It is possible to write a new chapter just to correct the bucket-loads of baloney created at every turn of a Rusling page, and the beginning of his Chapter 2 on his page 13 (softback) is no exception to that opportunity.
There are so many mistakes in Rusling's 'bible' that to correct them all would result in a book that is longer in length than Rusling's original volume. Therefore my Review has to zero-in on the more problematical parts of his writings, which translated into practical terms means those parts that are so misleading that they cry-out for attention.
The title of his Chapter 2 is 'Commercial Radio Arrives', and in its opening paragraph Rusling begins by misleading his readers about Captain Leonard Plugge and his broadcasting company. It seems that in the first mention of this entity that Rusling is too lazy to bother to look up its name, and so he opts for what he thinks are its initials.
But either Rusling's eyesight, or his hearing, or his memory is not very good, because by whatever means he thinks that his mind obtained the name of Plugge's operation; either his senses, or his memory, or both, were not functioning properly. Consequently his readers are told by Rusling that Plugge formed a company that was simply called "IBS".
The problem is that it wasn't: it was the 'International Broadcasting Company' or 'IBC'.
However, in order to explain why Leonard Plugge set out to create a rival to the British Broadcasting Corporation, which emerged in 1927 from the wreckage of 1926 that was caused by the GPO to its predecessor the British Broadcasting Company Limited, it is necessary to refer back to the powers of the GPO once again. The original BBC company was formed in 1922 by mandate of GPO who also opened the door to the hiring of its managing director John Reith.
Now in order to explain why Leonard Plugge saw an opportunity to set himself up as a counterweight to John Reith, we have to explain more than just the passing reference given by Rusling at the bottom of his preceding page 12.
However, back in 2004, Gilder and Hagger had written an article titled: 'John Reith and the Feudal Values of British Broadcasting in a Modern Age.' It was published by the 'University of Bucharest Review', (issue: 01 / 2006 and pages 135 to 142), to which Rusling has had access.
The academic research work of Gilder and Hagger has been cumulative, meaning that questions they asked were answered by more questions. Since everything that the team of Gilder, Hagger and Baskir has been transparent, they even created a site explaining their methodology and its resulting series of endless questions which you can still read at http://yesterversity.com/YesterVersity-5.html
It begins with this headline: "More answers result in more questions", and it begins with this quotation: "We never stop investigating ... Every question we answer leads on to another question." Those are the words of Desmond Morris found in his 1967 best-seller, 'The Naked Ape'. All of this is part of a project called 'YesterStudies' beginning at http://yesterversity.com/
This process of cumulative writing has not come without problems, because it has become a delaying factor which has prevented the completion of a volume called 'Yesterday Never Happened: Dial 999 for Caroline'. However, as previously noted, a promotional video was created and it has been available for some time Online at http://radiocaroline.info
Therefore the information that Gilder, Hagger and Baskir had in 2004 about the GPO; BBC and John Reith that was published in 2006, has been superseded by their own writings in a series of documents that began in 2001 with a publication called 'London: My Hometown' (Gilder); and which have continued to this day.
Part of that research process involved publishing an email newsletter called 'Caroline Investigation', and one of its recipients was Paul Rusling. Another outlet was on 'Facebook' which also hosts a 'Caroline Investigation' page, but both the newsletter and 'Facebook' pages became dormant when others such as Brian Lister and now Paul Rusling began to use copyrighted research material by Gilder, Hagger and Baskir, as a means of disseminating their own distorted self-promoting plagiarized works for their own commercial purposes.
In their 2004 article (published in 2006), and beginning on page 136, we read that: "After Reith migrated to England, he answered an advertisement seeking a general manager for the British Broadcasting Company, Ltd. In 1922 this enterprise had been forced into existence by the British General Post Office (GPO) in order to create a commercial monopoly."
Moving on we read that: "While the GPO was under the control of Parliament, it owed its point of origination to powers delegated to it by the institution responsible for the Royal Mail that had been created under a Royal Prerogative." The next section which is described by the authors as a "murky chain" was clarified by one of their later works that was accepted for publication on September 8, 2015, by Hypercultura (ISSN 2285-2115) and titled 'The British Interregnum: a yesterday that never happened.'
In their monograph 'John Reith and the Feudal Values of British Broadcasting in a Modern Age', Gilder and Hagger wrote: "Beginning in 1869, Parliament began to reach back in time to build upon a convoluted series of existing laws that gave the General Post Office authority over the sending and receiving of written and printed correspondence. In that year GPO authority was extended to wired communication by telegraph and in 1904, it was further extended by an Act of Parliament to incorporate wireless telegraphy."
These monographs have always been very exact and precise and this one was no exception because it included the following descriptive application of the Wireless Telegraphy Act to mean that: "no person shall establish a wireless telegraph station; build a wireless telegraph station, install equipment at a wireless telegraph station or use equipment at a wireless telegraph station for the purpose of sending or receiving a signal for wireless telegraphy, without first obtaining a license from the Postmaster General."
This same article about Reith continues with these words: "The feudal historical theory behind these Acts is that the method of transmittal of information is not at issue; the transmission of information by any means is, being the domain of the Post Office and ultimately the Crown. At one time, this included the licensing of the printers and publishers of books and newspapers.
That monopoly originally enforced copyright control with the right to copy being subject to licensing and owed its origin to the Catholic Church Index of prohibitive works. Copyright licensing in England was originally intended to serve as an arm of Crown censorship enforcement but this authority was eventually transferred to the authors of the works to be copied.
When microphones were added to telegraph wires to create the telephone, the exchanges were interpreted as being “electronic Post Offices” and therefore within the domain of the GPO. When “modern” wireless telephony became possible this same premodern logic was applied, although it was later questioned because telegraphs and telephones served individuals while wireless telegraphy and telephony had a broadcast effect.
Administration of these electronic means of communication also came under the jurisdiction of the Committee of Imperial Defence, which had been created by Prime Minister Arthur Balfour in 1904 at the time of the Wireless Telegraphy Act. This Committee was formed by representatives from the Admiralty, War Office, Air Ministry, Treasury, India Office, Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Board of Trade and the General Post Office."
These monographs are very detailed, very precise and well documented. However, to avoid confusion in this Review, I have removed all referrals to the footnotes - which you can find in the original article that is Online and free to read.
In my preceding blog I referred to the creation of the General Electric Company; Radio Corporation of America and Electric and Musical Industries. You can find more detailed information about these entities in the Reith monograph on both pages 138 and 139, and in their accompanying footnotes.
In the last third of the text on page 139 you can read this sub-heading: 'Plugging Reith: NOT!' It is about Captain Leonard Plugge, MP and his International Broadcasting Company: IBC. If you want to read the real story about the rival stations created prior to WWII, I suggest you read this article because it contains information that you won't learn from the Rusling regalia of rubbish!
That's it for today, I hope to be here with another episode tomorrow.
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