they were entities hired for that purpose. So the two PR firms put out a joint press release to say that 'Radio Atlanta' would become 'Radio Caroline South', and the original 'Radio Caroline' would become 'Radio Caroline North'. The south ship would stay off Essex, and the north ship would sail for an anchorage off Ramsay, Isle of Man, but they would operate as before, only now they would share a common sales operation, but not a common ownership. That is where the deception began which led everyone on a wild goose chase to find the 'Radio Caroline' company that never existed!
That solution sounded good, but again, no one bothered to register this new joint sales operation as a British company, even though it was doing business in the United Kingdom. One reason is that there was no need to do so. There was no new sales operation in the United Kingdom. It was the original sales operation represented by Project Atlanta Limited, and it even used that company's 'Palairwave' telex address. A separate sales company was registered during February 1964 in the Republic of Ireland, but actual control of the two Caroline stations remained in London.
Another question could have arisen as to why was this charade necessary? Why didn't both ships go to their appointed locations to begin with? We will have a lot more to say about that in future editions because the answer is related to knowing more about Jimmy Deterding.
Jocelyn Stevens provided a sense of legitimacy to 'Radio Caroline' in a way that young Ronan O'Rahilly could never do. Here is a screenshot from the May 2, 1964 Granada TV show 'World in Action' that was filmed in Jocelyn Stevens' tiny advertising office. It shows Ian Cowper Ross; Jocelyn Stevens; Ronan O'Rahilly and Christopher Moore.
When this was filmed before being shown on television in the May 2, 1964 Granada TV schedule by the Independent Television Authority, 'Radio Caroline' was already on the air, but 'Radio Atlanta' had not signed on. This is where the 'cover-story' about two separate projects was 'sold' to journalists, and that is when Jocelyn Stevens had to step up to provide an air of legitimacy that Ronan O'Rahilly could never conjure up.
O'Rahilly's job, with the help of Ross, was to tell the press about a fake 1-2-3 chain of events that began in a club with DJ Chris Moore, who introduced Ian Ross to Ronan O'Rahilly, so that Ian Ross could introduce Ronan O'Rahilly to Ian Ross' father named Charles, who O'Rahilly then called 'Jimmy'.
In this mythical tale, 'Jimmy Ross' then contacted either Jocelyn Stevens, or John Sheffield (it depends upon who is repeating this tale and when they repeated it as to who came second in line), and then the three of them funded 'Radio Caroline'. But on Granada TV, Jocelyn Stevens found it necessary to block further enquiries as to whether there was a "Mister Big" behind the entire operation: Jocelyn Stevens claimed that "Mister Big" did not exist.
Jocelyn Stevens also found it necessary to financially expose himself to the press as being the primary mover and shaker behind the venture. Not a 'Jimmy Ross'; nor John Sheffield, but Jocelyn Stevens, so the press never interviewed the bogus 'Jimmy Ross' or the very real John Sheffield in order to gain details about the story behind the story. It seems that the press investigative journalists were easy to dispose of, or they were instructed by their employers to leave this subject alone. As you will discover, this is not a story about a small amount of advertising from offshore radio stations, but something far more complex and potentially involving huge sums of money. The representative of that hidden story is Jimmy Deterding.
This story has remained hidden from view and obfuscated by vanity publishers such as Paul Alexander Rusling. But the time has now come to blow the lid off the real story about 'Radio Caroline', because it is not just a story about 'Radio Caroline', but a story that impacts the lives of millions of people alive today who have never heard of 'Radio Caroline'.
The licensed station called 'Radio Caroline' that is on the air now has absolutely no relationship to the offshore station that came on the air in 1964 and was legally terminated in 1967, never to return. Unfortunately 'The Radio Caroline bible' is telling its readers a totally fictitious tale while pretending to tell readers that they are being told a true account. The bottom line is that all those who are claiming some form of continuity are dealing in deceit in order to line their own pockets and bolster their own vanity.
This has to be stopped.
Our unique and exclusive revelations will continue here on tomorrow's Blog.
Paul Rusling's ludicrous 'bible' sets forth a chain of events aimed at gullible believers, because it is a chain of events that just didn't happen. Paul did not make them up, he was merely the latest bagman in a line of bagmen (see the publishing motif above), and he merely repeated tales of previous mythology which he then stamped with his own imprimatur of make believe.
Rusling had one goal in mind, and that was, and still is (until he stops selling his 'bible'), to promote his own vanity press publications in order to milk as much as he can from the pockets of an aging population of radio anoraks. Therefore, it is our duty as honest investigative journalists to once and for all time smash this chain of mythology, and try our best to prevent it from being perpetrated by someone else. Or, if someone is foolhardy and callous enough to try it, then at least potential buyers should be able to find this exposé, and after reading it, save themselves some money!
By the way, if you spot a typo in our texts, please let us know since this is a public service in the public interest which costs you nothing. We thank the person who told us about the previously missing 'r' in the word stockbroker. We made the correction.
Since this work is being read in the USA, we also need to point out that we use a lot of American English spelling, and because the U.S. Constitution forbids the U.S. government from imposing religious denominational terminology upon its citizens via legal documents, we avoid that kind of terminology. This includes identifying first names as "Christian names". Similarly, we do not refer to ships as "she", and neither do we claim that they have been "Christened" with a name. We find that kind of terminology to be both sexist and cultish. There is nothing inherently feminine or religious about a ship, and since all human beings are born the same way, it is clear that every one of them is born free from any form of religious pre-birth mind programing.
We added those notes because the person who drew our attention to the missing 'r', seemed to think that this work should comply with aspects of the Christian religion. We do not consciously do so. However, we do comply with a code of ethics that forbids spreading of lies and or using false pretenses to steal from gullible people. Those are two reasons why we make this exposé available to you - free of charge!
So with that out of the way, let us return to our analysis of pages 52 to 54 that appear in the 'bible' published by Paul Alexander Rusling:
This is where the story that appears in 'The Radio Caroline Bible' is revealed to be totally without foundation in fact, in other words it is totally untrue. However, by using the analogy of the 'Christian Bible', one of Mr. Rusling's supporters has told all persons interested in offshore radio that they need to buy a copy of Paul Rusling's book. But since his book contains a foundational story that is totally untrue and even dedicated to a lie, then the religious analogy in the cause of stimulating sales, would seem to backfire on promoters of the 'Christian Bible'. We would like to see the publisher of 'The Radio Caroline bible' offer an apology to all readers and offer his buyers a full refund.
On page 52, Mr Rusling has written: "..... Jocelyn Stevens and another friend of Charles Ross, John Sheffield, assembled a group of prospective shareholders."
The problem with that statement which is not founded in any factual reference, is that it implies that Jocelyn Stevens and Charles Ross were friends, and that together they were also friends with John Sheffield. But there is nothing to support that idea of friendship, or that the three of them "assembled a group of prospective shareholders."
That is plain fiction at its worst, because it is not a novel to entertain, but a volume claiming to be factual truth. It is not.
First of all, Jocelyn Stevens was a publisher moving within his own circle, and Charles Edward Ross was a car salesman moving within his own circle. John Sheffield was the boss of Charles Edward Ross, not his friend, although it is possible that the three of them came to know each other on friendly terms.
Second, the idea that these three "assembled a group of prospective shareholders" implies that they had some common commercial cause for which they needed to raise money, but unless that common cause was unrelated to 'Radio Caroline', they had no need to raise money from "prospective shareholders". That statement in itself implies that a company existed which was offering its shares for sale to "prospective shareholders" so that they could invest in 'Radio Caroline'.
What company was that?
There was NO such company as the one described.
There was no new company dedicated to the creation of 'Radio Caroline', because its backing company already existed. It was called Project Atlanta Limited and after its formation in August 1963, Jimmy Deterding joined a number of directors to form its blue-ribbon management board. Later, they would also be joined by a World War II hero who was identified by his senior rank in the Royal Air Force.
So what was the name of this company that didn't exist, which Paul Rusling invented?
He doesn't say.
Later he refers to an Irish sales company formed in February 1964, and he tried to marry by implication, one event which did not happen, to one that did! There was NO company called 'Radio Caroline' which sold shares to put that station on the air, because 'Radio Caroline' was a spin-off from Project Atlanta Limited.
But now that Rusling has introduced John Sheffield, we need to further consider what he says about him, because it is more of the same garbled fact, mixed with fiction.
Paul Rusling provides this slab of text because he wants readers to believe that he is well-versed when it comes to John Sheffield and Norcros and its relationship to Charles Edward Ross and Jensen Cars of Birmingham. In fact he has to invent a bogus connection that does not exist in reality. Note that he calls "Charlie" Ross, "Jimmy" Ross. This is inserted to create bogus links within his bogus story!
Charles Edward Ross lived on a former farm at Hindhead which had been sub-divided, and his employment was tied to London area sales for Jensen, the financially troubled Birmingham car company. The owners of that company did not like Sheffield, but for a time they were drawn to him because they were desperate for funding.
Sheffield's Norcros group of companies bought them out and kept them on as managers. A similar event had taken place with Continental Electronics when it was bought out by James Ling and it eventually became a part of his LTV group of aircraft-electronics companies. But Norcros was a tiny imitation by comparison. Unfortunately for Jensen Cars, their fortunes did not improve under Norcros and they were dumped by Norcros, eventually to be broken-up and to go out of business under the original owners.
As we have previously shown on this Blog, Charles Edward Ross seems to have had a drink-while-driving problem, and that landed him in court. We also found a news clipping which implies that he died intestate, and that implies that he was broke! His son Ian never mentions his father, but he has a lot to say about the wealthy Establishment family that he married into.
The reason for pointing all this out in context of pages 52-53 of Rusling's book, is to show that what Rusling is claiming is sheer bunk. Rubbish. Nonsense. Tripe. Balderdash.
Forget this Rusling idea of a trio composed of Ross, Stevens and Sheffield, it did not happen. But, there was a relationship between Sheffield and Stevens, because Stevens did marry Sheffield's daughter, but the circle that Stevens moved in, was not the Sheffield circle and it certainly had nothing to do with Charles Edward Ross.
Tomorrow, we will show you part of the Stevens' social circle, and we will continue to extrapolate truth from nonsense on pages 52 to 54 of Rusling's work.
If you examine previous editions of this Blog, you will discover that we have previously reported a lot more about Charles Edward Ross and his youngest son Ian. But on today's Blog we will explode the mythological storyline (as repeatedly told), that puts Ian Cowper Ross together with Christopher Moore and Ronan O'Rahilly in the home of Charles and Phyllis at Hindhead. That is when and where they supposedly asked for money to start 'Radio Caroline'. But as we have also repeatedly shown, that just did not happen.
Since the latest dumping of nonsense on the public took place at the hands Paul Alexander Rusling (who did so to dupe his gullible audience into buying his vanity publication), we will use it as the example here. It is not as if Paul Alexander Rusling did not know better: he did.
In fact Paul Alexander Rusling paid two personal visits to our satellite library base in Falkirk, Scotland in order to discuss the history of 'Radio Caroline' - without explaining his ulterior motives in doing so. In protest, after being exposed, he sent us a string of emails in which he attempted to justify his actions.
Well now his escapade is blowing up in his face, because we will explain in detail that what Paul Alexander Rusling wrote, is sheer rubbish. We conclude from his own words to us, that he published his rubbish to swindle his gullible audience, and those buyers should now be demanding a refund having been sold a book under false pretenses!
In the Index to 'The Radio Caroline Bible', Rusling has listed two pages relating to "Ross, Charles", and this is what Paul Alexander Rusling has written:
On page 51 in his second paragraph Rusling states that Charles Edward Ross: "had done well in the City of London; while never wearing the traditional bowler hat, nor being a member of the Establishment, he did mix with lots of stockbrokers and money people." But the facts show that Charles Edward Ross was not a stockbroker - but a car salesman for the Birmingham-based Jensen car company!
In his fourth paragraph on this same page, Rusling states that: "While Ross senior's Christian name was Charles, many of his close friends and colleagues knew him simply as 'Jimmy'." That sentence is just plain silly on several counts:
1) There is nothing that we know of that defines the religion of Charles Edward Ross. In the USA first names are referred to as 'first names'!
2) Rusling wrote that his first name "WAS" Charles. Is Rusling implying that Charles changed his first name? We know of nothing to support such an idea!
3) Rusling claims that for some hitherto inexplicable reason, a person named Charles is not called Charlie, but Jimmy by his friends!
However, we know and you also now know why it was necessary to invent a story about 'Jimmy': It was to redirect attention away from Jimmy Deterding, the grandson of the founder of Royal Dutch Shell and on the board of directors of Project Atlanta Limited.
Project Atlanta Limited was the company behind the creation of 'Radio Caroline', and Jimmy Deterding was on its board of directors in order to protect other financial interests that he had. They were connected to contemporary developments at Bacton, which at the time was located just down the coast from Jimmy Deterding's palatial Norfolk estate near Holt.
There was only one primary operating company behind 'Radio Caroline' and that company was Project Atlanta Limited!
Rusling, on his page 51 continues in paragraph five with more nonsense: "The near rabid enthusiasm of Ian and Ronan encouraged Ross Senior to make a few phone calls that night. One was to his pal Jocelyn Stevens, the founder of Queen magazine, who was a wealthy and well-connected media baron."
While Ronan O'Rahilly could be equated with a rabid dog, there is nothing to suggest that car salesman Charles Edward Ross even knew Jocelyn Stevens.
Furthermore, Jocelyn Stevens was not "the founder of Queen magazine"!
Rusling tosses out words without giving thought to their definitive meanings.
Stevens bought 'Queen' magazine from a previous publisher, but the magazine itself began publication back in 1861 during the reign of Queen Victoria. Jocelyn Stevens was born in the year 1932, and by then, 'Queen' magazine had already published in many editions.
While Jocelyn Stevens did own a small group of publications, he was not a "media baron" which is defined as being a person of the caliber of a Hearst; Beaverbrook or Murdoch. Jocelyn Stevens had assembled a trade newspaper and a few specialty magazines under his control. His company did not even have the capacity to print what he was publishing!
This mythology, or cocoon of interlocking lies spun by Rusling, does not stop on his page 51, they continue in the same vein through to the end of his Chapter 4 on page 57, which brings in a variety of individuals, and they also need to be untangled from his garbled mess.
Tomorrow we will continue these revelations by exposing the insanity of the Caroline cult that has been fostered by Rusling's 'bible'.
We have already introduced you to James Deterding who was always called 'Jimmy' by his friends. We explained that he is the grandson of Sir Henri Deterding, founder of the Royal Dutch Shell group of companies, and that his grandfather was given a Nazi State funeral for his contribution to the Nazi Party under the leadership of Führer Adolf Hitler.
We will return to the story of Jimmy Deterding in future editions of this Blog. But now we want to tell you all about a man never called Jimmy, although the writers of fake stories about the creation of 'Radio Caroline' want you to believe that he was. They want you to believe this lie because it supports their bigger lie that this non-Jimmy was the man who made the birth of 'Radio Caroline' possible, even if he wasn't. We will prove that he wasn't called Jimmy, and that he was not the man who got the financing for 'Radio Caroline'.
Misdirection began early on in the mythological telling of a tale about 'Radio Caroline'.
It began shortly after 'Radio Caroline' came on the air in 1964 when it was suggested that it owed its financial birth to a man with the initials "C. E.".
The surname of that man is Ross.
It was then suggested that Mr. C. E. Ross had an association with the father-in-law of Jocelyn Stevens, and the name of that man is John Sheffield. We will tell you more about both Jocelyn Stevens and John Sheffield tomorrow.
However, before you get lost in this untangling of a deliberately tangled tale, we will remind you that the main character is a Mr. C. E. Ross. His initials represent the names Charles Edward. So we are talking about a Charles Edward Ross. Friends may have called him Charlie, or even Eddie. They would not have called him 'Jimmy' which is a nickname for someone named James, as in James Deterding.
We mention all of this because Paul Alexander Rusling and a host of other vanity publishers, have all repeated the nonsense lie that Charles Edward Ross did not object to being called 'Jimmy' by a young Irishman who was less than half of the age of Mr. Ross, and who Mr. Ross had met for the very first time. This is one of the initial points of unbelievability in the mythology surrounding the creation of 'Radio Caroline'. We call them lies and their most recent promotion as lies has been at the hand of Paul Alexander Rusling.
In 1964, Charles Edward Ross lived in a leased house at Hindhead, which is a village centered ten and a half miles southwest of Guildford, and that is the county town of Surrey on its border with the county of Hampshire. The Surrey town of Haslemere is located two miles southeast of the village of Hindhead.
The house that Charles Edward Ross lived in was located on what had recently been a farm in Hindhead. The farm was auctioned off in the Nineteen Fifties and was situated in Reynards Wood, which is located off a small hill to the western side of a bend in Woolmer Road. Letters addressed to residents in the vicinity of Reynards Wood used Haslemere as their postal address.
The farm that was auctioned off by its owner, and the house that Charles Edward Ross lived in, had been built on part of that former agricultural property. The house was arrived at by a small private road blocked by a gated entrance which gained the name of 'Reynardswood'.
Charles Edward was married to Phyllis, a lady who came from Haslemere. Charles had been born in New Zealand, and his entrepreneurial parents owned a business. Charles and Phyllis had two sons; their youngest was named Ian Cowper Ross, with a middle name inserted to preserve connections with family roots in New Zealand.
Before relocation to Hindhead, Ian was born in London. He had been sent to the same public school at Repton previously attended by his older brother, although Ian, by his own admission, was not a successful pupil.
At age 18, on November 3, 1961, Ian found himself in Derby County Magistrates Court where he was pronounced "guilty of driving in a manner dangerous to the public". Ian had caused an accident to occur at Willington, Derbyshire. He was fined £50 and disqualified from driving for a year.
In court, Ian faced the judge on crutches, which he explained was "the result of a broken leg he received in the accident". He also gained the nickname of 'Flipper' from his mangled foot that was barely saved from amputation. Many years later in California, in a partnership business, the name 'Flipper' was emblazoned in light above a roller disco, implying that Ian had come to both accept and even promote his nickname.
Back in 1961, in court, Ian told the judge that he had been "to visit his old school at Repton" when the Jensen car he was driving, crashed head-on into a bus. It might be deemed needless to say, but Ian was driving on the wrong side of the road when he caused £4000 damage to the Jensen sports car which hit the bus. This was not his first road accident. He also managed to wreck a classic motorbike during another road excursion. Eighteen years old and for all intents and purposes unemployed, Ian got hold of the Jensen car from his father who was a director of a Birmingham-based factory that made Jensen cars, and for whom Charles Edward Ross acted as a salesman.
Ian, as the second son of Charles and Phyllis was not exactly an asset to his father or mother, other than being a fact of life as their biological offspring. But Ian grew up, he began to believe that he had some sort of entitlement to a life of riches that did not involve achievement via work. Over time Ian evolved a plan to marry into both the British Establishment, and into wealth, while having fun and frivolity at the expense of other people.
Ian's 'ticket' to the 'good life', was to be a young model who added sex and glamor to Ian's daydream, but which he planned to turn into a reality. This is where the germ of an idea that matured into a psuedo roman-a-clef story about the fake origins of 'Radio Caroline' sprang from.
We will tell you more tomorrow.
Mike Wilson has an interesting site called 'Conversation Central' - which is linked in this sentence, or you can reach it by the link above in our drop-down 'About' selection.
A lot of the issues that we are running into get bathed in philosophical; religious and political discussions when it comes to Planetary resources, and who 'owns' them. Of course no human being 'owns' anything because every human being will die.
It's the bit that comes before death and after birth that causes the problems.
This Planet has enough raw materials to take care of all of the needs of all of the human beings presently alive. But unfortunately, since time immemorial this Planet has been populated by some human beings who live by the slogan 'Might Make Right', or "what's mine is mine, and what's yours is also mine." That may be followed by the question of: "what are you going to do about it"?
The answer of course is not much, unless you think you have greater "might" than your opponent. Put into the context of nations, that means war.
So what is the answer?
The Planet has one solution: death. Kill off the human beings causing trouble to other human beings. Unfortunately the Planet is indiscriminate in its killing. It kills everyone.
Although this Planet has enough raw materials for everyone to live very well, the problem is the greed that comes from hoarding by some individuals at the expense of the majority.
Thinking about that gave rise to the idea of communism, but to make that work is to fail at trying to make that work. It won't work. Then there is the idea of some sort of elected democracy that imposes social behavior, again by force if necessary, on the masses. That is not exactly a peaceful way to live, either. The problem with capitalism is when it gets twisted into something else when one capitalist buys out, or sabotages another capitalist, and thus another reign of 'fat cats' is begun.
Might make right is not a fact to be endorsed. Might make fact is something to be resisted. But given the present structure of human life on this Planet, might make right was, and will remain the way that humanity lives on this Planet.
Everything else that is living on this Planet also lives by that creed: plants, animals, you name it. So the solution provided by this Planet is: 'Death to all'.
Death is a wonderful thing, isn't it?
Even the mightiest dictator and thug dies within the same time frame as everyone else, and no dictator, no thug, no matter how mighty, can take his/her ill-gained spoils beyond their own human life. Unfortunately, some try to do just that. Just look at those pyramids!
Then there is education.
Might make right is there as well.
Now "social media giants" have got into that act: Say or write the wrong thing and your future messages will be killed-off before they even appear.
In the meantime, the Internet, as young as it is, still functions, and regardless of the trolls out there who don't appreciate their mythology being debunked, that is exactly what we intend to keep on doing!
If you have a comment, you know where to go: 'Conversation Central'.
It is not for a shortage of books, magazine articles, newspaper stories and both radio and television programs as well as movies, that questions about the real origins of Radio Caroline have remained hidden for so long.
All of the other primary offshore broadcasting stations of the Sixties were headed by operations with registered offices at identifiable addresses. But not Radio Caroline. In fact, it seemed to the interested observer that there was no managing company. 'Caroline Sales' existed in name only, but in 1964 it did not exist as a company, even though spokesmen claimed in the press that it did.
Radio Caroline had an impressive address, but as government inspectors from the British Board of Trade soon discovered, although there were a plethora of activities taking place at that address, none of them seemed to be running a business that was popularly known as 'Radio Caroline'.
However, Radio Caroline did have a parent company, and that was Project Atlanta Limited at 47 Dean Street; not at 6 Chesterfield Gardens which had been rebranded as 'Caroline House'.
But when Project Atlanta Limited was focused upon, it seemed to be the parent company of a short-lived station called 'Radio Atlanta' which soon became 'Radio Caroline South', and when it did, a press release indicated that it would continue to be run by Project Atlanta Limited. But as for the original 'Radio Caroline', well it had a separate public relations firm, but seemingly it lacked an actual company behind it.
At least, that is the way it appears in all those books and articles which focused upon an Irish gadfly who misdirected everyone with lies and deception. The company behind 'Radio Caroline' was Project Atlanta Limited, but the strength of that company was not in its chairman, nor its managing director. They were titles representing two men who were fronting for a blue-ribbon board of directors and one man in particular: Jimmy Deterding.
The mythmakers all claimed that Project Atlanta Limited ran out of money and so its managing director resigned and its chairman then ran-off to engage in a foolhardy exercise in trying to grab control of another offshore station called 'Radio City'. That venture created more misinformation and misdirection when the owner of 'Radio City' was shot dead in his home by the chairman of Project Atlanta Limited.
Meanwhile, other offshore broadcasting ventures attracted a lot of attention of their own, and three of the noisiest came from Texas and were promoted by Don Pierson. But he had no knowledge about the origins of 'Radio Caroline', he only knew what the news media was pumping out, and this caused him to make a lot of errors in judgment with those three stations.
At the time, one man named Jocelyn Stevens who was well connected within British Establishment circles, seemed to be the person that the young Irish gadfly was fronting for. But Jocelyn Stevens was not 'Mister Big', who Jocelyn Stevens went on television to claim that such a person did not exist. But he did exist, very quietly within his vast Norfolk estate. His name is Jimmy Deterding and he is the grandson of Sir Henri Deterding who founded the Shell consortium of companies.
It had been known since at least the days of World War II when Sir Winston Churchill imported a team of Texans to explore for, and then pump out oil from onshore wells in England, that those wells went into fields that extended offshore. Vast amounts of natural gas were also discovered and then pumped from onshore wells in Holland, and again, it was known that those fields also extended out into the North Sea.
But even as the Sixties dawned, the technology to retrieve natural gas and oil from the North Sea was in its infancy, and again all eyes drifted across the Atlantic Ocean to Texas to see what could be achieved. Jimmy Deterding lived 'just down the road' from Bacton in Norfolk where the story of North Sea natural gas and oil exploration would come alive.
However, in those days the interest in retrieving those resources was not only outpacing technology, but it was also outpacing laws which could guarantee ownership. Everyone knew that vast sums of money would be involved in the initial exploration phases alone, and that knowledge translated into a potential Wild West type of environment. The stakes were as high or higher than those previously driven to claim gold, or just land itself.
But this land was under the water, and since it was beyond the territorial waters of various nations bordering the North Sea, it raised questions about legal ownership, and they were questions that at first could not be answered. It was not so much a question about rival prospectors, but about rival governments. What would they do?
So while all eyes were on the Irishman and disc jockeys, the big story involving billions of Dollars worth of potential profits, was being discussed in Houston, Texas, and in subsidiary offices within London. None of them had anything to do with offshore radio or television broadcasting.
Jimmy Deterding was their man on the spot, because 'Radio Caroline', like REM Island, served more than one purpose. To listeners and viewers they were broadcasting stations, but to the people behind the scenes, the Caroline ship and REM Island were means to test the legal waters of their intended claims to ownership of North Sea natural gas and oil fields.
No one has ever explained any of this before, but you are now reading it free of charge as a public service in the public interest. Yes, at least one book will follow in the wake of this Blog that will put this entire story together in context of both the times and the people who lived through the Sixties, and who were 'there' at the birth of this enormous offshore industry in the North Sea.
Some object to the way in which we are repeating our storyline and delivering it to you in "dribs and drabs" (to quote our detractors) - even though those complaining are getting the true story - at last and free of charge!
This research has cost a LOT of money, and guess who has paid for it? The answer is the team that is providing the true story to you - free of charge!
It has taken us a long time to find the common denominator in this story, and that common denominator is the discovery and exploitation of North Sea natural gas and oil. It is not just a British story, in fact, the story begins with Texas, and while it has links to drilling in the British Isles during World War II, the story was revived after WWII inside Holland, and this brings us to the story of the Dutch offshore radio and television stations on REM Island.
But again, just like the misdirection deliberately sown to mislead everyone about the true origins of 'Radio Caroline', the real story behind REM Island is not to be found by following the people behind the broadcasting ventures on REM Island, but the people who created REM Island itself!
We will be unveiling that hitherto unknown story as this Blog progresses.
Click above: All human beings are freeborn, but false recitals of the past opens the door to the false idea that some human beings are born superior to other human beings, and the result is human enslavement.
From our bookshelf: a horrific and hidden story that exposes the British Crown (that created the GPO back in the year 1660 to censor communication), which enslaved White people in order to settle their colonies! They were the Crown's blueprint to also turn Black people into slaves!
Watch video interview with the authors.
More from our research library shelves: Here is a book you should read because it exposes acts by the Royal Family of Belgium, to the horrors of slavery in Africa. It is exposed in part by one of the early leaders who tried to liberate Ireland from the slavery imposed on Ireland by the British Crown!
King Leopold III of Belgium also has links to the work of
Herbert W. Armstrong regarding his financing of British offshore radio: This will also be exposed
FREE OF CHARGE
within updates of our continuing serial Blog!
Click for our previous academic series.
Click for our earlier research into the financial backing of the UK offshore radio stations of the 1960s.
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