Prince Charles explains 'pebble theatre'.
Don Pierson [right]
explains how a young
Prince Charles made a
request to join the
Radio London fan club.
Prince Charles explains 'pebble theatre'.
Don Pierson [right]
explains how a young
Prince Charles made a
request to join the
Radio London fan club.
"What a load of cobblers ........"
That is a direct quotation from Bob Meade aka 'Freddie Archer' who posted his response to the 'Radio Caroline Investigation' page on Facebook, earlier this year. On February 6, to be precise, and he responded to a direct link to this Blog.
Without accessing that link you would not know what it linked to.
So Bob, who likes to tell others that he is Freddie, just as Malcolm Smith likes to tell Companies House that he is both Malcolm and another person called 'Peter Moore' ("two people in one body"), well, Bob/Freddie is opposed to the truth being revealed because he is all for fraudulently raising money for a venture headed by Malcolm/Peter.
In fact, as we reported earlier, Bob/Freddie was "amazed" at how much money could be raised for a fraudulent undertaking that calls itself 'Radio Caroline'! So Bob/Freddie joins with Paul Rusling who wrote a volume incorporating stolen intellectual property taken from us, in support of Malcolm/Peter's con job, and Paul Rusling seems to straddle both of the two Anorak Boards that are supposedly at spitting hatred for each other.
I guess with that kind of background Bob/Freddie, we can only add that your track record to date is not just "a load of cobblers", but a sad and even despicable reflection upon the swindling state of human affairs that is drowning out truth and enlightenment in the year 2021. It is time for you to wake up and do your part to try and put the brakes on this current slide into worldwide chaos.
You, Bob/Freddie can do something about it, because you live in the UK, and that is where the BBC is headquartered. If you keep reading our two Blogs, you will come to understand that Radio Caroline in 1964 was merely an offshoot of the British Establishment which tried to use Marconi's company back in the early Nineteen Twenties, to turn the world of British enslavement via the physical British Empire, into what has now emerged as an electronic empire sans hoi polloi "trouble-makers" in those "foreign lands".
The British Crown wants to have rid of its Empire and keep it too ("have its cake and eat it too"), and it can do all of this because you Bob/Freddie, can endorse theft by Rusling and the con job by Malcolm/Peter, while attacking this work that is attempting to unmask the lies and tell the truth. But what do you do? You call it a "load of cobblers" and marvel at the amount of money that can be raised for a swindle.
I guess that "a load of cobblers" is what the anorak community has turned itself into.
We received a post very recently from someone who decried the fact that we tell the truth while asking for cooperation, but that person thought that we should be thankful for the "load of cobblers" that the anorak community is spewing forth.
No thank you, Bob/Freddie.
Your "cobblers" are making you sick because you do not seem to be capable of knowing truth from falsehood or right from wrong.
Over on the two anorak boards, and we will throw into the mix 'Digital Spy' as well, since all three run around in circles asking the same sort of mind-numbing nonsense questions over and over and over again ("Do you remember what Johnnie Walker had for breakfast on August 14, 1967?), we wanted to know if Freddie Archer is now enjoying getting answers to real questions about Radio Caroline. You will find a lot more information today over on our companion Blog - All About Caroline. Use the link button above.
As readers know, this work in progress is the achievement of three people, and we refer to them as 'The Trio' - which is why there is a moderator as well. But it is not the product of "Mervyn Hagger", even though detractors (like Bob Meade) who support the fraudulent operation claiming to be a lineal descendant of Radio Caroline which existed between 1964 and 1967, like to say that it is.
The operation that Bob Meade is supporting is totally unrelated to the original, and the ship mv Ross Revenge (now a floating hulk), was not one of the three ships that provided bases for the transmitters and studios of Radio Caroline between 1964 and 1967, before the two stations were finally snuffed out on March 6, 1968 - forever!
Our detractors hide behind various names, and some of them are really silly. But Bob Meade prefers "Freddie Archer" because he once operated a land-based shortwave 'pirate' station in the Nineteen Seventies that he called 'Radio Caroline'. Now he supports the attempt to disguise a mere 'tribute' station calling itself 'Radio Caroline', which its main operators proclaim is in some way attached to the original authentic stations. That of course is a fraud, and their fraud connects to filing false information with Companies House and attempting to turn the tribute station into a financial begging bowl by linking it to Radio Caroline from 1964 to 1967.
We will not be silent when smears are hurled our way in an attempt to prevent the true story from being told - at last. This includes anyone else attempting to plagiarize our work (like Paul Rusling), and it also includes 'attack' and smear posts, similar to the one illustrated that was written by Bob Meade under the byline of "Freddy Archer". Everyone attempting to follow suit should heed this warning.
This is the complete text of the document shown yesterday in our video on our companion Blog. (Linked above).
It is a follow-up to an investigation that began in February 1965.
We will be adding comments and illustrations to the points raised in numbers 2, 3, 5 and 6, together with specific information and illustrations regarding point 4 and the listed companies that are named. All of this goes to debunk in total, the lies spread by Ronan O'Rahilly and others, about the so-called 'merger' of Atlanta and Caroline, and the so-called take-over of Project Atlanta Limited by Planet Productions Limited, together with any lingering notion that 'Radio Caroline' was in any way, shape, form or fashion, a rebellion against the British Crown Establishment, but rather a rebellion within the British Crown Establishment led by Princess Margaret and supported by elements within the electronics industry and by top engineers from the British Broadcasting Corporation.
If you have been led to believe otherwise, you have been led to believe a lie.
For access to 'All About Caroline', simply click the button above.
Contrary to the smokescreen of nonsense that has been let loose by those wishing to misinform and misdirect by using the fiction of Ian Cowper Ross that he originally spun in 1990, there are official documents that do exist which reveal what the UK Crown discovered when it sent its agents to investigate the real story behind Radio Caroline. Because these documents have been available for a long time, and because they have been previously ignored and they are now fading copies of typewritten information, tomorrow we will begin to show you this same information in video format.
Tomorrow you will walk in the footsteps of a UK Board of Trade Investigator who went in search of Radio Caroline ....
A look at all of Britain's major pop weekly papers for 1964 and the first part of 1965 reveals a total disinterest in the arrival of Radio Caroline or anything else offshore, and then very slowly they begin to take an interest. But what is clear is that this is no 'Swinging Sixties', because these offshore radio ships and ex-forts are playing the same sort of mixture of music as the British Broadcasting Corporation, and their announcers are more like BBC announcers than UK versions of American Top 40 djs.
But that is not what the plethora of books would have you believe. Maybe the later version as told by Rob Chapman who was only 12 when Radio Caroline began, is closer to the mark. But even then, he, and his academic pal in Chicago seem to have both got bogged down with creating a kind of Asa Briggs version, a very, distorted version of the story.
Rob was recently on a podcast so we all know exactly what he thought as a 12 years-old in 1964 - the answer is nothing, he was not even aware of Radio Caroline at first while growing up in Bedfordshire. We also know what he thinks he knows now. But what he thinks he knows and and what he should know, are two totally different things. However, his university friend (Adrian Johns) could not even get the geography of London right in his book, let alone the details of what happened to create offshore radio in 1964, or even why it happened.
We are of course revealing all, little by little and Online, and of course we are doing it free of charge.
So in keeping with our editorial policy of providing independent education for all in the public interest, here is our gleaned research from two pop weeklies that provide a time-stamped glimpse of what the Melody Maker was reporting in its special feature that was published in early 1965, and what Pop Weekly was reporting about the 1964 program line-ups for both Caroline and Invicta.
At least as early as 1949, Princess Margaret age 19, was hanging out on Chesterfield Gardens and making dance requests.
She returned to the same 21 Club when Harry Meadows brother was its Secretary, and then in 1961, Harry bought the club. Harry Meadows then talked to the press about converting number 8 Chesterfield Gardens and two adjoining properties (number 7 and number 6), into the 'Meadows Hotel', but he may have run into licensing problems with his plans. This is the probable reason why number 6 remained mostly empty until it stated to fill-up in the summer of 1964.
Although the front pillars claimed that it was now 'Caroline House', it was not 'Radio Caroline House' because there was no such company as 'Radio Caroline Ltd', and a lot of other tenants also moved in who were not directly related to the events taking place on two radio ships. But it was not long before the U.S. Cosa Nostra from New Jersey started to move into London with their New York Jewish counterparts, and they brought payola and stolen bonds with them.
It was a two-way trade because other connections shipped the drug LSD back to New York. It was initially manufactured in London by a family relative of Paul Elvey. He was the radio engineer who was arrested at Glasgow airport with gelignite in his luggage.
The Krays had commissioned Elvey to kill a Greek club owner on behalf of a Maltese gang who had contracted the job to the Kray Twins. Elvey was the man who left the hatch open so that Oliver Smedley could capture Reg Calvert's 'Radio City' fort station. While many think that Smedley was acting on behalf of Project Atlanta Limited, he wasn't, he had formed another company.
This escapade ended with Smedley shooting and killing Calvert and the totally corrupt Metropolitan Police who were in the pay of London gangsters, were called in to investigate the crime along with local police. They were all the opposite of 'law enforcement', because they were all part of the criminal underworld receiving pay-offs.
This is the world that attracted the top man in Europe representing the US Treasury and its Secret Service, to begin to investigate the illicit Trans-Atlantic trade that Radio Caroline (1964-1967) had become immersed in. This is the reason why Jocelyn Stevens and company knew that the true story could not be told while they were still alive, because if part of the sordid details was unmasked, there would be no stopping investigators from digging deeper still.
Little by little, day by day, we are revealing the true story here for the very first time, and soon it will appear in a series of books.
Follow the thread on 'All About Caroline' and you will see that the evidence can be produced to reflect a number of solid connections between Princess Margaret's 'Set' and the alternative 'Establishment' to which Jocelyn Stevens belonged. These interests mingled in the clubland of London, and the owners of those clubs also reached out to the London gangland where the Kray Twins were on the bottom rungs of a big pile of criminal activity that reached high into the Metropolitan Police of Scotland Yard.
But Jocelyn Stevens also had his own publishing contacts that reached out and mingled with the world of printing as well as an emerging world of financial interests connected to both the aristocracy and oil and natural gas interests. They were all part of an alternative 'Establishment' with interests that played in the shadows of the British Crown corporation sole.
This is where our other Blog (see link) above, begins to link-up with the thread on this Blog. To understand why this is possible please review 'All About Caroline'.
These were the triggers that caused a political and mass media shape-up in the British Isles durring the Cold War years which were lived under the constant threat of a nuclear World War III.
Mainly because of the financial limitations placed upon our editorial presentations, we often publish and then, as glaring errors in textual presentation show up, as they do, we go back and correct them. So the copy in these Blogs (we have more than one), does change from time-to-time.
We seldom have to amend factual details because the material we are presenting has been researched by us over decades, and it is now being reassembled here in a different form.
Sometimes we also expand an editorial after our first publication, so if you can, please check back from time-to-time to read the latest edition. If you do spot errors of any sort, please let us know and we will correct them. (Please cite the date of the editorial; paragraph; line number and the problem for us to quickly source your reference. Thank you.)
The story behind the story that resulted in the return of Billy Graham for his now famous (or infamous) first major 'Crusade' in London, took place in 1954. That was the same year that the British Crown created the Independent Television Authority as a 'rival' to the British Broadcasting Corporation. But what helped to make the creation of ITA possible was the re-election of Winston Churchill in 1951, after he had been booted out of office as Prime Minister at the close of World War II, and had come to dislike both John Reith and 'his' BBC.
That same year of 1951 saw the re-election of Winston Churchill and the installation of a new Director of UK Naval Intelligence. He was the highly decorated Rear-Admiral Sir Anthony Wass Buzzard, 2nd Baronet.
Naval Intelligence was the senior of the UK intelligence services with roots dating back to 1882, from which it had emerged as an intelligence collection and collation organisation. If the UK had military secrets to hide, this was the department that held them - in secrecy, and now Sir Anthony was aware of them.
During World War I the Naval Intelligence Department began its spy work in earnest under the identification location of 'Room 40'. In World War II this Department had direct access to the 'Ultra' secrets after decrypted 'Enigma' messages had been sent from Hut 4 at Bletchley Park. So the appointment of Director of Naval Intelligence in 1951 was no small matter, and the person who took up that position in the same year that Winston Churchill once again became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was Rear-Admiral Sir Anthony Wass Buzzard.
Therefore it will come as somewhat of a mystery as to why his son, who became known as Sir Anthony Farquhar Buzzard, 3rd Baronet, and who had been born on June 28, 1935, should become so involved with the transition years of Herbert W. Armstrong. Those were the years of the Nineteen Fifties when Armstrong began to morph from being a small time American evangelist, into the person who would be groomed to become a self-appointed 'Ambassador for world peace, without portfolio.
But it was not just the eponymous son of Sir Anthony whose activities raise a lot of questions, but the 2nd Baronet Sir Anthony Buzzard and Director of Naval Intelligence raises a lot of his own. Sir Anthony Sr., was directly connected to the Church of England religious Establishment which brought Billy Graham back to London for his 1954 Crusade. At the same time, Sir Anthony was becoming heavily involved with Labour MP Denis Healey, and Healey became a founding member of the Bilderbergers, and Sir Anthony joined Healey in becoming a founding member of the Office for Strategic Studies which debated the future use of nuclear weapons in a potential with the USSR.
Consider the following illustrative and informative frames which follow a narrative that began during the year after Sir Antony left Naval Intelligence. That would be when Sir Anthony already had the 'inside scoop' on British secrets! Some seem to think, once a spy, always a spy, and perhaps he was. He did not sever his geopolitics links, instead his interests took off in an entirely new direction, but within the realm of a geopolitical strategic think tank.
As you consider these implications that are now being brought to your attention by this illustrative storyline, you may begin to wonder what was really going on behind the scenes during the Nineteen Fifties.
This story is told from the perspective of Denis Healey ....
Remember, it was the Suez disaster of 1956 which sparked an interest in Jocelyn Stevens to become a part of the counter Establishment that centered around Princess Margaret. This was during the time period that Buzzard and Healey were creating their new Institute. In 1964, Peter Sellers made a home movie featuring Princess Margaret in which Sellers identified Stevens and his wife as the 'Duke and Duchess of Caroline'. This movie was introduced by a mock coat of arms featuring a radio ship at its apex.
Please use the link above to read 'All About Caroline'.
On this date back in 1967, the end came for 'Radio Caroline', whatever 'It' was, because "It' certainly had not been a company, nor had 'It' been a radio station in the traditional sense.
'It' had been a constantly changing myth that came to be surrounded by gangsters and lies, but 'It' had been portrayed to the world as innocence and frivolity.
That is how this story began, and that is how the life of 'It' ended when 6 Chesterfield Gardens in London, England was legally severed from the Dutch operation of two ships, one anchored off the Isle of Man and the other one anchored off the coastline of southeast England, and both had used the call sign of 'Radio Caroline'.
The new law brought the curtain down on the southern ship which had been owned by Texans, and that ship was now under the control of the Dutch tug and salvage company which maintained the vessel. However, one of the two UK disc jockeys who remained on board, tried to proclaim that the radio ship had become a international new venture.
'It' was now bobbing around without funding and without a purpose.
Off the Isle of Man, the other ship had been legally cut off from a former financial base in England, and the wealthy individuals who once had a purpose for the vessel, had resigned before the law came into effect. That is except for on man who was playing a game by waiting for the hammer to fall, but who had pre-paid for airtime to promote his record company venture that had ties to the 'Jewish Mafia' in New York. UK officials tried to pin him down but they did not succeed, and soon, there would be no point in trying after both ships were towed away after maritime debts went unpaid.
Some, who did not understand the legal relationship between the Isle of Man and the Crown corporation sole that rules the United Kingdom, caused a very brief bureaucratic delay by allowing a legal supply-based connection between the northern ship and the Isle of Man to remain in place. But that is all that this was, and one month later, the British Crown issued Order in Council that brought into force the same legislation of August 14, 1967 which had applied to the United Kingdom.
But the dreamer and schemer named Ronan O'Rahilly, the man who had been hired as a 'patsy' to divert attention from the people who originally created the venture now ended, well, he came to believe in his own lies and the fantasy stories. Some came to believe that he was a wonder-worker who had defied the British government and got away with it.
But Ronan O'Rahilly was out of his depth, and even his family in Ireland were not supporting his daydreams. In the end, after death, his fans managed to con the priest who staged Ronan O'Rahilly's memorial service to repeat a condensed version of the same lies that Ronan O'Rahilly had told about himself, but the priest did not write that script. The believers in mythology did.
Just a few months later on March 6, 1968, after the new law came into effect in both the UK and Isle of Man, two Dutch tugs came out from the Netherlands and towed both ships into port, and that was end of the 'Radio Caroline' fantasy. Nothing had been achieved because even the BBC took its blueprint for BBC Radio 1 from the Texan formatted offshore station called Radio London, and that station had closed down on August 14, 1967, just hours before the new law came into effect.
But the O'Rahilly mythology continued, and O'Rahilly was forced to turn repeatedly to the world of con men and gangsters in attempts to make his fantasy come alive. Others used his name and the name of 'Radio Caroline', but they had no connection to any venture that had gone before under that station call sign.
This Blog and our companion Blog are now stripping away the lies, and for the first time we are explaining what really happened after a ship began test broadcasting under the call sign of 'Radio Caroline' on Friday, March 27, 1964.
This Blog continues ....
Atomic bomb tests in the atmosphere?
No, plain old pollution!
In 1952, the 'Great Smog of London' smothered London in a thick layer of filthy air which began to wrap itself around the city on Friday, December 5, and it lasted until Tuesday, December 9, 1952. It was brought about by windless and extremely cold weather conditions that froze the people of London, and trapped all that smoke being belched into the air that mixed with fog. But, immediately that weather pattern changed, that curtain of smog also vanished.
It was certainly caused by human activity, but at the time alarm bells were ringing in some quarters that it was the result of testing atomic weapons in the atmosphere. That soon proved to be untrue, and so atomic bomb testing continued in the atmosphere because 'clean coal' proved to be the answer!
You could see the black smoke belching into the air, but you could not see those radioactive particles that were falling from the sky with cancerous results. Meanwhile, in those few days of 1952, over 100,000 people were affected by respiratory illness which later research figured had perhaps killed up to 12,000 individual human beings.
Was this unusual for London?
Well, yes, and no, because London had suffered under a blanket of bad air since the time of Shakespeare and the interlocking series of Civil Wars which raged within the British Isles at that time. However, this event of 1952 was bad enough for sensible legislation to be introduced in an attempt to stop it from happening again. But it took politicians at Westminster until 1956 to put that preventative legislation in place.
But what about those atomic bombs that were being tested in the atmosphere?
Well, while the visible smoke stacks began to come under control in 1956, it took until 1957 before an organized attempt was made to protest that unseen killer from the skies which was triggering various cancers caused by reckless atomic weapons research. Then it took until 1963 to enact a partial test ban treaty to halt the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere and under water. It was, and it still is okay to do the same thing underground, even though not everyone agrees with that compromise, so those potential cancer-causing tests continue unto this day.
Coughing and spluttering because of dirty air is an immediate reaction that attracts attention, but silently dying of cancer from idiopathic causes is something that kills its victims who often die, quite conveniently, out of the sight of large crowds. But then, atomic weapons manufacture and installation creates good paying jobs, which controlling pollution from smoke stacks also does.
It's all about money!
Then someone figured that decades-old electricity was a substitute for coal, without attracting attention to the details of manufacturing that electricity and the batteries to store it. So electricity was rebranded as 'clean energy' and sold to the gullible masses as 'green energy', because for some, it had also become a source of income funded by involuntary taxes levied upon gullible masses.
So 'green energy' evangelists have taken over from their predecessors of the 1950s, and they, like Billy Graham and Herbert W. Armstrong, are replacing warnings from God to "shape up or else", to warnings from scientists to "shape up or else". But not all religious people agreed with the evangelists, and not all secular people agree with the scientists.
But fear and financial pay-offs smother common sense, just like the London smog of 1952 smothered citizens of London.
Greta Thunberg would no doubt have been citing that event as part of her warning to the world, but for one slight problem to do with biology. Back then in 1952, this manipulated teen with her own future problems in a future life that began in 2003, was not even being considered for birth by her parents to be!
Sometimes, in the present, knowing details about the mistakes made in past events, really can prevent their repetition in the future!
For a younger generation that knows nothing about the past, only the fables spun in alarmist fashion by CNN and other so-called news networks (including and especially the British Broadcasting Corporation), there was a time, no so long ago, when the cry for commercial radio in the United Kingdom was tied to the urgency of bringing to the attention of the people of the British Isles a warning about "Climate Change" (among other topics).
The year was 1953, and on Thursdays, over Radio Luxembourg I (Long Wave), could be heard that voice "crying in the wilderness", as he liked to claim, and that voice belonged to Herbert W. Armstrong.
Seems like it's time to crank-up that old hymn "Tell me the old, old story", each and every time those purveyors of propaganda called BBC and CNN want to tell us all in the year 2021, the alarmist 1953 news about "Global Warming".
We should all quake in fear!
Wasn't that what Herbert W. Armstrong was trying to do back in 1953 with his message about 'Global Warming"?
By 1953, Herbert W. Armstrong was already converting others to see his predictions for the future, and the writings below belong to one of his students. (Greta Thunberg had yet to be born.)
We have made some major revisions with expanded textural details to the previous Blog posted on Tuesday. Because it is crucial to an understanding of the foundation of this explosive story that has never been published by anyone before, we suggest that you read the updated version.
There was a reason why Herbert W. Armstrong worked behind the scenes to create offshore radio stations that could reach the British Isles, and that reason is because unlike Billy Graham, he was not welcome on the airwaves of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
On the other hand, his only alternatives were stations in Europe that could be heard in the British Isles and which sold English language commercial airtime. The leading station of this type was Radio Luxembourg, but it would not clear prime time for his broadcasts which he was asking for seven days a week. At first he was offered a slot in their original service on Thursday afternoons sandwiched in with French language programming. The Luxembourg began a second station targeting continental Europe by day and the British Isles by night. This opened up a late night slot on Mondays, and it was then followed by an additional Tuesday slot when another U.S. religious broadcaster quit Luxembourg.
There was another problem facing Armstrong, and that had to do with the location of Luxembourg, its owners and the prevailing Lutheran-Catholic religious identification of the people on the continent. This factor required Armstrong to tone-down his religious differences so as not to cause offense. It was this same factor that made Billy Graham acceptable to the BBC, because Graham's interpretation of one key word in the Bible, was in lockstep with the accepted understanding of that word by the British Crown's State Church of England.
That word was "gospel", and its interpretation was further complicated by the surrounding text in the New Testament Book of Matthew at chapter 24, and in verse 14, and this is what it says: "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come."
Billy Graham interpreted this Biblical word as part of an Establishment mission in keeping with the overall doctrines of the British Crown's State Church of England, and it was not out-of-step with the Church of Scotland. Nor was out of step with what would become Billy Graham's own "church home" in Dallas, Texas which was also the hotbed homeland of a political ideology that became branded as "McCarthyism". In a sense, it is in Dallas, Texas where the ethereal Jesus and the flesh and blood Senator became acquainted.
Many of the roots forming the basis for this story can be traced back to Texas.
But Herbert W. Armstrong understood that word "gospel" as something entirely different to Billy Graham. Armstrong understood that word to refer to a specific message that ran counter to the theology of Billy Graham, and Armstrong also interpreted the surrounding text to refer to a mission given to him and to him alone.
That mission was all about radio broadcasting and the Statler Brothers even made a record featuring religion based on radio broadcasting. Click to hear it.
The problem for Herbert W. Armstrong was this: Before he could get listeners to turn their radio on and hear his message about the "gospel", there had to be a radio station transmitter on the air and directed towards listeners who could then tune in their receivers and listen to him! As he interpreted Matthew 24:14, It was Armstrong's own mission in life to personally fulfill Matthew 24:14 as a prophetic event.
More than that, it was, as Armstrong saw it, his duty to deliver a warning message to the world, and that included the peoples of the British Isles. That warning message was tied-up with the word "gospel" and the meaning behind it. For Billy Graham, the word 'gospel' referred to the person of Jesus, while Herbert W. Armstrong read that same word as a mission message to deliver the prophecy that came with it.
Armstrong saw it as a last chance warning to the world. His own explanation went like this: "If you don't listen to the watchman on the wall (as Armstrong pictured himself), terrible things will happen to you within your lifetime. You had better heed the warning I am delivering as the messenger ."
Same book, same chapter and same verse, but two different theological interpretations. But when it came to political ideology, there was only a difference in public manifestation, because at the core both Graham and Armstrong agreed on the similar versions of political ideology. However, while Graham openly associated with post-WWII U.S. national politics of the day, Armstrong did not, even though he was actually in step with them.
But in the Nineteen Sixties there was only one way to reach the people of the British Isles with a geopolitical message wrapped in religion, especially a message that was not being manifest by the British Establishment. It had to be delivered from outside the British Isles and beamed into them. One method was to use a distant station like Radio Luxembourg, but other method was to broadcast from offshore radio stations outside British territorial waters. However, there was just one problem with that method: those stations did not exist.
The U.S. government toyed around with this method, first from a large ship anchored within the territorial waters of Greece, by permission of that government, but directing its broadcasts to satellite countries of the USSR, and later during the Vietnam War by employing aircraft flying in a circle while transmitting radio and television programs to the ground. The USA has continued to use such methods abroad during times of hostility. The same idea was adopted on a small scale by U.S. commercial operators. But in 1960, there was no outward hostility directed towards the UK by the USA, because in theory, but not always in practice, both countries were operating under the cloak of shared intelligence.
However, what Herbert W. Armstrong wanted to do did not compute with the national goals of either the USA or UK, and so if commercial offshore broadcasting was to commence off British shores, Herbert W. Armstrong would have to assist in their creation.
In 1958, Armstrong began by visiting Radio Mercur to gather information, and then he worked with Radio Europe 1 and Radio Monte Carlo where his broadcast was accepted for transmission in several languages. One of those languages was Russian, and it was delivered with the assistance of an interpreter who recorded the Radio Monte Carlo program in New York.
At this time, Armstrong was also in-step with a faction hidden within the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who had established 'fringe' radio stations such as Radio Goa on the Indian continent, and Radio Swan in the Caribbean Sea. By the Nineteen Sixties, that 'fringe' was led by none other than the U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, and the 'secret' CIA base for its air, sea and land operations was based on the U.S. southern campus of the University of Miami. Eventually Herbert W. Armstrong remarked disdainfully about these impotent 'fringe' operations, and that is when his mastermind legal advisor named Stanley R. Rader, dressed him up as the 'Ambassador for Peace, without portfolio.'
However, back in 1960, Herbert W. Armstrong was still working on the 'fringe' approach.
In 1959 various British interests had already come together and they began to push for the introduction of licensed British commercial radio. Hundreds of stations were registered and the services of a U.S. engineering company was obtained to map out exactly where and how they could be operated. The U.S. "hand" behind that plan was obfuscated intentionally when it was palmed off as the work of the Pye Group of companies.
At the same time, a British journalist named John Thompson who had been working for a radio station in Canada, had returned to his native England and together with a rogue import from North America named Arnold Swanson, the two of them began to make a lot of noise in the press about offshore broadcasting. But even though Armstrong tried to help them, they failed to put a station on the air.
Australian import Allan Crawford followed on where Thompson and Swanson left off, and he agreed to put Armstrong on his Radio Atlanta. But the powerful people on Crawford's board of directors had other ideas, and that resulted in a spin-off called Radio Caroline.
However, the ideas behind Radio Caroline were strategic, and they had no time or place for polemical broadcasting that would hinder and not help their objectives. Their plans were centered around a top level former BBC radio engineer who was working with the John Stanley, son of the Chairman of Pye Group, which was at that time, one of the U.K.'s major electronics firms. The Pye plan was to get licenses for commercial radio stations so that Pye could manufacture and sell them 'pre-packaged stations' for a fixed low price.
Yet another faction behind the plans for Radio Caroline had been involved in supplying programming to British commercial television contractors, and before that they supplied commercial radio programming to the Luxembourg station. These people also saw an opportunity to further their interests by expansion.
There was also another and very powerful group which was tied to the embryonic plans for exploration and exploitation of the offshore natural gas and petroleum fields that could be developed from rigs in the North Sea. These business interests were based in Houston, Texas and they had a working enterprise to guide them on which was situated in a gigantic lake within the territorial waters of Venezuela.
While Crawford's plans for Radio Atlanta were moving ahead with the interjection of the group that was focused upon the spin-off project of Radio Caroline, the assassination of President John F. Kennedy took place on November 22, 1963 at 'High Noon' in Dallas, Texas. This city in the Lone Star State, was already the home of both modern music radio programming, and the hotbed of McCarthy politics. It also became the location of Billy Graham's "home church", and all of these interests helped to create a 'perfect storm' of activity that slammed the door shut on Armstrong's plans, while speeding-up plans for British offshore broadcasting, sans Armstrong.
Meanwhile, out in the wilderness of West Texas, several car dealers and oil men who were oblivious to the geopolitical undercurrents tying Dallas and London together, fell victim to the intentional noise of propaganda spread abroad about Radio Caroline which had begun testing off the coast of south-east England on March 27, 1964. Looking at the situation from afar, and then during a flying visit to inspect the Caroline and Atlanta ships from a plane flying overhead, Don Pierson who was the leading Texan in this group, saw the opportunity to transport the same kind of programming format heard in Dallas, and place it on a former U.S. minesweeper anchored next to the Caroline and Atlanta ships. Thus Radio London was born as an idea in the middle of 1964, but it would not come on the air until the end of that year.
It took a change of government in the UK during late 1964, and the uncertainty that a new Socialist (Labour Party) administration brought with it, that caused the backers of Radio London to worry. It seemed that at the very moment Radio London was about to come on the air, this new Labour government was going to put a spanner in the works.
Just as their ship station dropped anchor, and the noise from the British General Election was beginning to die down, the noise in the camp of the Radio London investors was beginning to rise. They did not know how long their new investment would last, because they did not know whether new British legislation would kill its potential British advertising base - before the Texas investors had a chance to recoup their investment, let alone make a profit.
This was Armstrong's moment.
The Texans needed him as much as he needed them!
It was after Armstrong began incrementally introducing his daily roster of programs to the airwaves of Radio London, that the people behind the spin-off project of Radio Caroline also realized that their original purpose for Radio Caroline was only being partially met. It was the oil and petroleum people who had got the answer they wanted by testing the British Crown to see how it would react to a challenge just beyond its territorial waters. Their ship called 'Fredericia' and renamed 'Caroline', had met that challenge and won the day.
But for the interests behind the programming side that aimed to create land based stations, their hopes and dreams had been immediately dashed. Now, instead of a short-term project, they had to also follow the lead of Radio London's programmers and make money before legislation came in to stop them.
In far away Liechtenstein the money controllers behind Atlanta and Caroline revised their marketing plans for both ship stations and decided to operate under a single identity that pinned their hopes on assisting their own financial interests based on the Isle of Man. However, merging the Atlanta and Caroline operations into a single company became a problem, because the Atlanta ship was leased from another group in Texas, while the Caroline ship was controlled by a tug and maritime towing company in the Netherlands, and that company also had ties to the Texas-Venezuela oil and petroleum industry.
When the original Caroline ship moved from its original location and then dropped anchor off the Isle of Man, the marketing men from Caroline came begging for Armstrong to also use their two offshore stations. But Armstrong was no longer begging. He now had a choice of stations.
So Armstrong put his program on the northern ship (Caroline), but his London advertising agency shunned the southern ship (ex-Radio Atlanta station), because he was already on Radio London anchored 'next door', and it had far more transmitting power to cover the same broadcasting area. There were now other offshore stations in that same vicinity that were coming on the air, and they too were anxious to obtain Armstrong's paid daily broadcast.
But to understand how all of these interests came together, it is necessary to understand the driving force that linked to them all, and that was Herbert W. Armstrong. He is the real foundation of this entire story, and his motivating force is linked back to the alternative interpretation that one Biblical verse. Here are its two interpretations:
The first clip on film is by a flamboyant and relatively young Billy Graham, and the other one is by an aging Herbert W. Armstrong - after he had disassociated himself from his son Garner Ted:
Casual listeners to the majority of the offshore radio stations of the Nineteen Sixties may have assumed that all of the sponsored religious programs that were being broadcast, all delivered the same sort of message, while begging for money from listeners.
But that is not true at all.
While the majority of these paid programs were affiliated with well-known Protestant Church denominations that may have been rivals with each other, they were mostly variations of church services that might be heard on Sundays. But one of those programs did not fit into that description at all, because it was mostly a polemical monologue delivered for half an hour each day. In some instances it was broadcast by the same offshore radio station more than once a day, and without that paid program in their schedules, many of the offshore stations would not have received enough income to stay on the air.
But that was not the only difference between the other religious broadcasts and that of Herbert and Garner Ted's spoken word program called 'The World Tomorrow'. Because apart from a closing Hollywood instrumental jingle-bed over which a well known Hollywood announcer gave out a mailing address in London, there was no music to be heard, and there was never an appeal for money. There were constant offers of totally free literature that could be obtained with a simple request, and sometimes listeners were told that they could not pay for it, and if they tried, their money would be sent back to them.
However, that was not the only difference between the message delivered by Herbert and Garner Ted, versus 'all the rest'. That difference can be explained with one word that has religious overtones, and it is the word 'gospel'. According the secular dictionary, that word is derived from the Anglo-Saxon term which means "god-spell" or "good story", and it has been further explained as "good news". It is the interpretation of that message in that "good news" that reveals the differences between Armstrong and Billy Graham.
The question is "good news about what"?
The traditional message that preachers such as Billy Graham usually trot out, is a line referring to "good news about the Kingdom of God", and that of course triggers (if you can be bothered to ask), "what is the 'Kingdom of God"? The majority will then get into the airy-fairy blather about "the life of Jesus" and an ethereal explanation relating to "heaven", whatever that is, and of course it requires a further interpretative stream of words that varies from preacher to preacher.
But Armstrong took that same word "gospel", relating to "good news", to mean something entirely different.
Armstrong did not preach about the past life of a person called "Jesus", nor talk about "going to heaven". Armstrong's message was about a coming world government in a "wonderful world tomorrow" when there would plenty of everything necessary for all human beings to live on Planet Earth in peace and harmony with each other, and this utopia would last for a thousand years. Presiding over it all would be a returned Jesus acting as the "King of kings and Lord of lords" - the Messiah once proclaimed in song by Handel the composer.
But there was a catch.
Before the good news could kick-in, a nuclear World War III was in the offing - but not initially involving the communists in Russia and China, but a revived Roman Empire dominated by another German Fuehrer.
The foundation of Armstrong's message was essentially to be found in two different Bible verses. The first one is found in the 'Old Testament' of the Bible, and it contains the "good news" which Armstrong incorporated as the illustration shown on his Ambassador College logo:
The text under the illustration says "The lion shall dwell with the lamb and a little child shall lead them in the world tomorrow." It is a transliteration of Isaiah 11:6 which reads "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them."
The second foundational verse, the horrific one, came from the 'New Testament' in the Book of Matthew, chapter 24, and verse 14: "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come."
So it came down to interpreting the meaning of the word "gospel". Billy Graham, the "Lutheran Hour: Bringing Christ to the Nations" and all of the other offshore radio religious programs mainly heard on Sundays, said that it was about the life and times of Jesus, the Christ. But the Seventh Day Adventists and their "Voice of Prophecy" program were nearer to Armstrong's version because in the early days both they and the church that Armstrong originally joined called 'Church of God', had split-off from a common trunk of ideology and then split again and again. But in the way that Armstrong delivered his message, his methodology was unique.
His warning began on the radio and in print before World War II. That is when he thought that Benito Mussolini, who said that was going to rebuild a version of the Roman Empire, was going to become the world dictator and destroy both the UK and USA. But when Hitler eclipsed Mussolini, Armstrong began to preach that Hitler would be defeated, and that Russia would never attack the USA, and that a United States of Europe would emerge and include many nations that had been a part of the USSR, and which would then collapse. If Britain joined this new United Europe, it would leave before World War III began, because the United Europe would accomplish militarily what Hitler's Third Reich failed to do in defeating both the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
All of this began to shape up during the Cold War years. Billy Graham came to London and hired an advertising agency run by two brothers. One of them worked on the Graham account, and the other one worked on the Armstrong account.
By 1956 when the Suez Crisis shook the USA and UK diplomatic relationship, a young Jocelyn Stevens became disgusted with Prime Minister Anthony Eden for giving in to threats in the United Nations by both the USA and USSR. That is when Armstrong published a frightening booklet called '1975 in Prophecy'.
This booklet was illustrated by sci-fi writer Basil Wolverton who was both a founding trustee within Armstrong's organization, and an artist who regularly worked for 'Mad' magazine and his work also appeared on the cover of 'Life' magazine. This booklet predicted that famine and drought would come about due to what is now called 'Climate Change' or 'Global Warming'.
Armstrong promoted scientific works fighting pollution and the mass-marketing of foods that are deprived of vitamins. In other words, long before all of the clamour going on today about pandemics; climatic disasters and over population, and before the UK even got into Europe, Armstrong was warning the world about all of this back in 1956, and before that, beginning in the year 1934 on the radio and then in print.
Meanwhile, not only did Armstrong come to the UK and establish a college (situated between St Albans and Watford in England), but he did so at the same moment that Charles Orr Stanley and a lot of his associates began working towards creating the alternative broadcasting system that Armstrong required to deliver his message of warning to the British Isles.
This is what the Armstrong radio log looked like for December 1966:
Tomorrow: How Billy Graham and Herbert W. Armstrong interpreted the same chapter and verse of the Bible in two different ways, with Armstrong viewing it as part of his Divine mission to create offshore radio stations that could cover all of the British Isles.
The British Crown is a corporation sole that traces its ancestry back to a murky and fairly recent past where the past is Orwellian propaganda. It does not compute, it is what the "Powers that be", say that it is.
Might make right.
Without delving into the past on this blog, we suggest you read this document by clicking here.
But this is where the Queen meets Cold War propaganda dressed up as a Bruce Barton Jesus and accompanied by a lot of singing led by Billy Graham. The Crown will put its BBC airwaves at his disposal, and its GPO will install special landlines to carry his message.
It is a peculiar message that Billy Graham brings to the British Isles, and it sounds a lot like Joe McCarthy, except that its diatribe contains a lot of Bible verses, and he visits these islands again and again and again. He does so with the blessings of the Crown - which is of course is presided over by the same Queen that Churchill called Elizabeth II (even though there was never an Elizabeth I as Queen of the UK, or even of Scotland.)
It is all a polemical charade in which the son of the head of British Naval Intelligence will become a part of another and different American religious team that will decamp in England with a very political message about Europe. That evangelist's name is Herbert W. Armstrong, and he is a student of Bruce Barton's "The Man Nobody Knows", and "The Book Nobody Knows."
Of course not everyone in the British Establishment is happy with this American religious 'invasion', but since the Queen is happy, the Crown is happy, and if the Crown is happy, so is the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Princess Margaret is not happy, and neither are her supporters like Jocelyn Stevens, but these are early days and Stevens has yet to buy 'Queen' magazine and think about joining forces with others to create a rival system to the BBC.
Mass hysteria promoting both love and hate are two sides of the same coin: Both are the results of mind manipulation to achieve a result, unless and maybe in the instance of a specific event taking place at a specific moment in time, mass hysteria is usually the work of a shill who has been planted in a crowd to physically display a public reaction. Others nearby then follow suit.
Emotional reaction by young girls listening to music, is not something that is ignored by promoters, especially when they are in a group, because that emotional reaction can be channeled into spontaneous commercial activity - impulse buying. In the Nineteen Forties, the fact that bobbysoxers were shouting "We love you Frankie", when they knew nothing about Frank Sinatra as a person, did not go unnoticed by those engaged in the business of marketing religion.
A parallel version to the pop scene began to develop with shouts of "We love you Jesus"! With young males in the USA away at War killing young males from another country, the pent-up sexuality of young American females had been commercially directed towards sex symbols who appeared in magazines, on record, on film screens, and in person at concerts. Soon these same young girls were expending their adoration for "Jesus", by attending mass rallies where they were encouraged to sing along in form of sexual exuberance, while pretending that they were doing no such thing.
Within the manipulated, young, and mainly female crowds were marketeers who saw them as paying customers, and this interpretation remained true from the Nineteen Forties into the Nineteen Sixties with the arrival of the Beatles into the merchandising arena.
"We love you Jesus" became big business and in the 1940s, because it was coupled with a heterosexual frustration created by the shortage of males that was channeled into a vicarious adoration of the images thrust in their direction by the promoters of 'Youth for Christ'.
These promoters realized that the appearance of a young Billy Graham as one of their own, was the nearest thing they had to a star performer, and that is when Billy Graham was touted as the "Boy Evangelist". It was not too difficult to create romantic interpretations for his female followers which could be channeled into a form of outward emotional expression which concealed what was really going on in those minds that controlled the hormones in their young bodies.
To make the transition from secular music to marketing religious music, required the skills and talents of Madison Avenue, which had been built by a man who had the ability to fuse religion with business and politics in order to create a new polemic. That man was Bruce Barton whose name lives on today in the company called BBDO, initials which represent Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn.
Bruce Fairchild Barton was born on August 5, 1886 (he died on July 5, 1967). He not only became an elected member to the U.S. House of Representatives (1937-1941) as a member of the Republic Party, but before that, he had already been immersed in both journalism and advertising. In 1918 he worked as a publicist for the U.S. 'United War Work Campaign' fund-raising drive, and then, after the Great War as WWI was known Bruce Barton created the agency that has evolved into BBDO.
In 1925, Bruce Barton wrote a book called 'The Man Nobody knows', which was followed by another in 1926 called 'The Book Nobody knows'. The first one was about Jesus, and the second one was about the Bible.
Back then, these two books had a tremendous impact on a young Chicago advertising man that few had ever heard of whose name is Herbert W. Armstrong. Decades later, Armstrong began to refer to his Church as 'The Work', a slogan that is still in use by BBDO today!
However, it was the subject matter of these two books that impacted Armstrong, because they portrayed the Jewish carpenter of Roman Empire days, as if Jesus was a contemporary with Bruce Barton and radiating the strong magnetism of a dynamic businessman - just like Bruce Barton. In other words, Bruce Barton's version of Jesus was the opposite of a weak and meek individual, but that of a man who was striving to get ahead through individualistic application of advertising applied to business methodology.
Initially, the 1925 edition of his book referenced examples of men such as Henry Ford who applied this same ideology to their own fields of endeavor. But in a much later edition printed in 1956, those contemporary references were removed by the publisher. This observation is interesting to note because Henry Ford was a big promoter of the same kind of 'Illuminati-anti-Jew' nonsense of 1920, that had been championed by Winston Churchill as the MP for Dundee in Scotland.
So Bruce Barton turned 'Jesus' into a category of product, and that 'product' emerged in the form of at least two different and competing 'brands'. One of them was created in Eugene, Oregon during 1934 by Herbert W. Armstrong, and the other one was created in London during 1945 by the shadowy folks who occupied the same sort of world as Sefton Delmer.
During World War II, Sefton Delmer had created his own Roman Catholic religious broadcasts from England directed at Nazi Germany. These radio transmissions were called 'Christus der König' (or 'Christ the King' ), and they were recorded by a young Austrian priest named Father E. Eisenberger at Wavendon Tower, which became for a time after WWII, the offices of the Milton Keynes Development Corporation.
Eistenberger's broadcasts were heard over one of Sefton Delmer's array of 'Black' radio stations. It used an American transmitter to broadcast from England to Germany on shortwave, with the approval of Winston Churchill as Wartime Prime Minister, but frowned upon by the folks in control of the BBC. However, the rumor was fostered that this German religious radio station was originating from somewhere in Europe with the blessings of the Vatican. The content of these religious broadcasts was composed of a mixture of Catholicism plus polemical misinformation, while these radio church services denounced the Nazi cult as a fake religion being led by a false messiah.
Clearly the British Establishment that was dominated by a Crown corporation sole had no qualms about using religious broadcasting to fight its enemies. John Reith, who was the original Managing Director of the commercial BBC, and then Director General of the British Broadcasting Corporation, was himself a "son of the Manse". Reith saw no problem in using the airwaves for religious indoctrination. Reith boasted that he knew what was good for the hoi polloi residing within the British Isles, even though he did not live by the very code of conduct that he preached to others.
But this religious hypocrisy is at the core of the British Crown, and without make-believe religious nonsense cooked-up for the political moment, the entire British structure of government would come crashing to the ground. There would be no more chants of "God Save the King" (or Queen.)
It was to further this end in the wake of Sefton Delmer's escapades on the British airwaves, that Billy Graham was brought to London and let lose on the occupants of the British Isles. Tomorrow we will explain how the "Youth for Christ" movement was brought to London and how it transitioned into the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association.
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