Prince Charles explains 'pebble theatre'.
Don Pierson [right]
explains how a young
Prince Charles made a
request to join the
Radio London fan club.
Prince Charles explains 'pebble theatre'.
Don Pierson [right]
explains how a young
Prince Charles made a
request to join the
Radio London fan club.
In yesterday's blog I focused upon 'key words' that created a riddle.
If the claims in the 2002 IEE book called 'Radio Man' are true: how can that riddle by reconciled with all of the many books, magazines, newspapers, radio and television documentaries that purport to tell a different story about the creation of Radio Caroline? Both versions cannot be true, can they?
What if both versions are untrue?
This was the dilemma that presented itself just before the lecture that was due to be delivered on October 25, 2014 at the Burntisland Communications Museum. In the accepted version of the story, Allan Crawford had one set of investors and a project from which Ronan O'Rahilly had broken away and then gathered his own investors with the help of a man called 'Jimmy Ross'.
There were supposedly two ventures: One behind Radio Atlanta and another behind Radio Caroline.
But to make that scenario work, a lot of details have to be overlooked, and most of those details are really timeline questions. For instance: How was Project Atlanta Limited put together; when was it put together, and who was on the board of that company?
You may think that is a settled question, but it is not.
First of there is that secret trip that Ronan O'Rahilly. He was supposedly a big hero worshiper of President John F. Kennedy, and yet, O'Rahilly took off for Idlewild Airport in New York on behalf of Allan Crawford in June 1963, just as JFK was touching down at Shannon Airport in Ireland.
The press claimed that O'Rahilly renamed the mv Fredericia and called it 'Caroline' after President Kennedy's 5 years-old daughter. However, we now know that this was a latter day lie. It was dreamed-up in early 1965 by freelance journalists who were working in New York for the weekly 'yellow press' U.S. newspaper called the 'National Enquirer'.
Second, when O'Rahilly returned to London, Crawford's Project Atlanta Limited was registered on August 1, 1963 with just two directors. So what about all those other high-flying directors whose names later cropped up on its board? How about them, indeed! How did they get there and when did they get there?
Third, there is that strange intervention with the timeline on November 22, 1963. That is when President Kennedy had his head blown apart in the middle of Dallas, Texas, and then, his alleged assassin was gunned down in the middle of the Dallas Police Department underground garage - while surrounded by police and reporters. All of it transmitted on 'live' television coverage.
Fourth, there is the former 'Radio Nord' radio ship, which suddenly, right after the murder of JFK, saw its refurbished transmitters and all broadcasting equipment rushed down from the Dallas factory to the pier on Galveston Island where the mv Mi Amigo was docked. Then that ship suddenly left port after its captain told authorities that it was going out for 'sea trials' in the Gulf of Mexico during the Christmas and New Years' holiday period. But that ship never returned to port and sailed instead for the Bahama islands.
Fifth, and within hours of the Mi Amigo leaving port, a retired Danish passenger ferry called Fredericia, suddenly left its Copenhagen dock bound for Rotterdam.
Sixth, years later, Ian Cowper Ross wrote a book, a novel that was published in 1990, in which he began to recite a fanciful tale that he also told on a BBC-TV 'Arena' program that year. It was all about a crazy car drive with Ronan O'Rahilly at the wheel, and they were on their way to see Ian's father, who young O'Rahilly had never met but called him 'Jimmy'. Supposedly, O'Rahilly had such a gift of the gab that 'Jimmy' arranged then and there to have a bank hand over to Ronan O'Rahilly a suitcase of cash which was enough to buy and outfit the Fredericia as a radio ship called 'Caroline'.
Seven, even though O'Rahilly had double-crossed Crawford they agreed to work together and use Ronan's father's port at Greenore. The trouble with that scenario being that Ronan's father did not own a port at Greenore, and nor was Ronan's father very wealthy.
So where does the Frankland-IEE book fit into that scenario?
Neither the accepted version of events nor the Frankland-IEE story as reported are true.
The key is in those words: "fictitious"; "manufacturing"; "made" and "nonexistent manufacturer." They all relate to the broadcasting equipment which had been installed in 1964 on board the mv Caroline (ex-Fredericia), allegedly (according to a single paragraph on page 276 in the 2002 book called 'Radio Man'), upon instructions from Charles Orr Stanley and his son John who managed the Pye Group of companies.
But is the narrative true?
It is not.
If you will recall (or refer to yesterday's blog), this mystery began when Nicholas Stanley (who had commissioned the book for a 'mere' £92,355), could not explain the source of the information in that one paragraph on page 276. He was also extremely hazy, because this event had taken place years before. He was also unsure how the information had been obtained, but he thought that the source was an "engineer" named Hill, but he did know where this 'Mr Hill' could be located, or even if he was still alive.
Meanwhile, problems had developed at senior level in Bradford where 48 bankers boxes that 'might' contain the answer, would only be available for inspection at an old RAF airfield and now storage facility at Wroughton, during one time per month. That is, as long as the Museum at Bradford had a 'minder' to spare and send down to Wroughton with the appropriate box to be inspected.
The problem for 'The Trio' was that not only did they not know which box contained the information they were after; they did not know if any of those boxes contained that information. Nor did they know what exactly it was that they were looking for. The Museum at Bradford did supply a very general list of contents for each box, but the boxes were more-or-less in the bundled condition that they were in when Nicholas Stanley had finished with them and turned them over to the Museum. Some, were later found to have grown mold and had to be withdrawn for "health and safety reasons"!
It seems that not only Philips have a hand (for whatever their reason), in destroying the original Pye archives, but no researcher at the Museum had picked-up from where Nicholas Stanley had left off and created a newly cataloged and detailed record about the contents of those boxes. No one else was trying to obtain access to those boxes in order to create a documented history of the Pye Group of companies that could then be researched for academic purposes. The book 'Radio Man' was, it seems, to have been the final answer.
At Bradford repeated inquiries by 'The Trio' became an irritation because these 48 boxes which had been donated by Nicholas Stanley, appeared to be the sole remaining archives of the Pye Group of companies, and yet, the Museum had just shelved them and forgotten about them for years, until 'The Trio' began asking questions. One reason that nothing had been done to catalog them was that they were not stored at Bradford, but off site at Wroughton, and the Museum also claimed that it lacked the money to hire someone travel down to Wroughton to do that job. Since no one was making a fuss, there was no reason to assign anyone to do that job.
Then 'The Trio' began making a bigger noise!
The Museum eventually assigned Ian Baird (who is indeed related to the eponymous famed inventor), to work with 'The Trio'. But just as soon as he got on with that task, we were told that funding for his employment would not be continued and so he was leaving for another job. 'The Trio' would have to wait until someone else could be hired.
Like a lot of these cultural operations, this Museum which is affiliated with the Science Museum in London, did have money to build a 'palace' to house artifacts, but the research side of this impressive structure took a back seat.
It seems that 'The Trio' have a habit of causing angst whenever and wherever they start to poke around into dark corners where no one else dares to go. Bradford was no exception. But as soon as it became obvious that 'The Trio' were in contact with Nicholas Stanley and that his bequest had been shelved and ignored, the Museum suddenly sprang to life and hired a young lady to write a blog for the Museum about their Pye archived materials! Keep in mind that this all began with 'The Trio', but you can find the result of her undertaking Online at:
However, don't look for the connection between Pye and Radio Caroline, because it is not there.
Meanwhile the 'anorak community' which swirled around this subject were also either uninterested, or they laughed to scorn at the claims uncovered in the book 'Radio Man' whenever they were mentioned by 'The Trio'.
It was due to this hostile environment that 'The Trio' decided to see if there were any open-minded students of broadcasting history who had an interest in the subject about the origins of Radio Caroline. So they commenced publishing an informal, no-cost-to-subscribers newsletter called 'Caroline Investigation'. Part of its purpose was to keep assembling names as subscribers who could then be invited to participate in a symposium. So a long list of names was added, including that of Paul Rusling!
In addition, pages were added to 'Facebook' but none of it produced any contributory information or funding to aid with further research. 'The Trio' plus one other person who did assist them in a major way with their Wroughton research, remained on their own.
Tomorrow I will explain in detail what happened at Wroughton and how 'The Trio' began to realize that everyone was lying, and that no one ever want the true story of Radio Caroline to be told. But you will learn what 'The Trio' discovered, and you will also come to understand why the Garry Stevens Forum turned from cooperation into sheer hate for anything to do with the 'The Trio'.
The Trio' was about to relegate Ronan O'Rahilly to the dustbin of lies with all of the other con-men of history whose fake stories they have encountered. In addition, Malcolm Smith had turned for help to Paul Rusling and they set about the business of creating a 'bible of lies' about the mythological continuation of Radio Caroline throughout the years. That 'bible' would then be used to assist a tiny community radio station and a rusting hulk to gain and maintain gullible supporters!
See you here tomorrow!
[Textually corrected: 4/1/2020]
Knowing how eager my critics are to undermine my words in order to preserve their own hoax and fraudulent schemes to attract money for a cause that does not exist, I need to insert yet another caveat: When I introduce information that you may not already be familiar with, please, don't try to reconcile it with what you have learned from false information elsewhere, because you will end up becoming even more confused than you were!
I am creating a totally new and different timeline. While Paul Rusling has stolen some of his information from the former 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter, he has tried to hammer it as though it was a square peg into his round hole that leads to a void of understanding. Foolishly he has tried to brag that 'The Trio' have it all wrong because 'Jimmy Ross' did exist, and this mythological character was the primary source of funding for Radio Caroline.
But 'Jimmy Ross' does not and never has existed. As best we can determine, that myth did not even begin to surface until years after the final demise of Radio Caroline. We know who began that silly story and why that person began that fable, and in due course this too will be explained.
The real timeline is one that begins way, way back in the Nineteen Thirties, but not in the way that you might imagine, or try to second guess. However, the timeline of the investigation that 'The Trio' began to follow really did not start until October 25, 2014, because that is when the "lecture that never was" about the advent of Radio Caroline in 1964 was due to be delivered at the Communications Museum in Burntisland, Fife. Instead of a lecture, the assembled audience heard an embarrassing apology.
As I previously explained on March 27 (and revised, expanded and corrected on dates following) as a part of this continuing blog, the problem for 'The Trio' began with a book. It was not even a new book but one that was published in 2002, and it was only one paragraph (see left) on one page (276), in a book of 356 pages that caused a problem.
According to that text, the Stanleys (both father and son) agreed to "provide all its equipment" by setting up "a fictitious radio manufacturing company" and that "everything Pye made for Caroline was stamped with the logo of the nonexistent manufacturer." The key words being "fictitious"; "manufacturing"; "made" and "nonexistent manufacturer."
Those words presented a big problem because the broadcasting equipment loaded on board the mv Caroline (ex-Fredericia), did not include any major materials that were made by any of the Pye Group of companies, and neither was there any equipment on board that bore a strange (obscure) logo or badge. The equipment came from well-known American companies.
After purchasing a copy of this book In 2014, and after reading page 276, the question arose: What is the source of this information? On page 295 the sources are detailed for the preceding chapter on page 276, and this is what is listed:
No specific source is listed for page 276 about the information regarding Radio Caroline. In the back of the book there is also a listing for the box files [COS] relating to Charles Orr Stanley, but the listed contents are very general. There are additional sources listed, but nothing that specifically relates to page 276 and that paragraph. At the very top of the first page of 'Source Materials' (in the back of the book), is this added information: "The letters, documents and other material on which this book is based are held at the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television, Bradford." It was to Bradford that 'The Trio' then turned, and after many phone calls and emails they reached a brick wall of indifference.
Overtures were then made personally in both emails and phone calls to Nicholas Stanley; son of John Stanley and grandson of Charles Orr Stanley. From him it was learned that after Philips bought out Pye in the Sixties, someone gave the order to demolish a number of old Victorian houses in Cambridge which contained the Pye archives. Not only did the buildings disappear, but so did a lot of archive material.
Nicholas Stanley explained (to 'The Trio') that he had established the Stanley Foundation Ltd in order to create another repository from family sources, upon which the book 'Radio Man' was then based. But unfortunately he no longer had access to those 'new' archives because they had been donated to the Museum at Bradford, along with all of the notes pertaining to the creation of the book. So 'The Trio' turned once again to the senior management at Bradford who then volunteered that all of this 'new' archive material dating back to 2002, and all of the research conducted for 'Radio Man', was not only unsorted and undocumented, but it was in a warehouse and not readily accessible.
However, there was a further complication in that the Museum at Bradford could only permit inspection of this material at their undeveloped (at that time) new storage facility which is located at the old RAF airfield at Wroughton, near Reading. But non-Museum personnel could only inspect those contents one day a month, after the Museum at Bradford also dispatched a minder to Wroughton with the requested boxes. Since there were around 48 of these bankers boxes with unsorted contents and only a general description of the contents of each box, it would be necessary for 'The Trio' or their associate to identify which box they wanted to inspect.
Therefore a decision was made to contact Nicholas Stanley again, since the Foundation that he has established had hired the author and an assistant technical expert to write the book, and he had also gained support of the prestigious IEE to publish 'Radio Man'. A question was then put to him as to whether he knew the source of the information that appeared on page 276. He said that he thought that it had come from an engineer but he could recall any details since he was not the originator of the information.
At some point in time an investigation was also undertaken by 'The Trio' to see what the Stanley Foundation is and what its relationship had been to the book. This composite illustration reveals some very interesting details:
There seemed to be no alternative but to push ahead and ask Bradford for permission to see inside box after box in order to discover whether the source of the information that appears on page 276 and in that single paragraph, could be found within the contents. of those boxes. 'The Trio' were working with a hands-on person who had a very long history of documenting everything to do with the Caroline ships; but even he was not sure what kind of document it was that they were all looking for.
(Even getting to the old airfield which was just outside of Wroughton involved expense in both time and money. Given that there were 48 bankers boxes and that a Museum 'minder' had to be dispatched, there was also the problem of securing open-ended cooperation from the Museum management since it was impossible to say in which box, or even if any box actually contained the answer; or what kind of a document was being sought.)
Tomorrow I will tell you what was discovered, and what that discovery implied regarding this research project into the origins of Radio Caroline.
[Additional copy editing performed post-publication in order to tidy-up my written text.]
Well, wading through Rusling's book to reach page 14 was bad enough, but when I began to look with an analytical eye at page 15, I realized that what I am attempting to do by going through his 'bible' page-by-page and performing an autopsy of his virally contagious words is going to be impossible.
There is such a large cloak of deception that covers Rusling's words that they all turn into a farce, and not a just a mere veneer of falsity that whitewashes the true story. It is easier for me tell you the true story, than it is for me to explain the travesty of deception that Rusling has created by his mockery of so-called 'insider' enlightenment.
In response to yesterday's blog about the 4 Phases of the Original Radio Caroline, Scottg posted this (03/28/20 08:58PM) in the Comments section:
"Caroline, everytime 'Radio Caroline management' is mentioned, confusion continues. eg. Jocelyn Stevens, (private investors, and no public shareholders), and Alan Crawford (Project Atlanta Ltd with a public listing of the shareholders). JS group had to acquire and equip a boat, whereas AC (via CBC (Plays) Ltd,) leased a ready equipped boat. Therefore when 'Radio Caroline' is mentioned, could it be clarified whether it is JS, AC or both. Many thanks, Scottg."
Scottg, that is easier written as a question than answered with a brief caveat because your own definition of two groups of investors is based upon the hoax story that has been perpetuated by people like Paul Rusling. In brief: those two groups did not exist and they had never existed.
However, fans of Radio Caroline were led to believe that they did exist and that these two groups were led by Allan (two 'l's in his first name) Crawford and Ronan O'Rahilly. According to the popular press version of this story, Jocelyn Stevens was brought to the attention of their readers in connection with Radio Caroline after a television program was aired on Tuesday, May 12, 1964 on Granada TV.
That program was part of a relatively new series of filmed documentaries under the banner of 'World in Action', and it aired just 46 days after Radio Caroline made its test broadcast on Friday evening, March 27, 1964. The filming of that program took place much earlier in Jocelyn Stevens restrictively small offices at 52 Fetter Lane in London, which was just around the corner from the expansive offices of the 'Daily Mirror' newspaper.
It was from his Fetter Lane address and in the office his employees used for creating advertising to finance each issue of the fashion magazine that was originally called 'The Queen', that the interview with Jocelyn Stevens sitting behind a cluttered desk was filmed. Facing the camera to Stevens' left was a very young Ronan O'Rahilly, and sitting next to him and for most of the time off camera was Christopher Moore. To the right of Stevens and sitting in a corner and mainly off camera, was an equally young Ian Cowper Ross.
The office space at Fetter Lane was so small and cramped that photo shoots for the fashion magazine had to staged elsewhere, and that restricted Jocelyn Stevens' activities at that address. Among the companies that Stevens controlled at that time was Stevens Press and another company that published 'World's Press News', which had been around for a long time before Stevens bought it. 'World's Press News' had been previously described as the "journal of the British newspaper trade" on page 13 of 'The Ottawa Journal' for September 11, 1953.
The Granada TV program did not explain how a relationship had been created between Jocelyn Stevens and Radio Caroline. Nor did it explain why Ian Cowper Ross and Christopher Moore were sitting in that office. For that matter, the program did not explain the relationship between Ronan O'Rahilly and Jocelyn Stevens.
What this TV program did accomplish was to allow Jocelyn Stevens the opportunity to spin a yarn that was akin to a 'red herring' in which he denied that there was a 'Mister Big' lurking somewhere in Europe who was pulling the strings. The producers of the TV program went along with Stevens diversion by showing a quasi 'Alfred Hitchock' stereotype puffing away on a cigar, while Stevens was narrating his diversionary schtick.
Strangely, the actor performing for his cameo image of 'Mister Big' on the television screen, somewhat resembled F. W. Broadribb who had been shown in an earlier frame of this same program. Broadribb was a director of Project Atlanta Limited.
What was not explained was why Ian Cowper Ross was sitting in the corner. Stevens did say that the Radio Caroline project had begun somewhere around September-October 1963 (using his count-back reference), and he allowed O'Rahilly to utter a few words to the effect that he had gone to Sweden where he got the idea from Radio Nord. In another TV interview Allan Crawford said that he first met Ronan O'Rahilly during the "first part" of 1963, but he did not specify a month.
Crawford's own entrance on to the stage of offshore radio is mired in the mists of time that refers to the original registration of a company called C.B.C. (Plays) Limited on April 2, 1960. But that company does not begin to connect to Allan Crawford until the year 1962.
What transpired between 1960 and 1962 is still somewhat foggy, as is the identity of the party who registered that company and whether it was part of a commercial operation that surfaced in England to produce more plays for export to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Then that company went dormant, and it was subsequently bought "off-the-shelf" without undergoing a name change.
However, the available evidence to date does support Crawford's explanation that he first met O'Rahilly during those first few months of 1963.
We do know from independent Texas sources that Ronan O'Rahilly made a secret trip from Heathrow to Idlewild (New York), and from there to Houston (Texas) and finally to Galveston Island (Texas) in June 1963 on behalf of Allan Crawford. We know where Ronan O'Rahilly stayed in Houston, and we know that he bought a pair of cowboy boots. We know who he saw and what he did, and why he was sent on this obviously paid-for expensive business trip.
When O'Rahilly returned to London, lawyers for Allan Crawford set about registering a new company called Project Atlanta Limited which initially only had two directors. It became active on August 1, 1963. Stevens claimed in the TV program that the Radio Caroline venture had begun in September-October 1963.
Another key date is November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas when President John F. Kennedy was murdered. His alleged killer was named as Lee Harvey Oswald who had been in London back on October 9, 1959, and Oswald was then shot and killed by Jack Ruby on November 24, 1964. This compressed timeline is very significant because it relates to the birth and death of the original purpose behind the creation of Radio Caroline, as I explained in yesterday's blog.
Back to the 'World in Action' TV program of Tuesday, May 12, 1964 on Granada TV: You can see this program for yourself at:
Now let's refocus our attention of F.W. Broadribb. Do you know who this man is? I do and he is part of a chain of people who all have one thing in common: publishing. Not radio, not electronics, it is publishing. All of this was explained in great detail to Paul Rusling before he published his absurd book, but as Paul confessed, student he is not. Reader, he is not. So the key person in this publishing chain is misnamed by Paul Rusling.
However, there are more components to this story.
I told you that it was complex, and it is. Another strand is electronics, and that strand leads back to the British Broadcasting Corporation via just about every attempt prior to Radio Caroline, to get an offshore station on the air aimed at a British audience.
But the most over-exaggerated strand concerns the teen audience that was supposedly the reason why Radio Caroline was created. While British teens did their best to imitate various forms of American music, and even independent record producers like Joe Meek were having major hits which just a handful of years later Ronan O'Rahilly claimed was an impossibility.
It was not a demand for teenage music that put Radio Caroline on the air, that was already being transmitted by BBC and ITV. The Beatles were already riding high! No, the real force behind Radio Caroline came from within a faction of the British Establishment, and it was a faction that went straight into Buckingham Palace!
Peter Sellers (4th from left), made this home movie 'starring' his wife Britt Ekland (1st on left); who is next to Lord Snowdon standing next to Princess Margaret, who was holding hands with Peter Sellers and he was joined to the Stevens while they all sang "We're riding along on the crest of a wave" in the back garden of the Stevens' home.
You can see this movie at:
One other major contributor came via Houston, Texas. This is where the brashness of Texas money which flowed from a combination of Texas ranching, and Texas oil, then in turn fueled Texas politics mixed with pre-millennial evangelical religion. All of that also opened yet another undercover door for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to walk into Europe and the British Isles.
As if these elements did not provide enough hostility to provoke negative reactions from within the British Establishment, CIA working relationships with American organized crime, which is known by various names depending upon its ethnic background, also used offshore radio as another means of advancing their own interests.
Tomorrow I will return to the subject of the book 'Radio Man'. I will reveal how 'The Trio' was derailed back in 2014, which of course allowed the hucksters to continue to peddle their nonsense for cash. As you are by now well aware, it was to counteract yet another barrage of fake history wrapped in a claim to being a 'bible' akin to the 'Holy Bible', which became the primary reason why I began this blog!
Due to the major additions and corrections that I have made to the contents of yesterday's blog, this edition will be very short. I will begin by referring you once more to page 497 of Paul Rusling's 'bible':
"Few have tried so hard to denigrate the Radio Caroline name and the reputation of Ronan O'Rahilly, as a small group that claims the original Radio Caroline finished in Autumn 1964 when the original backers lost interest, once Harold Wilson came to power."
That is not a true representation of the work published by 'The Trio', because there were several phases that the original Radio Caroline went through after it was created in 1964.
The first phase did end on October 15, 1964 when the socialist Labour Party government led by Prime Minister Harold Wilson, barely squeaked into office and took over day-to-day administration of the United Kingdom. The original purpose behind Radio Caroline had been to pressure the previous Conservative government into issuing land-based licences for sponsored commercial radio stations. Now that objective had been rendered null and void.
On the other hand, Paul Rusling dismissed the original promoters of Radio Caroline with these garbled words:
"It's true that some 'original backers such as CO Stanley, of the Pye group and William Harvey of the BPB dropped out at that time but they were small investors and never key players." (sic).
Rusling could not even get the names of the "original backers" right, and so it is not surprising that his dismissal does not even make grammatical sense.
Following the socialist Labour Party take over, a second phase began. The de facto management of Radio Caroline which controlled two ship radio stations, had a choice: They could close down, or they could wait and see if the slim majority that held the Labour Party in place, stayed in place, or whether a new election would return the previous Tory government to power. A decision was made to wait and see what would happen to the government, but they did so in a legislative climate in which the socialist Labour Party had made it very clear that they would not be introducing sponsored commercial broadcasting.
Just as this second phase began, a new wrinkle was added. That was when the obfuscated news stories about Radio Caroline resulted in Texas investors sending over a commercial radio on board ship that was modeled upon stations heard in Dallas. A merger of interests was discussed, but since the Radio Caroline faction was mired in deliberate deceit, and so there was no basis for honest negotiations to take place, and the people behind Radio Caroline were not willing to show their hand.
This stalemate which had been met with Texas competition, then resulted in Mafia-based overtures coming from New York to find temporary favor with the de facto management of Radio Caroline who were really treading water until the next General Election. But that phase also came to its conclusion on March 31, 1966 with another defeat of the Tories, and another win for the Labour Party who now had a solid working majority.
The original dream and purpose of Radio Caroline was dead. In the third and final phase that began on March 31, 1966, Radio Caroline sank into the depths of dystopian dysfunction when a bullet killed Reg Calvert of Radio City on June 21, 1966. At the same time matters were made worse when the same Texan adventurers showed up again, but this time with two more commercial radio stations on board one ship.
The end came midnight on August 14, 1967, when a new law made it illegal to operate offshore commercial radio from within the United Kingdom. There followed a twilight zone fourth phase which lasted a few months until both Radio Caroline ships were finally towed away on March 3, 1968, although the original Radio Caroline stations had already died months before on August 14, 1967.
Tomorrow I will return with details behind the mystery that was created for 'The Trio' in 2014, by the book called 'Radio Man'.
UPDATED, REVISED AND EXPANDED 3/28/2020
This is where my Review of Rusling's book now resumes and it connects with the preamble that I have been creating over the last few days.
This is a very, very complex story that stretches over decades.
I am referring to an investigation into the origins of Radio Caroline (1964-1967), and not only to the untangling of Paul Rusling's plagiarized book. Rusling has turned a story that was already complicated, into a tangled web of multiple strands of deceit which stretches back over a long period of time!
There are two different storylines involved, and now I am bringing them together.
The first storyline involves the true events that led to the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964, and so far, no one has uncovered enough of the details in order to explain who, what, why, when and how Radio Caroline came into existence. To show his total ignorance due to his inability to understand the circumstances and events that led to its creation, on page 497 of his 'bible' with a total of 508 pages of mush, this is what Rusling wrote:
"Few have tried so hard to denigrate the Radio Caroline name and the reputation of Ronan O'Rahilly, as a small group that claims the original Radio Caroline finished in Autumn 1964 when the original backers lost interest, once Harold Wilson came to power."
There is no doubt that the "small group" that Rusling refers to is 'The Trio'. Rusling has made it known that he does not read history books and that he does not perform his own research. He obviously does not attempt to verify the rubbish that he uses to fleece his paying customers The quotation on page 497 is an example of nonsense that is clearly aimed at 'The Trio', and as you will learn, Paul Rusling has walked into a trap of his own making.
To justify his claims that he ascribes to a "small group", Paul Rusling wrote:
"It's true that some 'original backers such as CO Stanley, of the Pye group and William Harvey of the BPB dropped out at that time but they were small investors and never key players." (sic)
It would have been helpful if Rusling could even get names right, but he can't, as his statement (above) plainly shows. However, his biggest problem is a total lack of comprehension. A total lack of education in the very subject that he is trying to teach others - for pay! What a con-artist Rusling is!
I have seen the textual trail that leads from the 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter into Rusling's computer, and I have seen the email correspondence between the editor of that newsletter and Paul Rusling. Because Rusling was part of the Malcolm Smith team that caused Garry Stevens to suddenly turn against 'The Trio' and back Malcolm Smith, Paul Rusling felt the pressure to rush into print-on-demand as fast as possible with his book of nonsense.
It is nonsense because it does makes sense, and it does not make sense because Rusling does not understand how and why Radio Caroline was created and who engaged Ronan O'Rahilly to spin misinformation. So when Rusling saw some data that did not fit in with the mythology to which he had been exposed, he dismissed it out of hand.
These doyens of original obfuscation were led by Ronan O'Rahilly. But since O'Rahilly was paid for his services to paper-over a mystery and turn a complex story into a tale for simpletons, I am wondering how much of the true story Ronan O'Rahilly actually knew? After all, his job was to spin a tale, not to engage in deep political machinations and become a part of the original plot, because clearly Ronan O'Rahilly was out of his depth.
One reason for the mystery surrounding the creation of Radio Caroline is that the actual events were intentionally obscured, and I don't mean by one person or even by one fake storyline. I mean that several people have been involved at muddying the waters concerning actual events because they did their best not to leave a paper trail.
Now add to that a layer of intentional obfuscation. One of the those people hired in the early days included Ronan O'Rahilly. His job was to make sure that no one came to understand the true story behind the creation of Radio Caroline. To do this, O'Rahilly was given assistance in the person of Ian Cowper Ross who served as a scriptwriter to O'Rahilly, and as the years went by he began to appear on the stage as a spin-master in his own right.
The fact that it has been necessary to keep this deception going, decades after the demise of Radio Caroline, shows that whatever was being concealed back in 1964, is being deliberately concealed today. This fact alone shows that this has never, ever been a story about pop music or 'pirate radio stations' playing pop music for pop music starved teenagers. This is something much deeper than that, but that is the mythology that is still being perpetuated with the help of a subset of people engaged in the vanity of self-promotion.
These people had nothing whatsoever to do with actual events that led up to the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964, and by 'events' I mean the political and financial events. Some members of this subset were hired to run aspects of the original twin Radio Caroline stations, but their knowledge was limited to their own experiences.
Unfortunately for them, they collided with another group who jumped onto the bandwagon of self-puffery, and out of sheer vanity they decided to tell everyone the "true story" about which they actually had no knowledge. So this lot of blockheads absorbed the original misinformation to which they had been exposed, and then they added their own spin, and all of that led to more confusion.
These people are the real culprits behind the ongoing deception, and now leading the pack is Paul Rusling. These people became a cult of self-appointed "experts" who have regularly appeared on radio, television and in the press regaling everyone with their "inside" information. It is a process of obfuscation that is still going on, because after each bogus "revelation" or bogus "recall" of events, another layer of deception is added to the original stockpile of fables. As part of that ongoing process we have now witnessed the recent publication of two new major feature stories which have appeared in the 'Mirror' and 'Sun' newspapers.
Well that is the surface storyline, the first storyline that 'everyone knows', but what 'everyone knows' is actually a lot of nothing, because the real storyline has never been revealed. Until now. This brings me to the second storyline, which is the real storyline, and the people who have been trying to uncover it are the people that I now refer to as 'The Trio'.
My reason for referring to them as a group is because the trolls who have emerged from the Garry Stevens' Forum in support of Rusling and Smith, have tried to create the impression that only one individual is opposing them. Rusling and Smith have also pushed the message that this same individual has no credible track record as an investigative journalist, and after every attempt to point these detractors to publications and broadcasts that contradict their claims, they have chosen to ignore the evidence and repeat their fake propaganda.
Therefore, rather than play their silly games I am ignoring their emails which they also send to me via their cult-like "followers".
You may well ask: then why bother with Paul Rusling and his 'bible'?
The answer is that Paul Rusling stole intellectual research material from 'The Trio' and then repackaged it. Why? To support a commercial venture that benefits a tiny licensed UK radio station that calls itself 'Radio Caroline', as well as a rusting hulk called 'Ross Revenge'. Their project requires volunteer support, and that support comes from the creation of mythology that Rusling has provided and which is then further amplified by mainstream newspapers such as the 'Mirror' and 'Sun'.
Rusling, Smith and Stevens have created a package of deceit aimed at drowning out the investigation into the real story behind the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964. They were aided in their quest by two events: one was a book, and the other one was a lecture.
The cover of the book that halted their investigation is pictured to the left. Inside this book of 356 pages is a single paragraph of note, and in appears on page 276.
This book called 'Radio Man' contradicted everything that the 'The Trio' thought that they knew about the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964. This book is not just a biography about Charles Orr Stanley and the Pye Group of companies that he built, it is also a book of further obfuscation about both Stanley and Pye.
'Radio Man' was authored by a reputable journalist who in turn was supported by a person had previously published technical articles about electronics and the history of the Pye group of companies. Furthermore, the motivating force behind the creation of this book is the grandson, and son of the principal characters who formed the basis for the book itself, and it was published by the prestigious Institute for Electrical Engineers (which no longer exists under that name.)
In no way can that book be compared with the do-it-yourself authorship of Paul Rusling's 'bible' which lacks even a surface credibility. However, behind the creation of 'Radio Man' is another dark secret which in one sense goes to the reason why the book started off as a project to memorialize C. O. Stanley and his son John Stanley.
Before this book was brought into existence there was no overall history of the Pye Group of companies, and part of the reason for that is that those companies were snuffed out by the Philips Group based in Holland. For whatever the reason, and I don't know the reason, and neither does Nicholas Stanley who commissioned 'Radio Man': the official company archives of the Pye Group of companies appear to have been destroyed.
However, when Nicholas Stanley came into possession of his father's and his grandfather's own documents relating to the Pye Group activities, he was able to turn over to Mark Frankland who wrote the manuscript, and to Gordon Bussey who assisted him with technical details; a vast amount of information which was then relegated to over forty bankers boxes. These boxes were then put into storage.
But that is not all that Nicholas Stanley gave Mark Frankland to work with, because the most important element from the standpoint of the ongoing investigation by 'The Trio' into the origins of Radio Caroline, was an interview that was personally conducted by Nicholas Stanley. This is information that Nicholas Stanley did his best to conceal from 'The Trio', as you will now begin to learn for the first time because it is the key to unlocking a mystery into the origins of Radio Caroline. Without this 'key' it is impossible to understand what happened back in the years 1962 and 1963 when the elements that gave birth to Radio Caroline in 1964, all came together for the first time
Now that Paul Rusling has "played his hand" by publishing his plagiarized work as a scrambled pile of words that tell the reader nothing, but which do instill even more confusion, it is possible for the first time in public to reveal what this 'key' is, and why it is so important to an understanding of the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964. For this we need to go back in time to the year 2014 and a visit to a museum in the Scottish Kingdom of Fife on Saturday, October 25 of that year.
It was exposure to one lone paragraph in that entire book called 'Radio Man' which jerked the rug from underneath a prepared lecture due to be delivered by Mervyn Hagger (shown right). His audience were expecting to hear the story about the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964, but instead they heard an apology from Mervyn Hagger.
Up until that moment in time, 'The Trio' had concluded that the history of Radio Caroline (1964-1967) was settled, because there seemed to be some sort of continual thread following the person of Ronan O'Rahilly, although that thread was not a continuous strand because it stopped and started for various lengths of time after 1967.
However, providing that the foundation for the accepted story about the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964 is not questioned, then the story about Ronan O'Rahilly as its creator can still be accepted as being true, although various aspects of that story are already proven to be untrue. But without that interpretative foundation at all. There is no continuation. Instead, there are a number of groups who have used the name 'Radio Caroline' to describe their own unrelated ventures.
But even then, the story of offshore radio between the years 1964 and 1967 as heard in the British Isles is far from settled. Problems about the authenticity of information relating to that period and those events have also arisen, such as the time when Don Pierson inexplicably went into 'quiet orbit' when asked during an audio interview about the involvement of U.S. Senator John Tower (left) with Radio England and Britain Radio. That subject, 'The Trio' came to learn, was "off limits" to them, if they wanted to maintain their friendship and business relationship with Don Pierson; but it was not off limits years later to a friend of 'The Trio' who lived in Norway and who kept resurrecting that same question.
For some reason this friend had an obsession with the story behind one of Don Pierson's offshore radio ships. It was called 'Olga Patricia' and this Norwegian kept on asking that same question over and over again, and that question went all the way back to U.S. Senator John Tower and his involvement with the 'Olga Patricia'.
A little background information: Mervyn Hagger was in the USA when the 'Watergate Hearings' had taken place in 1973 and they transfixed the Nation, because its population followed the gavel-to-gavel investigation on both 'live' television and radio. Those Hearings eventually brought about the resignation of President Nixon in 1974, and then, just a short time later in 1975, the Church Committee of which John Tower was a Co-Chair, began investigating the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), again on 'live' television. On May 9, 1975, CIA Director William Colby was in the hot seat and the subject was covert operations including CIA assassination projects.
Up until that moment in 2014, 'The Trio' had documented the history of offshore broadcasting during the 1960s that targeted the British Isles. Again, until that moment in time it seemed that it was a story about American money and know-how which centered around the person of Don Pierson who lived in Eastland, Texas. After 2014 it became apparent that Don Pierson had fallen for the mythology spun by Ronan O'Rahilly, and it revealed a tragic story that had disastrous consequences for both Don Pierson, and his Texas investors.
Don Pierson had not only become involved with 'The Trio' in a revival project based upon his 1965 station that became known as 'Wonderful Radio London'; but he had also turned over to 'The Trio' his financial and legal files from the Nineteen Sixties. 'The Trio' had pushed ahead over the years by documenting in a variety of publications, everything that they knew about the commercial side of American offshore broadcasting to the British Isles.
Now we move ahead after 1980 when Mervyn Hagger began working with Don Pierson, first on a publishing venture, and then on a revival of Radio London. Because Don Pierson had previously been involved in a free port venture in Haiti (see http://foundthreads.com/12.html ) which involved the regimes of 'Papa Doc' and his son, and which they had expropriated, Don Pierson was still trying to get compensation with the help of the U.S. Government. By then William Colby had 'retired' as head of the CIA and so Don Pierson hired him as an attorney to deal with his claims against Haiti.
Therefore, in one sense, it was no surprise when the door to the Texas publishing office opened and Mervyn Hagger found himself shaking hands with Bill Colby. In a sense it was interesting event, but not a major event, and time passed by. Then came the verboten interview with Don Pierson and his reaction to the question about John Tower. This was followed by the drip, drip, drip question from the friend in Norway. Those questions went unresolved and no follow-up ensued.
But one day, the friend in Norway who had a major interest as a hobby in the history of Don Pierson's ship called 'Olga Patricia', received an unsolicited email from someone he had never heard of in Canada. As it turned out, that person had both an interest in firearms and in the assassination conspiracy theories involving John F. Kennedy. This Canadian correspondent sent to the Norwegian friend an email attachment from declassified CIA archives that revealed the involvement of the Olga Patricia in a covert war led by U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who was the brother of the President John F. Kennedy.
The declassified CIA document sent to the Norwegian and then to 'The Trio' , related to the same covert action which caused Bill Weaver to take the Mi Amigo to Galveston Island in Texas. That is the ship that Ronan O'Rahilly went to see in June 1963 on behalf of Allan James Crawford. But there is an interesting wrinkle in O'Rahilly's story.
First of all the only reason we know about O'Rahilly's visit: who he saw, and what he did, is because of Bill Weaver and Glenn Callison. Both men were both involved with Radio Nord, and both men met Mervyn Hagger and told him about O'Rahilly's visit.
But that visit by Ronan O'Rahilly coincided with the visit to the Republic of Ireland by a person who Ronan O'Rahilly later claimed was a major influence in his life. Therefore I therefore find an amazing contradiction in O'Rahilly's behavior: because when JFK made his visit to Ireland, O'Rahilly seems to have ignored it. In fact, the visit of JFK took place around the same time that O'Rahilly made his secret trip to Texas on behalf of Allan Crawford.
Back in the days when Ronan O'Rahilly was in charge of the thought processes running through own his brain, O'Rahilly began to claim a big admiration for John F. Kennedy, and from this supposed admiration came the mythology that he had named Radio Caroline after JFK's little daughter Caroline. We now know that is sheer rubbish, but then we also know that O'Rahilly's claim to almost worship the ground that the Kennedys walked upon, is also sheer rubbish.
Let us remember that President Kennedy made a visit to the Republic of Ireland at about the time that Ronan O'Rahilly was in London, and then took off for Galveston via Houston via Idlewild (New York) from Heathrow, and yet, so far, I have not found any mention by O'Rahilly of that visit by Kennedy. O'Rahilly would not get another opportunity to shake hands with John F. Kennedy on the soil of Ireland or anywhere else, because later that same year, JFK was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas.
Swirling around all of this was the secret CIA war that JFK's brother had been running out of his office to topple Fidel Castro; while his brother had been claiming in public, that after the 1961 abortive 'Bay of Pigs' invasion of Cuba by CIA interests and Cuban expats that this secret war against Cuba had been brought to a halt. But JFK lied, because his brother Bobby was still in command of a CIA 'Augmented' faction that was attacking Cuba and specifically targeting Fidel Castro.
Now, this is where things get really messy, because not only did Bill Weaver bring the Bon Jour, renamed Magda Maria, renamed Mi Amigo from Europe to Galveston Island; he did so upon request of RFK as part of the Kennedy's continuing secret war against Cuba. But, when it was discovered that the Mi Amigo was too small for its intended use, the ship later used by Don Pierson and called 'Olga Patricia', was used instead.
Where did RFK retrieve the Olga Patricia from? The answer is a USAF 'pen' in South Miami which adjoined a huge CIA base disguised as a research operation, that was located on the campus of the University of Southern Miami.
The reason why it was under the control of the U.S. Air Force, is because it was used to launch helium balloons carrying propaganda materials to be dropped on Cuba. It is ironic that the CIA facility was based on the vacated area once used a helium storage operation because the company under contract to work on the Olga Patricia, was the same company that outfitted the Communicator with helium balloons. That was during early broadcasts by the offshore radio station called Laser in which Paul Rusling had become involved. Rusling loves to shout about that venture as well in his earlier publications, but of course, like his 'bible', Rusling's version of events have to be carefully re-examined.
But back to JFK and RFK and their new invasion of Cuba. It was scheduled for December 1, 1963, and it would have followed a coup d'etat and the toppling of Fidel Castro. But then on November 22, 1963, JFK was killed in Dallas.
Then the person who was fingered as his assassin was conveniently disposed of when he was shot in plain sight while surrounded by the press in the underground garage of the Dallas Police Department.
At that moment both the Mi Amigo and Olga Patricia became a thorn in the side of both RFK and the CIA's token minders. The Mi Amigo was then sent back to Europe, and if the Olga Patricia had not been diverted to other uses, it is possible that the Olga Patricia could have become the ship that served as the base for Radio Caroline, rather than the motor vessel 'Fredericia'.
However, after Don Pierson finished with the ship as the home of Radio England and Britain Radio, the Olga Patricia, minus its radio equipment, returned to raiding the island of Cuba! That ship was even denounced as a CIA ship by Fidel Castro personally during a long speech broadcast by Radio Havana. But all of that is another part of the story that Paul Rusling won't tell you, because it spoils his fake narrative.
Clearly I have strayed too far away from the story behind the story of that book 'Radio Man' which gummed everything up in 2014, and because that is a subject all by itself, it will have to wait until tomorrow and the next installment of my blog.
Note: I have edited my original version of this blog.
UPDATED AND EXPANDED EDITION
I noticed that yesterday, someone named Mike Hunt started a new thread about me on the Garry Stevens' Forum. That was just after I re-posted a comment by Scottg, and then followed it up with a new commentary by me.
My own blog was about how organized opposition began, during the middle of last year, to anyone who began to reveal the true story behind the creation in 1964 of Radio Caroline. That organized opposition, and it was definitely coordinated opposition, began over on the Garry Stevens' Forum.
In his opening post yesterday, Mike Hunt asked about me: "Any former connection with radio, I wonder?" I don't know who Mike Hunt is, or why he wants to know, but here is my response to his question:
I was born in Denton, Texas, which is slightly northwest of the Fort Worth and Dallas Metroplex, and I have an uncle who is in the antiques business which is to northeast of Denton. Indirectly that is how and where my interest began in the subject of offshore radio broadcasting, which actually occurred, in conjunction with my interests in journalism.
My uncle (Tom), knew one of the members of 'The Trio', and at one time that person also lived in Texas but now lives in a neighboring State to Washington, D.C. The District of Columbia is like a mini pseudo State. However, I don't want to identify that northern State right now, because I don't want to cause a diversion that leads to the harassment of that individual. In case you are wondering, no, it's not the person that a lot of people on the Garry Stevens' Forum are in the habit of bad-mouthing, and yes, there really is a core trio.
Back to my uncle in the Lone Star State. If you go over to Google Earth, you will find a little place called Scotland in Northern Texas.
In Texas, everything that is incorporated as a community, is called a city and Scotland is no exception. Scotland, Texas even has its own U.S. Post Office (shown above), and it where my uncle gets his local mail!
But then there is also a Paris, Texas and a Corsicana, Texas; a Midlothian, Texas and a Venus, Texas. There is even a Edinburg, Texas that was originally known by another name but in 1919 it was renamed after a shooting. So the locals called in Edinburg (minus the 'h'), in honor of a prominent local businessman named Young was was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburg, Texas is almost on the southern border of Texas with Mexico, while Scotland, Texas is more in line with the northern border of Texas and the State of Oklahoma. (You can put about three islands of Great Britain into the geography of Texas if you measure in kilometers.)
Anyway, Scotland, Texas (north of Dallas), is connected by U.S. Route 281 that almost divides the USA into two halves: west and east. That highway (its not a freeway which you call a motorway), but it goes all the way from the Texas border with Mexico in the south, to U.S.A border with Canada in the north.
If you know anything about the subject of offshore radio broadcasting and its inter-connectivity with the State of Texas, then you know that Wichita Falls, Texas played a very big part in the creation of Radio London; Radio England and Britain Radio. If you were driving north from Scotland, Texas on U.S. 281, you would be heading towards Wichita Falls, Texas (not to be confused with the City of Wichita in the State of Kansas.)
Texas is full of very small and obscure places like Vernon (populaton 11,000) and Wink (population 940). Vernon is northwest of Wichita Falls close to the Oklahoma border, and it is where Roy Orbison was born, although he grew up in Wink which is diagonally southwest of Dallas and part of a huge area geographically described by the 'Big O' as the land of "oil fields, oil, grease and sand".
If you drew a horizontal line with a shaky hand from Wink, you would come to Corsicana, Texas which is famous for 'heavy-duty' Christmas fruit cakes which it mails all over the world. Midway along that same line providing your hand created a little upper 'bump' you would locate Abilene where Don Pierson was Chairman of its bank.
Then, if you drew another line going northwest from Corsicana to Fort Worth, well midway you would come to Midlothian, which became the location for a cement manufacturing plant, but its local newspaper editor William Penn Jones put it on the map of infamy for promoting one of the earliest conspiracy theories about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. That took place less that thirty miles away to the northeast in Dallas.
It was Penn Jones who, shortly after the assassination, began to raise questions about the location of Lee Harvey Oswald during the time of Kennedy's murder. But another person with a strange name and an interesting pedigree named Jones Harris, also showed up within days of the killing and he began asking more questions about the location of Lee Harvey Oswald during that event.
In fact, the assassination John F. Kennedy took place in the middle of events leading up to the creation of Radio Caroline which had very strong ties to Dallas, Texas. But few people who want to know about the real history of Radio Caroline seem to understand that its advent did not take place in a political vacuum.
A lot of people in England are really surprised to learn that Lee Harvey Oswald had shown up at Southampton, just before the British offshore story began to emerge.
Central to this timeline about offshore radio, and especially the creation of Radio Caroline, there was a ship which had been known as Bon Jour renamed Magda Maria. Managing that ship from a hotel in London during 1962, was Charles W. (Bill) Weaver from Texas. He was Gordon McLendon's representative, and he had been sent to shut down Radio Nord which had been anchored off the coast of Sweden in the Baltic Sea. The ship was then moved to the North Sea and it dropped anchor off Brightlingsea, Essex.
Then, just as the Cuban Missile Crisis began in late 1962, Weaver was told to bring the ship to Galveston Island, Texas, as part of a 1963 top secret mission headed by U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. The ship then gained a further name change when it became Mi Amigo.
In the closing hours of 1963, the Mi Amigo left Galveston, Texas to begin a voyage that would eventually return it to the North Sea. It dropped anchor at almost the same location that it had occupied in 1962, but in !964 it again became a radio broadcasting ship, first as home to Allan Crawford's Radio Atlanta, and then as Radio Caroline South.
Jones Harris later teamed up with Bill Weaver to write a very controversial book about Radio Nord and the assassination of President Kennedy. In some ways the Weaver book is similar to the first book by Ian Cowper Ross, because both books attempt to obfuscate the real story about Radio Caroline.
Now, you may be asking: How does this tangled mess relate to Caroline Brooks?
What is it that 'The Trio' have uncovered that is so dangerous to so many people that they do not want it to be reported?
Well, I began today's blog by turning the clock back to 2014, because in that year 'The Trio' were ready to go ahead with a new book called 'YesterAir: the origins of American and British broadcasting'. Then they ran into a roadblock. Fortunately for me it will be very difficult for my critics to dispute the following details, because they have been available Online since at least 2015, and you can still access them at Jon Myer's 'Pirate Radio Hall of Fame' by going to this link:
Read down to the end of the 'Introduction' in the first paragraph.
There is an asterisk that I have colored red, and it links to this footnote below it:
"*This new title, which will be available through The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame, is scheduled for publication during 2015 and it incorporates both new sections and updated comparative monographs which have been previously published by their authors: Eric Gilder and Mervyn Hagger, who are also responsible for the content recital on this page."
Originally 'YesterAir' was to have been published in late 2015, but then the mystery that prevented this from happening began to drag on and on and on.
It was not as though 'The Trio' were not searching for the answer. They were, and they were aided by a co-ventured sponsorship of that research by one of the most, if not the premier Offshore Radio publication that is known for its honesty in reporting.
Clearly my blog for today is going to have to be continued tomorrow because there are too many details that I want to share. The importance of that information is also the reason why I am reviewing Paul Rusling's book and exposing the fraud that it is trying to perpetuate.
My reason for interrupting my own page-by-page review of his book, is because you have not read this information before, unless you received the now defunct 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter. The reason why 'YesterAir' has not been published until now, is because of the roadblocks that were placed in the way of the investigation.
I will reveal that process of censorship tomorrow.
Tomorrow I will also begin to explain how those roadblocks and Rusling's theft, came together in an 'explosion' of yelling and name calling that took place last year on the Garry Stevens' Forum, and its co-Forum that Stevens called "The Joke Board".
The obvious answer to my headline question appears to be tied to events on the Garry Stevens' Forum that took place during the middle of last year.
It was in 2019 when a mounting crisis began to cause a chain reaction which led to an obvious split within the Garry Stevens' Forum, that divided its participants into two camps. The trigger mechanism causing this division was the increasing participation by one individual who is a member of 'The Trio' that I am working with.
The two camps can be described as those who supported the status quo (the majority), and a small faction led primarily by one individual, who was part of 'The Trio' who is trying to uncover the true story about the events that led up to the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964. At first, Garry Stevens remained neutral, and then he drifted to supporting the smaller group via a series of emails. Garry Stevens went so far as to call those who opposed continuing research, nothing more than trolls.
Well these 'trolls' who would not discuss the issues, and especially the core issue that Ronan O'Rahilly was a fraud because he had built his reputation upon being nothing more than being a paid spin-doctor with the job of promoting lies and deceit as an alternative explanation for the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964, then revived another Forum which Garry Stevens immediately branded as 'The Joke Board'. Since supporters of both Garry Stevens' Forum and this 'Joke Board' used multiple pseudonyms to cover their true identities, a certain amount of posting by the same people continued on both Boards. But when the 'Joke Board' began attacking Garry Stevens personally, he then went further and branded them as the 'Church of Caroline'.
The focal point of this split involved a quasi-religious doctrine, just like one of the 'New Age' groups of the Seventies, which in a sense was fitting, because at one time they had gathered around an idiotic cult mantra called 'Loving Awareness'. This group contained members who volunteered to preserve a former radio ship called 'Ross Revenge'. The former fishing ship had become a hulk, because it did not have a working engine. In the 1980s it became the home of a station which adopted the name of 'Radio Caroline', even though it had no connection to the original twin stations called Radio Caroline that broadcast offshore from 1964 to 1967 from two ships. One of those ships, the original motor vessel 'Caroline', was eventually scrapped, and the other ship gradually sank after its rusted out hull could no longer resist the water that surrounded it.
Sensing a need to link the Radio Caroline stations of 1964-1967, to a newly licenced (by the UK government), very small (1kW) community station that also called itself 'Radio Caroline', its supporters/followers seem to have adopted a sort-of Dan Brown idea. They turned Ronan O'Rahilly into the de facto high priest of their 'Church of Caroline' by claiming that his 'bloodline' was the fluid that connected all of the ages. This idea actually contradicted a statement by O'Rahilly where he had claimed that a licence for 'his' 'Radio Caroline' would only be obtained over his 'dead body'.
But since O'Rahilly has dementia of such an advanced stage that he cannot verbally communicate with anyone and spends his time sitting in his garden when the weather and his carer permit him to do so, O'Rahilly for all purposes other than his own biological survival, no longer exists, and when he did exist, he told lies, for pay.
So instead of O'Rahilly, another character named Malcolm Smith, who calls himself Peter Moore, managed to get the hulk called 'Ross Revenge', turned over to him. Together with a UK licence for a tiny community station that he calls 'Radio Caroline', he uses the hulk as a rallying point for his own followers. These are the followers that Garry Stevens called the 'Church of Caroline'.
Well things got so heated that Garry Stevens told the trolls to go to the 'Joke Board; and stay there. At the same time he made a member of 'The Trio' one of his Administrators. During this same period of time Paul Rusling was engaging with 'The Trio' by reading their newsletters and even visiting with the person that Garry Stevens had made his Administrator.
Then suddenly, quite suddenly, within the course of a few hours on one day in 2019, Garry Stevens reached an accord with Malcolm Smith and stopped all questions about the legitimacy of Smith's small volunteer radio station. Stevens then turned against 'The Trio'. He never offered one word of explanation.
It was at that moment in time and just as suddenly, that Paul Rusling popped-up with news about his book "The Radio Caroline Bible'. Knowing that 'The Trio' had been tipped-off about his theft of intellectual property, Rusling tried to reach an accord.
But since Rusling was also in bed with Malcolm Smith in order to create the lie in print that his tiny little radio station and his "rusting hulk" were connected to the original Radio Caroline, that accord was impossible.
Tomorrow I will tell you about why this search for information got underway in 2014, the story behind a book that 'The Trio' had planned to publish in 2015, which has now become a project involving a succession of new books, rather than just one. They will join others aimed at the academic market which are already in print.
In case you did not see his comment I will re-post it here. (I will be back later on today with another blog update as well that will continue the Rusling Review.) Here's what Scottg wrote:
3/24/2020 06:21:11 am
Caroline, The RSL from Dover in 1992, celebrated 20 years of 'Radio Caroline', they easily could have said 28 years! Therefore the current organisation can only claims links (to the name, 'CAROLINE') from Holland onwards. However this is not quite true. Although transmittions came from the Mi Amigo, from 24-7-73 to 23-2-74, the name Radio Caroline was not used, (they used Radio Seagull), The timeline again is broken. In fact the current organisation using the name are the people who did the supply runs when it returned to the Knock Deep in 1974, and especially when 'Radio Mi Amigo' and laterly when 'Radio Monique' closed. The earliest that I can place for current DJ's is Nigel Harris (Stuart Russell 15-5-76). As for Paul Alexander (Rusling), he only broadcast between 4th-26th June 1973 (66hrs total) on Radio Caroline. (source: Monitor (Buster Pearson)). Scottg.
I thought long and hard about using the word "evil" in the headline to today's blog, and here is the reason why I chose that word.
First of all it fits in with the Hans Knot description of Rusling's 'bible' as being akin to the Christian religion's 'Holy Bible'. That book has quite a lot to say on the subject of "evil", which in general terms is defined as being something that causes harm, and deceit. Lies and theft would certainly fall into that category.
So the Rusling 'bible' qualifies, according to the Hans Knot equation, as being an "evil" book!
But, you say, "C'mon, this is just a book about a radio station on a ship", and on the surface this is just a book review about an inconsequentially self-published, and limited, print-on-demand book. But there is an underlying problem: At the moment there is no book in existence which tells the true story about how and why Radio Caroline was created in 1964, and who created it.
You may reply: "So what?"
You may also ask: "Who even remembers Radio Caroline, apart from a few old people who are rapidly dying off due to the attrition of old age, sometimes hastened by illness?"
But that is also a part of the problem, and why I chose to use the word "evil" to describe the actions of Rusling and Smith.
I will come back to this duo in just a moment, but first let me explain why the recent appearance of two feature stories in the 'Mirror' (top-right) and 'Sun' (below-left) should be of concern to anyone studying mass media at university today.
The creation of Radio Caroline was not a story about an obscure Irishman who wanted to record a very young and obscure musician, and then to get that record played on the airwaves accessed by listeners in the United Kingdom.
Yet that is the story, with variations, that has been repeatedly told in newspapers; magazines; books; radio and television programs, as well as one highly publicize motion picture.
This is also the propaganda message of Rusling and Smith.
If this was indeed a story about a very young and obscure musician, and a young promoter who tried to record that musician and then to get his record played on the airwaves, then of course this would be trivia.
But that is not what the story of Radio Caroline (1964-1967) was, nor is it what Rusling has teamed-up with Malcolm Smith to reproduce in this 'bible' in order to give substance to the mythology recently displayed in first the 'Mirror' and then the 'Sun' newspapers.
The narrative of trivia that Rusling has now concocted to link events that began on the air in 1964, with ongoing transmissions in 2020, is no less than the old 'trick' of 'smoke and mirrors' used by stage magicians. The audience is directed to pay attention to one narrative when they should be paying attention to a less than obvious narrative.
The false narrative in the Rusling-Smith version is harmless, and therefore it has a license from the government of the United Kingdom. But this is where questions have to be raised about why was that license granted?
The answer is that a marriage of convenience took place.
It is peculiar that Rusling even reveals how the original perpetrator of the mythology that "Radio Caroline continues", has ranted about never, ever accepting any license from the British government. (See page 408: "Any on land licence would have to be over my grave", Ronan O'Rahilly is reported to have said, according to Rusling in his 'bible'. However, it was O'Rahilly who was originally hired to spin the deceit about the true origins of Radio Caroline back in the Nineteen-Sixties.)
But the original reason why O'Rahilly was hired to spin deceit, is because of the inter-connected stories of geopolitics; national politics and international crime that wrapped themselves around the story about how and why Radio Caroline came into existence in 1964, and why it was finally snuffed-out in 1967.
Nuclear war and the laundering of stolen bonds plus assassinations, are not trivial matters. But if you are going to tell the story of Radio Caroline (1964-1967), that is the story you are going to have to tell, unless ....
Unless you hire a spin-doctor named Ronan O'Rahilly who was like a stage magician who told you to look "over here", when you should have looked "over there".
The UK governments (Tory and Labour) of the Sixties, wanted to close the book on Radio Caroline with a new law, and it did kill-off Radio Caroline on August 14, 1967.
But then the people who Rusling calls "supporters", and who for the most part were and are cult believers in the O'Rahilly mythology (which classifies it as a quasi-religion), kept resurrecting the name of 'Radio Caroline'. But what they were creating was not the resurrection of the original twin stations that operated between 1964-1967 known as Radio Caroline.
In their own way these later manifestations that adopted the name 'Radio Caroline' became a different sort of government problem, because the original 'problem' had been dealt with. But the lurking danger with these latter-day and mainly unpaid volunteer operations, was that by using the name 'Radio Caroline', there was always the danger that the real story about Radio Caroline would one day be told.
That day is now.
But, instead of welcoming publication of the true story which will not only debunk O'Rahilly, but embarrass the government of the United Kingdom who gave the Malcolm Smith followers a low-power licence that permitted the use of a land-base transmission calling itself 'Radio Caroline'; these followers, like trolls, are as hostile as can be. In fact, they have climbed into bed with the very governmental system that supposedly Ronan O'Rahilly was fighting!
The reason for cover-up is plain: Although a lot of the participants in the geopolitical Cold War age have now died off, some are still alive and many related issues which have geopolitical ramifications today, will have to be addressed - once the full picture is revealed. This makes the people in the shadows who really operate the corporation sole known as the British Crown, very unhappy. So you might say that by promising to "tell all", we have upset the angry trolls supporting Malcolm Smith on one side, and made the quiet men who really pull the political strings on the other side, more than a little nervous about whether our "revelations" will be taken seriously.
The trolls are dutifully yelling and have been doing so loudly since the middle of last year, that 'The Trio' will never publish the real story. They also ignore all of the broadcasts and publications by 'The Trio' which are available free of charge Online. Their response to this Review shows that they only engage in personal attacks, and never engage in a debate concerning the issues.
The response from these trolls who are doing the bidding of the very governmental system that their patron saint O'Rahilly denounces, will no doubt be just as shrill in response to this blog, and so I will probably be deleting more comments than I will permit to go Online.
It would seem that the people I referred to yesterday don't actually read what I write. They sort of skim through it and glean what they think that they can then twist to mean something completely different from their gleanings.
Yesterday, which was Sunday, I took a little break to confer with 'The Trio' regarding further analysis of Paul Rusling's 'bible'. The context of that conference was to refer to what has already been written in this Review, and to avoid giving away more information for Paul Rusling to plagiarize within additional print-on-demand production runs of his book.
Because the "The Trio' is in three time zones and I only share one of them, it took awhile but we eventually concluded two things:
Now we come to yesterday's blog and the information that I provided.
All of that information is still true, but as of tomorrow, unless this pandemic makes it impossible, I will be back to pick up where I left off in my detailed and precise review of Paul Rusling's plagiarized 'bible', and I will do so within the context of our new approach.
I receive many more abusive comments that are deleted before they ever appear Online, which makes me wonder why the people who take the time to write these insane comments, and must know that will never be read, bother to write them in the first place.. This brings me to this Review and to my comments of yesterday.
No matter how much evidence I reveal to these abusers, they seem set on the idea that this project is the work of one person when the evidence over the years proves that it is not, and not only that, but they then claim that this trio that I work with has never published anything a all, even though the evidence is available for all to see.
However, since I began this blog, the health crisis now officially been branded as a pandemic which now begun to interfere with my ability to write this Review. There is also the question of I can write this Review without revealing new information that may also be stolen.
Therefore, a new and serious publishing plan is being put into action whereby that information will be released as part of the continuing academic series. No doubt the same people who refuse to read the earlier academic work, will now refuse to read the new work by pretending that it does not exist.
Someone asked me about uploading new content and giving away research that could then be stolen. So the logical thing to do is pause a moment because that time in this Review has been reached where the real story behind Radio Caroline (1964-1967) either has to be told, or I simply avoid revealing the real story, and I just debunk the absolute rubbish in Rusling's 'bible'.
What is you opinion?
If you post rubbish it will never be put on line and it will be deleted. If you simply want to make stupid comments about me personally, those posts will also be deleted. If you suggest that I have written this because there is no new information, then those posts will also be deleted. So please, don't waste you time with insane comments using insane pen names.
My interest is in hearing from people who are genuinely interested in the story about how and why Radio Caroline came on the air in 1964 and why it left the air in 1967, never to return.
In answer to one person who is sending silly posts about me to other Forums, I usually write my next blog several hours before it is posted here, but your silly comments will be deleted and never put on line.
Although Paul Rusling switches topics on page 14 from the birth of '208' to the birth of the creation of ITA (another subject that Rusling does not understand at all); it is necessary to plunge even deeper into the subject of the commercial rebirth of Radio Luxembourg following the end World War II. But it comes with a caveat that I need to address in this edition of my ongoing blog.
In addition to the transcribed pre-'208' broadcasts by Herbert W. Armstrong on 'Radio Luxembourg I' (as the Long Wave service became known for a short time), and the transcribed broadcasts by Alan Freed; there were several other persons who all became key players in the story behind the first ITA franchises, and then the 1964 birth of Radio Caroline.
Although Rusling has set himself up as the 'expert' in the story of Radio Caroline, his 'expertise' about the creation of Radio Caroline was derived by him from plagiarized material which he did not and still does not understand. Perhaps he will after reading this Review, but that comes with this note of caution to him from me, to which I also want to draw your attention!
Paul Rusling has issued more than one version of the text of his 'bible' under the pretext that he is only issuing additional printings in two different formats (hardback and softback) of the same book. However, not only the layout of the hardback and softback versions differ; but so does the actual text that Rusling has used in his 'bible'. He has previously sent out extracts of the printed sections of his book that do not correspond with related sections that have also been issued by him.
It is also noted that Paul Rusling has stated that he will no longer be printing (and therefore selling) the softback edition that I am currently reviewing, once his present print-on-demand orders have been depleted. Therefore, as a caveat to my readers: if ANY of the material you are currently reading in my Review begins to appear in new editions of Rusling's 'bible' (see dates of each day's blog at the top of each page of my continuing Review), it will serve as prima facie evidence that Rusling's copyright violations by way of plagiarism, are continuing.
Because Paul Rusling does not comprehend the story of Radio Caroline, he does not understand the significance of the material that he has stolen. Therefore, although Paul Rusling was a recipient of the copyrighted 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter upon which he attempted to base his own "biblical" storyline; his refusal to read history books and/or perform his own research, has resulted in publication of his "biblical" storyline that does not make sense.
The problem for readers of Rusling's 'bible' is that if they are not already well-versed in this subject, then Rusling will only assist in cementing-into-place that which they think that they know about the birth of Radio Caroline, and therefore they will never come to understand that what they think that they 'know', they don't know at all! I realize that this may seem to be getting very complicated, and even to be delving into the proverbial 'splitting of hairs', but as you are about to learn, that which Rusling has omitted provides an understanding of why it was necessary for him to repeat previous fiction about Radio Caroline: while attempting to incorporate new material which he has stolen.
But in the instance of Radio Caroline, his mixture of myth and reality clash against other; they are not compatible at all. Thus, Rusling's 'bible' is far from being a true account of anything other than his own foibles, as this edition of my blog will begin to reveal, but it required me to lay down this foundation about why his missing information is important, just as his mythology is unimportant.
Please keep in mind that Rusling is not attempting to actually tell his paying readers the real story of Radio Caroline. Paul Rusling has formed a working arrangement with a man named Malcolm Smith. This relationship is revealed in Rusling's own words in his 'bible'.
It was Malcolm Smith who calls himself 'Peter Moore' who has laid legal claim to what is now the rusting hulk (by definition), of the ship that is pictured on the cover of Rusling's book. The new owner of that hulk is also in charge of the limited company registered in England, that operates a small, regional community radio station that has been licensed by the government of the United Kingdom, and adopted 'Radio Caroline' as its name.
This relatively new venture has no connection to the Radio Caroline twin stations that once operated from two ships between the years of 1964 and 1967, and the same is true of the rusting hulk that is known as 'Ross Revenge'. That is the vessel that is pictured on the cover of Rusling's 'bible'. However, the purpose of Rusling's book is to convince his paying readers that there is a connection.
Consequently Rusling found it necessary to convince his paying readers that a lot of proverbial 'square pegs' do fit into a lot of his 'round holes'. To perform this sleight-of-hand, Paul Rusling had to 'shave the truth', as I will begin to reveal in my ongoing Review.
Without informing his readers about British broadcasting developments immediately following the end of World War II in 1945, there is no way that Rusling's readers can ever comprehend the how and why in 1964, Radio Caroline came on the air. What is missing from the text of Rusling's 'bible' is information that reveals how several different strands of the same story originated in different geographical locations, and then came together in the year Nineteen Sixty Four.
That missing information is what I will begin to reveal in tomorrow's blog.
We now turn from page 13 to page 14, and in the opening paragraph a claim is made without qualification that "Chinese interests" own a 100kW station that is currently broadcasting from Mexico into California, USA. If we are generous and allow the author of that claim an "escape clause", we could admit that if those same "Chinese interests" were Mexican nationals of Chinese ancestry, then Rusling's statement would be true. However, the Government of Mexico does not allow foreign nationals to own its stations.
The original purpose and activities of those stations was long ago consigned to the past, and here I can write with first-hand knowledge.
The core trio I am working with to create my Review, once had plans to use a Mexican 'border-blaster' known as XERF at Ciudad Acuña, which owned a restored 250kW RCA transmitter. It was part of a project in the 1980s that was inspired and promoted by Don Pierson, who in 1964 created a station called 'Wonderful Radio London' which began broadcasting from a ship anchored off the coast of south-east England.
The new plan by Don Pierson, with his original Station Manager Ben Toney at the helm, was to begin leasing time incrementally over XERF and broadcast to the USA as 'Radio London, America'. Unfortunately a dispute began over the format. Originally WRLI was to be a CHR ('Contemporary Hit Radio') station, but economics steered this Texas project towards Country music, while others wanted it to play oldies for which commercial sponsorship was non-existent. Here are the PAMS jingles (click to play) that were made for the oldies version.
Then, as a follow-up these shows would be syndicated over other USA radio stations, and finally, a new ship-based project called 'WRLI' (Wonderful Radio London International), and a sister station called 'VFG' (Voice of the Free Gospel), would begin transmitting programs to the United Kingdom. That was the plan which was then put into motion when Ben Toney and Mervyn Hagger went to Del Rio, Texas (directly across the US-Mexico border of Ciudad Acuña, Mexico), to conclude a contract with the U.S. agent for XERF.
The involvement with XERF was quite extensive, and it led to plans that would have turned its broadcasting hours after midnight into transmissions of 'Radio London, America', while still giving English and Spanish station identifications as being transmissions via XERF. This was required by the laws governing broadcasts originating in Mexico; even when the programming originated from outside of Mexico. You can hear the beginnings of this entire plan being put into operation via a combined and back-to-back recording of the first and second broadcasts over XERF which began on Monday, August 13, 1984:
In addition to this information about the 'border-blasters' from Mexico, I have access to other documents relating the 'WRLI' related venture. It eventually morphed into an academic research project involving radio and television programs, newspaper articles, and various monographs.
Here is Genie Baskir in 1985; a core member of the trio that has been involved with this project since its inception. Genie is shown with co-anchor Jeff Houston, in the Texas studio of the 4FTN ('Four Freedoms Television Network'), which was a successor in research interest to the original ideas promoted by Don Pierson.
On page 14 (softback) of his book, Paul Rusling uses the reference to 'border-blasters' to launch into a discussion about the history of Radio Luxembourg with quick references to both the BBC and GPO. Since I have already covered the subject of both the BBC and its relationship to the GPO, and the GPO's relationship to the Crown as a corporation sole, I will not repeat it here.
However, by quickly glossing over the history of Radio Luxembourg, Paul Rusling misses several key elements that later manifest themselves in the history and development of offshore commercial broadcasting to the British Isles in the Nineteen Sixties. The first element that he avoided was the first manifestation of Herbert W. Armstrong in 1953 over the European airwaves via the longwave transmissions of the original Radio Luxembourg.
The second key element that Rusling does not refer to concerns the bone-fide transmissions over Radio Luxembourg on Saturday nights by Alan Freed. These shows were transcribed from WINS in New York City during 1956, and Mervyn Hagger was a devout listener. He accredits to Alan Freed his interest in both the excitement generated by Freed's style of personality presentation on radio, and Freed's promotion of authentic rock 'n' roll music which motivated Hagger to begin buying Freed promoted songs on 78 rpm discs at his local department store.
Freed called himself "Mister Rock 'n' Roll" and claimed that he had popularized the term as a substitute for 'Rhythm and Blues', but some called him the "King" with good reason. It was Freed who promoted the multi-racial enjoyment of rock 'n' roll music, and Freed ushered in the age of rock 'n' roll cameo presentations that became the forerunner of music videos.
Alan Freed spoke out against the violence depicted in 'Blackboard Jungle', while his own films were packaged into a harmless spate of motion pictures depicting teenagers having fun without violence. These movies were shown on cinema screens throughout the British Isles and they paved the way for his radio show on '208'.
In the end, it was the political and criminal aspects of the people that Freed associated himself with that brought about his demise which ended in the so-called 'payola' scandal. Sadly, Alan Freed died rather ignominiously without fanfare in Los Angeles; shortly before 'Beatlemania' crashed on to the American airwaves.
Because Rusling changes topic to the start of Independent Television in the UK on his next page (15), I will end today's blog here.
Hopefully, the Internet will not crash, and no more weird developments transpire overnight in what seems to be a real-to-life sci-fi horror movie that we are all currently living through. That being the case, I will present the latest edition to my Review here at this address, tomorrow!
UPDATED WITH A WRLI AUDIO LINK!
It is possible to write a new chapter just to correct the bucket-loads of baloney created at every turn of a Rusling page, and the beginning of his Chapter 2 on his page 13 (softback) is no exception to that opportunity.
There are so many mistakes in Rusling's 'bible' that to correct them all would result in a book that is longer in length than Rusling's original volume. Therefore my Review has to zero-in on the more problematical parts of his writings, which translated into practical terms means those parts that are so misleading that they cry-out for attention.
The title of his Chapter 2 is 'Commercial Radio Arrives', and in its opening paragraph Rusling begins by misleading his readers about Captain Leonard Plugge and his broadcasting company. It seems that in the first mention of this entity that Rusling is too lazy to bother to look up its name, and so he opts for what he thinks are its initials.
But either Rusling's eyesight, or his hearing, or his memory is not very good, because by whatever means he thinks that his mind obtained the name of Plugge's operation; either his senses, or his memory, or both, were not functioning properly. Consequently his readers are told by Rusling that Plugge formed a company that was simply called "IBS".
The problem is that it wasn't: it was the 'International Broadcasting Company' or 'IBC'.
However, in order to explain why Leonard Plugge set out to create a rival to the British Broadcasting Corporation, which emerged in 1927 from the wreckage of 1926 that was caused by the GPO to its predecessor the British Broadcasting Company Limited, it is necessary to refer back to the powers of the GPO once again. The original BBC company was formed in 1922 by mandate of GPO who also opened the door to the hiring of its managing director John Reith.
Now in order to explain why Leonard Plugge saw an opportunity to set himself up as a counterweight to John Reith, we have to explain more than just the passing reference given by Rusling at the bottom of his preceding page 12.
However, back in 2004, Gilder and Hagger had written an article titled: 'John Reith and the Feudal Values of British Broadcasting in a Modern Age.' It was published by the 'University of Bucharest Review', (issue: 01 / 2006 and pages 135 to 142), to which Rusling has had access.
The academic research work of Gilder and Hagger has been cumulative, meaning that questions they asked were answered by more questions. Since everything that the team of Gilder, Hagger and Baskir has been transparent, they even created a site explaining their methodology and its resulting series of endless questions which you can still read at http://yesterversity.com/YesterVersity-5.html
It begins with this headline: "More answers result in more questions", and it begins with this quotation: "We never stop investigating ... Every question we answer leads on to another question." Those are the words of Desmond Morris found in his 1967 best-seller, 'The Naked Ape'. All of this is part of a project called 'YesterStudies' beginning at http://yesterversity.com/
This process of cumulative writing has not come without problems, because it has become a delaying factor which has prevented the completion of a volume called 'Yesterday Never Happened: Dial 999 for Caroline'. However, as previously noted, a promotional video was created and it has been available for some time Online at http://radiocaroline.info
Therefore the information that Gilder, Hagger and Baskir had in 2004 about the GPO; BBC and John Reith that was published in 2006, has been superseded by their own writings in a series of documents that began in 2001 with a publication called 'London: My Hometown' (Gilder); and which have continued to this day.
Part of that research process involved publishing an email newsletter called 'Caroline Investigation', and one of its recipients was Paul Rusling. Another outlet was on 'Facebook' which also hosts a 'Caroline Investigation' page, but both the newsletter and 'Facebook' pages became dormant when others such as Brian Lister and now Paul Rusling began to use copyrighted research material by Gilder, Hagger and Baskir, as a means of disseminating their own distorted self-promoting plagiarized works for their own commercial purposes.
In their 2004 article (published in 2006), and beginning on page 136, we read that: "After Reith migrated to England, he answered an advertisement seeking a general manager for the British Broadcasting Company, Ltd. In 1922 this enterprise had been forced into existence by the British General Post Office (GPO) in order to create a commercial monopoly."
Moving on we read that: "While the GPO was under the control of Parliament, it owed its point of origination to powers delegated to it by the institution responsible for the Royal Mail that had been created under a Royal Prerogative." The next section which is described by the authors as a "murky chain" was clarified by one of their later works that was accepted for publication on September 8, 2015, by Hypercultura (ISSN 2285-2115) and titled 'The British Interregnum: a yesterday that never happened.'
In their monograph 'John Reith and the Feudal Values of British Broadcasting in a Modern Age', Gilder and Hagger wrote: "Beginning in 1869, Parliament began to reach back in time to build upon a convoluted series of existing laws that gave the General Post Office authority over the sending and receiving of written and printed correspondence. In that year GPO authority was extended to wired communication by telegraph and in 1904, it was further extended by an Act of Parliament to incorporate wireless telegraphy."
These monographs have always been very exact and precise and this one was no exception because it included the following descriptive application of the Wireless Telegraphy Act to mean that: "no person shall establish a wireless telegraph station; build a wireless telegraph station, install equipment at a wireless telegraph station or use equipment at a wireless telegraph station for the purpose of sending or receiving a signal for wireless telegraphy, without first obtaining a license from the Postmaster General."
This same article about Reith continues with these words: "The feudal historical theory behind these Acts is that the method of transmittal of information is not at issue; the transmission of information by any means is, being the domain of the Post Office and ultimately the Crown. At one time, this included the licensing of the printers and publishers of books and newspapers.
That monopoly originally enforced copyright control with the right to copy being subject to licensing and owed its origin to the Catholic Church Index of prohibitive works. Copyright licensing in England was originally intended to serve as an arm of Crown censorship enforcement but this authority was eventually transferred to the authors of the works to be copied.
When microphones were added to telegraph wires to create the telephone, the exchanges were interpreted as being “electronic Post Offices” and therefore within the domain of the GPO. When “modern” wireless telephony became possible this same premodern logic was applied, although it was later questioned because telegraphs and telephones served individuals while wireless telegraphy and telephony had a broadcast effect.
Administration of these electronic means of communication also came under the jurisdiction of the Committee of Imperial Defence, which had been created by Prime Minister Arthur Balfour in 1904 at the time of the Wireless Telegraphy Act. This Committee was formed by representatives from the Admiralty, War Office, Air Ministry, Treasury, India Office, Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Board of Trade and the General Post Office."
These monographs are very detailed, very precise and well documented. However, to avoid confusion in this Review, I have removed all referrals to the footnotes - which you can find in the original article that is Online and free to read.
In my preceding blog I referred to the creation of the General Electric Company; Radio Corporation of America and Electric and Musical Industries. You can find more detailed information about these entities in the Reith monograph on both pages 138 and 139, and in their accompanying footnotes.
In the last third of the text on page 139 you can read this sub-heading: 'Plugging Reith: NOT!' It is about Captain Leonard Plugge, MP and his International Broadcasting Company: IBC. If you want to read the real story about the rival stations created prior to WWII, I suggest you read this article because it contains information that you won't learn from the Rusling regalia of rubbish!
That's it for today, I hope to be here with another episode tomorrow.
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When we left off yesterday, we were on page 12 of Paul Rusling's eponymous 'bible' with its "poke in the eyes" of Christian theologians.
His 'bible' brings to mind this verse of Matthew 18:6. It is taken from the book that Rusling's endorser refers to as the 'Holy Bible' and a mere companion work to Rusling's own work:
"If anyone causes one of these little ones--those who believe in me--to stumble, it would be better for them to have a large millstone hung around their neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea."
While I am not directly nor indirectly advocating or implying any authoritarian belief or interpretative meaning as a result of reproducing those words; taken at their face value as just words on a page quoted from the New International Version of Hans Knot's 'Holy Bible', they do offer some form of light-hearted mirth for readers of Rusling 'bible'.
One can picture a vision of Paul Rusling sinking beneath his own waves of text upon which floats his eponymous radio ship. Rusling is drowning in penance to the deceived "little ones" who have come to him to learn about Radio Caroline (1964-1967, RIP), but who Rusling has caused to "stumble" in their understanding of the history of Radio Caroline.
Now, if you are getting rather 'ticked-off' by reading my citations of several biblical verses as part of this Review: blame Rusling for calling his work a 'bible', and blame his own promoter Hans Knot for comparing Rusling's work to the 'Holy Bible'. But is is the very nature of the self-serving and hypocritically sanctimonious Paul Rusling that "takes the cake" for having the gall; the effrontery, to claim that his work of plagiarism mixed with his own contrived rubbish, is in some ways an account of the true history of 'Radio Caroline', because it is not.
Beginning with the next page of his 'bible', Rusling begins to break into a gallop as he recites his version of how commercial radio broadcasts directed at the British Isles in the English language began on the continent of Europe before WWII. However, since Rusling has now adopted the outline of a Steve Martin joke whereby a question is raised, but instead of providing the answer, Rusling uses the Steve Martin 'trick' of glossing over the answer which is 'Point Number One', and instead, he rushes ahead with 'Point Number Two' that explains the application of 'Point Number One' that he never explained.
It is best that you listen to this Steve Martin skit yourself, if you have never heard it before, so that you understand the confidence trick that Paul Rusling is trying to pull off in his 'bible'. Steve Martin makes the claim that "You can be a millionaire and never pay taxes." The idea is that you hear that you can be a millionaire, and as far as the paying taxes are concerned, well you reason that you may, or may not pay taxes, but you want to know how you can become a millionaire. With baited breath you await Steve Martin's explanation:
Of course this is a comedy routine, but Paul Rusling is using that same manipulative, but abbreviated form of verbiage to spin his own fanciful tale to paid-up gullible readers. Therefore, I think that this is the point in the Review where I should now insert another reference to a previously published academic work by Gilder and Hagger.
I do so because you might be tempted to simply gloss over it.
Yet this article, which is part of a series of previously published and related monographs, does explain in detail the foundation of both how and why the General Post Office came by its powers of censorship. Without its creation there would never have been a need for extraneous commercial broadcasting services directed towards listeners inside the British Isles.
This article was published in the University of Bucharest Review Vol. XII, no. 2, in 2010 - nine years before Rusling's 'bible', and it is an article that Rusling was well aware of before he rushed ahead to create his plagiarized work. Being an academic and not a commercial work, it of course has a somewhat convoluted title based upon the guidelines set by the editors of the journal: "I Started a Joke. Text, Cotext, Context: The rouge rendering of 'Piracy' as a vexed legal construct over time and place."
Now you know why you never read this academic article before!
But beginning on page 45 of the Journal in which the article appears, the text gets into the original applications of both piracy and copyrights. Then it delves into the story of "book burning" as referenced in Hans Knot's 'Holy Bible'. It appears within its sub-book of 'Acts'; chapter 19, and verse 19. On page 47 in the footnotes section of the journal in which the article appears, there are details of how Benito Mussolini created the Vatican State.
On page 49 and with detailed references in accompanying footnotes, you can read the following paragraph:
"Even though the Holy See was ultimately the motivation for the creation of major universities (see footnote 52) which produced political leadership, the Holy See had documents that it wanted to conceal from scrutiny. But for those who have taken the time to look, they find that the Holy See no longer hides the origins of its bogus temporal authority (see footnote 53). Its political charade began with fraudulent claims derived from the bogus 'Donation of Constantine' when Emperor Constantine was alleged to have given the western half of the Roman Empire to Pope Sylvester I. This mythology lasted for centuries (see footnot 54), and even after its exposure, it was still being claimed by some, which led John Calvin to debunk it again in his 'Institutes' (see footnote 55)."
If you are prepared to read the entire text of that published 2010 article, you will also find companion articles that address related matter in a thoroughly documented manner. But if you are like Paul Rusling, you will yawn and claim that you have no time for research nor for the reading of history books!
So although I have not progressed today beyond page 12 of Rusling's work of theft, confusion and abuse of his commercial readership, I have provided you with the information that you need in order to verify that what you are being told by way of my Review, is the truth as previously documented and verified by means of peer review in academic journals, and then reported on these pages by me.
Please note: Because the worldwide pandemic has begun to encroach on my own normal movements, it may impinge upon my own need to access reference materials from the shelves of our own library. Because of a silly comment already received, I need to clarify that it is not my ability to access library materials that may become a problem, it is because what I consider to be absurd measures that France is now taking, and if they are applied to my location, it is possible that I would not be physically permitted to retrieve books and papers that I may need. At the present time that is still not a problem. However, in future days I may, or may not be able to continue with this Review on a daily basis. As things stand, and as of this writing and this publication today, that is not a problem. Therefore my next blog should appear sometime tomorrow as planned.
We begin by picking-up from where we left-off yesterday on Rusling's page 11.
After referencing RCA, without mentioning Marconi of Chelmsford, in Essex, England, he now wants to tell his readers all about Marconi and its hut in Writtle that became the changing room for a local school's sports' activities. Then, years later, someone 'rescued' that hut after the school had abandoned it, and they moved it inside a protective museum building at the site of a former waterworks in Chelmsford.
According to the Chelmsford Amateur Radio Society, "the famous England footballer Geoff Hurst was one who used it in the 1950s." Another person who used it is Paul Byford. He became well known to the U.K. Radio Investigation Service for his unlicensed transatlantic broadcasting activities.
Because Mr. Byford attended the school which used the hut where he, and a lot of other boys, used to change out of their perspiration-ridden sports' garb; for nostalgic reasons, and being a good tour host, he once took Mervyn Hagger on a tour of the Sanford Mill (Chelmsford) facility to look at that now restored hut. You can see a picture of at:
Paul Rusling would like you to think that he knows all about this same hut which was once used for a broadcasting station in the little village of Writtle just outside Chelmsford. Alas, he does not, and neither does know much about Marconi and its entanglement with a massive worldwide communications project that failed and almost put the company out of business. That did place the company in a vulnerable position during 'The Great War' which was later re-branded as World War I.
It was during that time that American Marconi had control of ship-to-shore radio, and this made the U.S. Navy very nervous. At that time, the UK was viewed in the USA as a military threat, and consequently the activities of American Marconi were brought under the control of the U.S. Navy.
It was after WWI that the 'fun' began because the U.S. Navy did not want to hand the company back to American Marconi. So in partnership with the recently created conglomerate known as the General Electric Company Inc., a subsidiary company of G.E. was created under the name of the Radio Corporation of America, and RCA then gobbled up American Marconi. You can hear all about it on 'The Story of Radio' by Mervyn Hagger that I referred to yesterday. Or, you can read all about the details in numerous articles by Gilder and Hagger at http://foundthreads.com
So let's now turn from Rusling's page 11, to Rusling's page 12 (softback original edition.)
On this page you are supposed to learn all about the creation of the British Broadcasting Company Limited (BBC), by the General Post Office (GPO). But since Rusling does not understand the subject himself, he cannot be expected to tell his paying readers anything of value that they may not already know. He can tell them more in terms of his "radio realm of rubbish", and that he does quite well.
In the second paragraph of his page 12, Rusling delves into the world that occupied the mind of Professor Asa Briggs in writing his 'History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom' ( https://www.amazon.co.uk/History-Broadcasting-United-Kingdom-Birth/dp/0192129260 ). It stretched over many volumes because it included a vast collection of documented footnotes. By comparison, Rusling does not bother with documentation because to do so would reveal his sources as being the plagiarized (and mangled) work of other people taken without permission.
Rusling tries to shrug all this off by claiming on page 5 in his second paragraph of his Introduction that: "It's a story of intrigue and mystery, one that the Caroline team (sic) have had to deliberately mask in places to protect those who didn't want their identities, nor the reasons for the radio station, (sic) to be exposed." This is how Rusling uses deceit to tell his readers that there is one radio station called 'Radio Caroline' and it has a continuing history. In reality Radio Caroline had two stations and it existed from 1964 to 1967, but a lot of pretenders have come along and called their ventures by the same name. They are not related and the Radio Caroline has been dead for decades! But using a claim of camouflage, Rusling tries to excuse himself from the need to document anything that he claims within his work of fiction called 'The Radio Caroline bible'.
This lack of understanding by Paul Rusling about the subject of radio broadcasting history is made manifest when he tries to explain in his second paragraph on page 12 how and why the GPO got involved and which he then links to "The Crown". (sic) This garbled and confused explanation which is central to all that follows, is then spilled over into his next (third) paragraph on this same page.
Because Rusling refuses to study history, Rusling has no idea of what the United Kingdom is, or how it came into existence, or who brought about its creation. Instead, Rusling refers to "The Crown" (sic) as "a mysterious and nebulous body which had different powers depending on the context." (sic) Then Rusling continues with: "The Monarch (sic) is the figurehead of The Crown, (sic) which permits a parliament (sic) to administer day to day affairs of state." (sic)
Ready for more Rusling rambling as he attempts to explain to his readers what obviously does not understand himself? Like it or not, Rusling is going to deliver more of the same, because it is all that he has to use as a confidence trick to deprive readers of money to buy this drivel: "The biggest group of elected members usually form the Government (sic) but The Crown (sic) remains in charge of the monarchy and the government." (sic)
Paul Rusling brings to mind that quotation from the New International Version of 'The Bible' as cited in 1 Timothy 1:7 "They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm."
What a hoot!
Rusling is slain by his own words in a book that he calls the 'bible', and which his pal Hans Knot endorses on its back cover with these words: "It is often said that the Holy Bible belongs in every bookcase; the Radio Caroline bible should be on the bookshelf and read often by every follower of the world's most famous offshore radio station."
What a nerve Rusling and Knot have. They seem to forget these words from Knot's recommended bookcase storage: "Woe to you, teachers of the law .... you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to win a a single convert, and when he becomes one. you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are." (Matthew 23:15; New International Version.)
This is certainly true of the supporters that Malcolm Smith has gathered around his very tiny and unrelated licensed station called 'Radio Caroline'. They are as fierce and as ignorant as any religious cult member, and Hans Knot has definitely linked the idea that Paul Rusling's 'bible' and the book that Hans Knot refers to as the 'Holy Bible' are of equal weight, and both should be lifted off the bookshelf to be studied on a regular basis.
However, quoting again from those two passages referred to by Hans Knot as the 'Holy Bible', it is clear that ".... they do not know what they are talking about ...." and that they are hypocrites who do "travel over land and sea" to win converts by means of their tiny broadcasting emissions and supporting words in print.
But to the facts.
What is 'The Crown' to which Rusling refers, and where do you suppose he partially lifted his partial understanding of his partial self-education from?
His main source is from the writings of Gilder and Hagger which are also Online for all to read free of charge at: http://foundthreads.com - many of which contain detailed footnotes. The article about the 'Interregnum' does explain how and why the GPO was created in the context of events that led to the creation of the United Kingdom. I also draw attention to the radio documentaries made by Hagger and Baskir, some of which are also Online to listen to free of charge at: https://www.mixcloud.com/mervyn-hagger
The entity that Rusling calls 'The Crown' is known in legal parlance as a corporation sole. There many entities of this type but the British version has a rather convoluted and mangled history based upon a fraud known as the 'Donation of Constantine'. The British, or rather the English version, began with King Henry VIII who in turn got it from the Papacy in Rome.
Henry VIII ruled according to the mythology whereby Roman Emperor Constantine (who has connections to York in England), supposedly bequeathed the Western half of his Roman Empire to Pope Sylvester. This allowed the Pope to wear two hats: one 'spiritual' (representing his church), and the other 'temporal' representing "his half" of the Roman Empire.
When Henry VIII did his split with Rome, he took with him this same contrived legal fraud, and that is what has been extended to the Kingdom Scotland and to the Kingdom of Ireland which are now rolled up and into the United Kingdom. That of course is sans most of Ireland, because the majority of its people had the sense to get rid of the British Crown corporation sole.
However, in-between the "then" and "now" times of Henry VIII came a series of civil wars engulfing England; Scotland and Ireland. Out of that came first a republic in England, then a forced marriage of Scotland into that same republic, but it did not last.
In 1660 a series of coup d'états began with General George Monck and his army from Coldstream, Scotland. It was Monck who put King Charles II on the throne in 1660 and began a new monarchy (although his successor James II was also overthrown by an invasion from Hans Knot's Holland.)
In order to shut everyone up by placing the populace under fear of arrest and all that comes with a charge of treason, General Monck and his lap-dog king created a General Post Office with monopoly powers to censor communications. That is how they censored the mails. Then by claiming that every new invention from the telegraph to the telephone had to go through some form of central clearance center, their rigged courts decided to brand each one of them as a form of 'post office', and that of course placed them under the control of the GPO.
You won't find any of that in Rusling's 'bible' because Rusling with his endorser Mr Knot are part of that team branded by Mr. Knot's 'Holy Bible' as "teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm."
More in the next part of this Review of Rusling's 'bible'.
If someone sets themselves up to be a teacher, you would expect that person to understand the subject that they are claiming the ability to teach someone else.
Not so with Paul Rusling. Having already declared that he hates reading history books and that he dislikes doing research, he has opted for a condensed form of plagiarism. But to condense information it is necessary to understand what you are condensing. Not so with Paul Rusling.
The trouble with this self-appointed teacher is that he was a very poor pupil in the subject matter that he has set out to teach other people. In plain language, Paul Rusling does not know what he is writing about and consequently he has no way of verifying that what he is writing is true, or even that it makes literal sense!
There is a lot of controversy that swirls around the character of Nathan Subblefield, who Paul Rusling refers to on page 10 of his 'bible'. But typical of the way in which Rusling writes, he gets one bit of information mixed-up with another bit of information and hey presto! - Rusling has created yet another misleading bit of nonsense.
Nathan was born on November 22, 1860, and after tinkering around in the fields of Kentucky as a "truck farmer", he began experimenting with his telephone. Nathan Stubblefield experimented with the idea of transmitting point-to-point communications across his fields by wireless telephony.
Nathan's story first sprang to life on January 12, 1902 as a big feature on page 35 of the St Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper. Then, on March 20, 1902, it is alleged that Nathan transmitted both voice and music from a steamer anchored on the Potomac River about a third of a mile from shore at Washington, D.C. But there are a lot of unanswered and scientific questions with a corresponding lack of documented answers about what Nathan did, and how Nathan claimed to have achieved it.
Now let's have a look at what Paul Rusling writes about Nathan Stubblefield without reference to any documentation at all: "In the 1890s, Nathan Stubblefield had demonstrated broadcasting voice and music from a boat on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. No recordings survive but the event was widely publicised in newspapers of the day." (sic)
Clearly Paul Rusling does not depend upon factual reporting as the basis for his text, because that event is alleged to have taken place in 1902, not in the 1890s as he claims. But does it matter whether Paul Rusling is accurate with his dates and information?
Well, since his 'bible' is supposed to be a work of fact, and not fiction, it would seem that a confidence trick is being played out on the paying readers of his 'bible'. His readers must surely believe that what they have bought is a factual account, and not a work of fiction.
However, it is apparent that in instance after instance, Rusling not only uses poor grammar and allows typographical errors to remain uncorrected, but his storytelling is mostly based upon fable, and that fable is geared to selling his readers a series of nonsensical lies. In total, these lies are in fact commercial propaganda in support of a tiny U.K. licensed radio station controlled by his friend Malcolm Smith who has called his station 'Radio Caroline'.
Since Rusling is so concerned with transmitters, he might have spent some time telling his readers about the fanciful way in which Nathan Stubblefield claimed to be 'transmitting'. Let's review what the St Louis Post-Dispatch published on page 35 of its edition for January 12, 1902: "At the public test of wireless telephone held in Murray, Ky., Mr. Stubblefield placed his transmitter in the courthouse square, and ran two wires from it into the ground. He established five 'listening' stations in various parts of the town, the furthest six blocks distant from the transmitter. Then Mr. Stubblefield's son took his place at the transmitter .... simultaneously everyone at the receivers heard him with remarkable distinctness."
What exactly Nathan Stubblefield did that day, and how Nathan Stubblefield did it, is open to question. But what is certain from this newspaper account, is that this event took place before the event on the steamer, and that both events took place in the year 1902. Rusling claims that the steamer event took place in the 1890s.
So what if Rusling got his years mixed-up? Well, what if he gets his 'facts' mixed-up in addition to his dates? It seems that we are drifting very close to a work of fiction. However, none of the above is intended to ridicule Nathan Stubblefield or his early experiments; it is intended to place Rusling's content within the context of his (lack of) factual reporting.
In 1986, Mervyn Hagger, under the pen name of John England, recorded a documentary program called 'The Story of Radio'. It was distributed to attendees of a KRQX-AM and KZEW-FM 'live' concert in the Dallas and Fort Worth Metroplex of Texas. That broadcast acknowledges the part played by Nathan Stubblefield in the development of radio broadcasting.
The recording was made in two parts, and it is still available on line at:
A caveat is proffered: At the time that the recording was made, a reference was drawn from the autobiography of David Sarnoff who became the guiding force behind the creation of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA). Sarnoff claimed that he had personally intercepted the radio distress calls sent by the RMS Titantic. This has now been established to be untrue.
On page 11, Rusling tries to inform his readers about the creation of the RCA, but it is clear that Rusling does not know why this entity was created or who created it and under what circumstances it was created. Rusling claimed that it was the result of: "the American government removing many of the restrictions on radio in 1919."
However, the background story to the creation of RCA is the background story to the creation of the British Broadcasting Company Limited in 1922, and the entangled claims to copyrights in the United Kingdom that gave rise to Phonographic Performances Limited and 'needle-time'. Rusling on the other hand simply blunders ahead with these words: "Many component manufacturers joined a 'talent pool' called RCA, ostensibly to share new technology, but in practice this became one of the largest group manufacturing companies in the business."
So what was RCA and why was it so important?
Rusling does not tell his readers, but if readers want to know the story in detail as told according to academic standards, they would do well to refer to the abundant material on the subject that has been authored by Gilder and Hagger and which is available free of charge and on line at http://foundthreads.com/
In brief, RCA was the result of a forced buy-out of American Marconi by the General Electric Company of America. American Marconi with its parent company in Chelmsford, Essex in England, was forced to sell out to G.E. of America at a time when the U.S. Navy was looking with suspicion on the Royal Navy as a potential enemy protagonist.
What Rusling refers to as a 'talent pool' was in fact a cross-licensing system of patent exchanges by other electrical manufacturers who then became shareholders in a gigantic Trust that the U.S. Congress eventually took aim at. But there is no way to understand the creation of the original BBC or the British record cartel created initially by RCA under the banner of Electric and Musical Industries (EMI), without first learning all about the GE-RCA Trust.
Rusling continues with his blind essay leading his readers into the ditch of confusion on his next page, and I shall address that in tomorrow's blog.
Some have written to me wondering why I am so long-winded in explaining details related to this Review. Well, let's say if I followed the lead of Paul Rusling - I would be accused of "he said"; "she said" without any way of knowing who is telling the truth.
Therefore I will fulfill the promise that I made to you yesterday concerning the comment that begins at the bottom of page 9 of Rusling's 'bible', and continues on to his page 10 (original softback edition.)
Paul Rusling referred to the General Post Office with these words:
"The General Post Office decided to block any expansion of the embryonic broadcasting service. The GPO had been established in the 17th century and was the government tool used to censor all types of communications, whether sent by mail or broadcast."
Since Paul Rusling does not read history books or perform original research (he admitted), then where did his information come from about the history of the GPO?
The quick answer is that his information came from this Online video which you can watch at: http://radiocaroline.info - or you can read the slides taken from that video (reading from left to right, and then follow them on the next line beginning with the left side, and so on.).
This video called 'Yesterday Never Happened: Dial 999 for Caroline', was made by the same team that Paul Rusling used a source for his plagiarized text. If you would like to read more about this subject, please visit this 2015 academic article that was authored by Gilder and Hagger and later published as a copyright work.
It is called: The British Interregnum: a yesterday that never happened.
Its abstract follows: Three hundred years before George Orwell wrote his 1949 novel Nineteen Eighty Four, Seventeenth Century events referred to as the 'Interregnum', could have served as one source for his inspiration.
Several themes run through Orwell's musings, and one pertains to the compilation of a dictionary scheduled for publication by the year 2050. The purpose of Orwell's lexicon is to document the finality of a process achieved through 'extirpation by redaction'.
By intentionally reversing common definitions of specific words, and then interjecting those alternative renditions into common usage, they eventually lose their original meanings, and those words can be then be removed from the dictionary. Orwell explained that it is part of a process to control human memory: "You are unable to remember real events and you persuade yourself that you remember other events which never happened."
Today, each time the word 'Interregnum' is substituted for events which took place between the years 1649 to 1660, the process of 'extirpation by redaction' is being employed.
Here is its Online location: http://foundthreads.com/03.html
This Review of the Rusling 'bible' will continue tomorrow.
At the bottom of page 9 and continuing on to page 10 is a very interesting statement, because without any introduction, Paul Rusling begins to talk about the General Post Office. He wrote these words:
"The General Post Office decided to block any expansion of the embryonic broadcasting service. The GPO had been established in the 17th century and was the government tool used to censor all types of communications, whether sent by mail or broadcast."
Since Paul Rusling does not cite sources due to his 'smash and grab' approach of plagiarizing without foreknowledge of what he is stealing, it might be interesting for readers to learn how these words about the General Post Office (GPO), came to be in his 'bible'. Remember, Paul Rusling does not read history books (he says), and he does not like research (he says), so how did he come by such obscure information that the GPO was formed back in the 1700s as an agency of censorship?
Well Paul Rusling used to be on a closed mailing list and he had been receiving a copyright email publication called the 'Caroline Investigation'. It was authored by Mervyn Hagger with Genie Baskir and Eric Guilder. This information was contained in that publication and it also appears in a video which is still on line. There is a link to it at the end of today's blog!
Because the newsletter was an electronic publication in circulation to a rather large but regulated mailing list, it was of course a copyrighted publication. That did not trouble Paul Rusling! This was in fact Rusling's first port of call in stealing the work of other people for his 'bible'.
Secondly, Rusling sent many email questions to the authors about the subject matter in various editions of the copyrighted publication called the 'Caroline Investigation'. Then Rusling took that which was not his to take, without understanding what he was taking, and he then created his absurdly titled 'bible'.
Rusling was not the first to steal from this 'Caroline Investigation' newsletter and then rush off to create his own book. Another person on the mailing list was Brian Lister. He released a book with the eponymous title of 'Pirate Gold' - because it offered a wealth of golden information for would-be thieves, or pirates. Lister even had the nerve to ask Mervyn Hagger to review his work prior to publication.
However, Rusling was more ambitious in his theft than Lister. When the research team of Gilder, Hagger and Baskir began to build a second research library, Rusling visited it more than once; but he admitted that he had no time for books - especially history books, and he certainly had no time to do research. Rusling's preferred methodology for collecting data, is theft.
At the time of his visits, Rusling was a disappointed man who had been previously trying to get a pedophile with money to finance his "Party Boat" project, but that was not going too well for him. Quite a number of people who have associated themselves with the subject of offshore broadcasting to Britain have been hauled into court rooms and charged with various crimes associated with the subject of pedophilia. It is a form of activity that is akin to slave master activity. Pedophiles target their captive victims with abuse because, their victims lack the physical and/or mental ability to resist demands made upon their bodies for the self-gratification of the brutes who are abusing them.
In his supposedly comprehensive 'bible', Rusling does not delve into this subject at all. Instead, Rusling brushes it off as being an uncalled for subject that sullies the subject of his cult 'bible'. But the cult which he serves and which is made manifest at the end of his 'bible', is like many religious cults: it is wrapped in secrecy because it is mired in various forms of criminal activity.
The ship on the cover of Rusling's 'bible' is known as 'Ross Revenge' and it has absolutely no connection to Radio Caroline which existed from 1964 to 1967. The "Supporters" (as they call themselves) who created a series of radio stations on board that ship after 1980, adopted the name of 'Radio Caroline' for their operations. But to repeat, they used a name that had no association with the original twin stations that were known as Radio Caroline which existed between 1964 and 1967.
This latter-day eponymous operation was initially managed by a confidence trickster in the USA whose massive fraud resulted in what has become euphemistically known as the 'Radio Caroline Criminal Case'. It is properly identified as "United States of America v. James Ryan" and filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Ryan was charged with 18 U.S.C. s.1623 (Perjury to grand jury - 3 Counts); 18 U.S.C. s.1341 (Mail fraud - 6 Counts); 18 U.S.C s.1343 (Wire fraud - 3 Counts).
The background of this criminal activity eventually resulted in a criminal court case in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that was filed on October 5, 1983. It involved criminal activity in Massachusetts; New York; Nevada, and it even tried to embroil the character known as 'Wolfman Jack' who was represented in California, into this sordid mess. It was because of the Interstate nature of this case that the USA Justice Department and its Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), became involved.
While Paul Rusling refers repeatedly to James Ryan in his 'bible' he avoids any indication or implication of his own complicity with James Ryan in other matters. In fact you won't get the real story about James Ryan from Paul Rusling. For that you will need to turn to Offshore Echos magazine who have reproduced the court papers! However, he chose to do so, Rusling has quite a tale to tell, because he knew Ryan and Rusling claimed that he had stayed in Ryan's home during one of his many attempts to raise money by dubious means for radio projects that have splashed into the news from time to time. When it comes to other peoples' property and other peoples' money, Rusling figures that what's yours is his for the taking, and what's his, is his alone.
The criminal project that obtained the ship that is on the cover of Rusling's 'bible' is called 'Ross Revenge'. It was originally going to be renames 'Imagine' after the eponymous John Lennon song. But because of Ryan's criminal court case, the 'Ross Revenge' was furtively taken to sea from Spain, without going through formal procedures of registration.
In England, its lack of registration led some "Supporters" to break-away from the core "Supporters", and they began making inquiries to what they were being asked to help finance. This followed in the wake of the Philadelphia court case which had deprived the original project of its funding by criminal means. These breakaway "Supporters" are the people that Rusling repeatedly calls "busybodies" on page 412 of his 'bible.
These "busybodies" were two individuals named John Burch and Christopher England. From London they contacted Mervyn Hagger in Texas to investigate the registration of the 'Ross Revenge, which was supposedly registered in the nation of Panama. Beginning on page 412 and continuing on through page 413 of his 'bible'; Rusling attempts to spin his own tale to his blinkered readers about Panama's "breakaway representatives in Houston, Texas". Nothing could be further from the truth, but since Rusling's 'bible' is a book based upon deceit, this is not unusual.
The "busybodies" ("Supporters") infuriated Ronan O'Rahilly who had become entangled with this new criminal project. O'Rahilly demanded of Burch to explain who this person named Hagger is and why he was investigating the 'Ross Revenge'. Burch recorded all of this in his booklet publication for the "Caroline" "Supporters".
The reason why Mervyn Hagger in Texas was able to supply information to these "busybody" "Supporters" in London, England, is because Mervyn Hagger had a long history with the team of Eric Gilder and Genie Baskir who in 1980 came together after individually taking an interest in the history of offshore broadcasting. Gilder had written a thesis at university on the subject, and both Hagger and Baskir had worked with Don Pierson who created Radio London; Radio England and Britain Radio.
All manner of nonsense had been written and recorded about Don Pierson and his offshore stations. This included the release of a tape by Steve England who admitted in a later version that no one really knew anything until Mervyn Hagger began publishing and broadcasting the actual story. You can read the details Online at:
http://www.wonderfulradiolondon.info/ and you can hear broadcasts by Mervyn Hagger with Don Pierson at:
Steve England's tape (in which Johnnie Walker got away with inventing an apocryphal story about Don Pierson's mother), has a later edition on which Steve England admits that Mervyn Hagger had subsequently revealed details that no else knew. This tape has been recently obtained from Ebay, and it is now being digitally remastered for release on Online in the near future. But back to Rusling's claim on page 413 about "breakaway representatives in Houston, Texas". Rusling wrote:
"The Panamanian authority revealed that the original ships (sic) registration had not been completed satifactory. (sic)"
After his attack using poor grammar, Rusling continued:
"In fact it appeared to have been issued by a breakaway representatives (sic) in Houston, Texas, although the ship's owner maintained that it had been taken out in good faith." That structurally weird sentence by Paul Rusling is untrue on two counts:
1) In conversations by phone and in writing with Panamanian authorities in New York, and in Panama City, Panama; Mervyn Hagger was asked by the Panamanian government which had taken over from the deposed dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno, to investigate a fraudulent operation run by two lesbians and a male in Houston, Texas. It was the sexual relationship between these persons that made their secretive but criminal activities possible, and not the fact that they were merely two women and a man who happened to be working together.
In the wake of the power vacuum following the overthrow of Noriega by the USA military, the various tentacles of Noriega's regime involving drug smuggling and related criminal activities, had been severed from their central control. The research group with which Mervyn Hagger is connected, had paid several thousands of US Dollars to Allan Weiner who claimed to be the rightful owner of another radio ship called 'Sarah'. He wasn't. But his involvement looped back through a disc jockey on board 'Ross Revenge' named John Ford, whose real surname is Hungerford.
It was as a result of untangling the Weiner mess that all manner of previously secret UK government information fell into the laps of the Hagger-Gilder-Baskir research group. This included a document made by James Murphy on behalf of the UK government for the USA government concerning Weiner and Roy Bates' absurd claim about his 'Principality of Sealand'.
So extensive was this research that the FCC lawyer turned over to Baskir the entire Weiner case file (in which the Murphy document was found), and as a result, James Murphy called Hagger twice by phone. Murphy was supported by related phone calls from Barry Maxwell, head of the UK Radio Investigation Service.
The bogus Panamanian "Consulate" in Houston, Texas had not only issued a fake registry for a yacht called 'Ross Revenge'; it had issued bogus registrations for cargo ships and oil tankers plying the waters of the world! The insurance liability factors created by this fraud ran into the billions of U.S. Dollars. So everyone wanted to deal with this matter as quickly and as quietly as possible!
2) Regarding the "owners" of the 'Ross Revenge' who had obtained this bogus registration: who were they? Following the leads backwards from the tangled criminal court case in Philadelphia they ended up in a potential 'soup' of persons who had been swindled and therefore had claims against the ship. That mess would take years to unravel, but in the end, after heavy legal expenses, what would the claimants have gained?
Minus legal expenses, what would be left to divide once the 'Ross Revenge' was sold? Who would pay for the expense of going to sea and grabbing the vessel? That is what the "Supporters" that Rusling refers to on page 412, were hoping to achieve all by themselves. Of course, had they succeeded it would only have complicated an existing international problem. But in the end what was there to gain financially? Nothing. On the other hand, these same "Breakaway Supporters" did alarm the core "Supporters" and it caused them to try to physically hold on to the ship that was in their possession.
What a tangled and sordid story this is. No wonder Paul Rusling does not want to tell the true story. But his main purpose in creating his work by theft and by misinformation is really found at the end of this book. It is to create a new and untruthful story that the slogan 'Caroline continues' depends. But Caroline does not continue, it died on August 14, 1967.
At the beginning of today's portion of this Review, I began to tell you about the GPO and why and how Rusling came to make his claim. I will explain both why and how Rusling begin his brief account of the GPO on page 9, which then continues on into page 10 of his 'bible'. It begins with his plagiarized theft.
For a more entertaining answer I refer you to a video which has now been available Online for some time. I will discuss its focus, the one raised by Rusling, in tomorrow's analysis of the Rusling 'bible'. In the meantime you should watch and listen to this video:
Yesterday, in my review, I referred back to "a single paragraph in a 2002 book of 368 pages called 'Radio Man: the remarkable rise and fall of C.O. Stanley (IEE History of Technology Series, 30): The Remarkable Rise and Fall of C.O.Stanley (History and Management of Technology)'."
Because of the never-ending negative comments that are constantly being hurled at the group of researchers that I am associating with (which falsely accuses them of never having written or published any work in newspapers; magazines; academia; radio or television - which of course is totally untrue and proven by evidence relating to much of that work which is still available on line), it is apparent that these critics do not perform any research themselves.
That is why the critics love Paul Rusling who is the epitome of lazy writing; plagiarism and total disinterest in time-consuming and expensive research. His methodology depends upon theft.
Because Paul Rusling made it known to the research group I am working with that he hates reading 'history books' and performing original research himself because he finds it "boring" - he takes the works of others and then claims it for himself. The trouble for Paul Rusling is that he has no way of knowing at what stage of research the original researchers are confident that they have documented the actual story; or whether they are still speculating and are using the police methodology of solving 'cold case' crimes by working off a hypothesis, to see if the pieces fit. When they don't fit you discard that hypothesis and begin anew. This is where the practice of 'mind-mapping' becomes a useful tool.
Consequently Paul Rusling has picked up both fact and hypotheses in his 'smash and grab' work of plagiarism. On page 54 of his 'bible', Rusling lifts material from 'Radio Man' without accrediting the source of his plagiarism. But in his accompanying commentary about the start of Radio Atlanta he writes that "part of the funding has now been confirmed by former Pye employees as Charles Orr Stanley, their Chairman."
The problem with Rusling's statement is that it is without foundation in fact. There is nothing to support it. Nothing. No "former Pye employees" have ever admitted to anything approaching that statement! Rusling's excuse is to turn around and blame the group I am associating with for not divulging to him their entire research - so he could steal it! What a nerve this man has.
What Rusling became aware of was an obscure statement in 'Radio Man' that began a long and expensive search for the reason why it appeared as a single paragraph in that book. Rusling was not a part of that research and he does not seem to understand what exactly was uncovered!
The totally confused mess that Rusling creates on pages 51 through 56 about the financing of both Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline is also unbelievable: because it is not believable - since it is not true!
Beginning on page 51, Paul Rusling pretends to be educating his readers about the Ross Family and then Charles Orr Stanley. But in reality, Rusling hasn't the slightest clue what he is writing about. He has 'grabbed' various bits of information and hammered a lot of square pegs into a lot of round holes and done damage to a lot of 'pegs' in the process.
Those 'pegs' are the names of people he has tried to link together to create his totally bogus narrative. Rusling hasn't a clue about the subject matter he is attempting to write about based on stolen research - because he had not seen all of the research and because he did not know what the final results were of various working hypotheses.
For a plagiarist that is a disaster, and Rusling is the worst kind of plagiarist: he has no credibility whatsoever! So in his own defense, Rusling then turns around and accuses his accusers of the same thing! But neither reality nor truth are on Rusling's side - as this Review will prove.
I will comment more about both Stanley and Ross when this Review catches up with those pages. In the meantime, and in the interests of keeping all comments about the book 'Radio Man' in one place, and because Rusling refers to the contents of this book in his plagiarized, but censored work of theft, I am reproducing the review of that book at this point in my Review.
The following review of 'Radio Man' was originally published on December 5, 2013, and it is still available to read on line at: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Radio-Man-remarkable-Technology-Stanley-ebook/dp/B00CDNYF58
Please note that while the link above refers to an "ebook", the edition reviewed is a hardback edition. Here is that review as it appears on the Amazon.co.uk web page:
2.0 out of 5 stars A MISLEADING BOOK!
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 5 December 2013
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
I need to revise my review yet again, because I have now discovered that one very important part of this book that deals with the subject of the introduction of both commercial television and radio into the British Isles has been presented in such a way that it misleads the reader into accepting a false version of events.
It was not until my associate found the transcribed notes of a key interview produced for this book, that I realized that the writers (Frankland and Busey) had not done their own research, but had relied upon what they were presented with. As a result they produced a very misleading work.
In the instance of the section dealing with the Isle of Man and the creation of the offshore station Radio Caroline, information was redacted to remove the source of the original information, and then that information was further redacted to conceal both the name of an individual and the name of a company, while misleading the reader by changing the words of the interviewee.
I have discovered that this book cost over £92,000 using the funds of a British registered foundation and administered by the person conducting the core research about which I am complaining.. I am now wondering what the ulterior motive was in producing the book.
Did its promoter fear that the truth would one day emerge unless this particular book was produced first to mislead academic researchers?
This book has been cited by Adrian Johns in his equally misleading book called 'Death of a Pirate' which also contains bogus information that even casual research can immediately disprove.
We need a proper biography about Charles Orr Stanley and his son John, but this is not that book. I give it two stars for alerting me to the fact that there is a concealed and bogus widespread history about Radio Caroline that is in general circulation.
The story of PYE and the stories about radio broadcasting on the Isle of Man as well as the advent of British offshore radio in 1964 are all part of one story, but that story is not told in this book.
Finally, I must add that it was after a three year search for the original source material for this book under circumstances made intentionally difficult by the repository holding them, that by sheer luck and chance, or serendipity, my colleague found the 'smoking gun' that blew the lid off this deception.
After tracking down the family of the deceased source, we were informed by his daughter that he was never shown a copy of this book, and his loaned artifacts were never returned to him. As a result of these findings I have therefore downgraded my rating for this book.
My next microscopic examination also comes from page 9 of a soft back or cover (trade) edition of this book. As "Scottg" pointed out in a recent comment (see the Comments Section), and someone else pointed out in the Comments Section when I first began this Review; there seem to be several editions of this book that are in circulation due to its print-on-demand and self-publishing status.
Therefore it should be noted that all references by me to either the covers, or to the internal text, are related to the soft backed covers version of the copy that I am reviewing.
If your text location differs from my own, that is the reason for the difference.
While it should not be too difficult to match the text and pagination in your edition, if changes have been made to the text that you are reading, so that it differs from the text that I am reviewing, please add your comments with very specific details of what these changes are, and where in the book they occur. (Page, paragraph, line, etc.)
Yesterday in my continuing review I referred to Oliver Lodge. I am returning to that paragraph relating to Oliver Lodge again today, and that is because of the reference made in the Rusling book to the 1889 Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) which Rusling noted as being "a learned society for budding electricians."
I am not sure that the IEE would have agreed with Rusling's description, but be that as it may, the IEE no longer exists. However, its demise was in fairly recent times, although I use that term of reference in a very liberal manner. But the reason I am referring to the IEE at all is because it was something that the IEE caused to happen in 2014 that eventually led to this 2019 book by Rusling which was itself plagiarized from material taken from other researchers that I am associated with.
It has also been suggested by more than one person in more than one place on the Internet, but all having a common "gotcha" motive, that only one person is behind this opposition to the work of Paul Rusling, and I am that person: not so! I am performing this review as part of a group activity, and that group has a core of three individuals who have worked together on the subject of researching and writing an account of how and when and by whom and why, offshore broadcasting began in 1964 under the call sign of 'Radio Caroline'.
Back on Saturday, October 25, 2014 a lecture was scheduled by the Communications Museum in Burntisland (Scotland). That is where this same topic would be discussed as part of the imminent publication of a book to be called 'YesterAir': A footnote to that event is preserved Online at http://foundthreads.com/08.html
That footnote refers to a monograph that was published in 2009 by Editura Universităţii de Vest Timişoara in Romania. The article is in English and it is titled "Puppets on Strings: How American Mass Media Manipulated British Commercial radio Broadcasting." It is primarily about the creation in 1964 of 'Radio Caroline'. The article was penned by two of the three core members mentioned above, with contributing references to others who assisted in its creation.
This 2009 document was one of a series of books and articles published within academia since 2000 that related to the related research work undertaken by three core team members mentioned above. That academic work of research, writing and publication has continued to the present day.
But shortly before October 25, 2014 when the Burntisland speech was due to be delivered, something rather dramatic occurred: the prepared speech was thrown into extreme doubt as a result of casually coming across a single paragraph in a 2002 book of 368 pages called "Radio Man: the remarkable rise and fall of C.O. Stanley (IEE History of Technology Series, 30): The Remarkable Rise and Fall of C.O.Stanley (History and Management of Technology)"
Rather than explain the problems that this created I will refer you to the book review on Amazon that is dated December 5, 2013. Now if you are wondering why the scheduled speaker on October 25, 2014 remained in a state of "not knowing" after first reading this IEE book back in the closing days of 2013, you can read the review for yourself at:
This is the same IEE that Paul Rusling is referring to in his "bible"!
It was as a result of reading that book and then a later book by Adrian Johns (see the Amazon review), that this research group went back to the drawing board, and then it began its work again - after both explaining to, and apologizing to, the assembled members at Burntisland. This has also involved enduring endless attacks by a lot of people - not just the people who are working with Paul Rusling - who do not wish to see this work completed.
It has cost a lot of money and a lot of time and so the research group reached out to expand its informal membership. That reaching out resulted in the production of a newsletter that went to a lot of people - including Paul Rusling who made two visits to meet with a member of the research group on the pretext of assisting its work. In reality his only objective was to grab what he could and publish it under the title of his "bible".
I suggest that you read the Amazon review and note its time-stamp. That review will also explain how the work of not just the IEE was compromised, but how the Bradford branch of the Science Museum in London which held the PYE archives that the group was trying to research, made life very difficult indeed. The leg work for that research was undertaken in cooperation with a person who has a parallel interest in offshore radio research, but without receiving his prior permission I will not name in this blog. However, although it took a long time to discover, that person did find the original document that the group was looking for which revealed that a massive cover-up of the entire offshore radio and television history has taken place.
Because this story is the icing on the cake of a huge geopolitical story involving several governments and war. Uncover one part and you uncover links to another part - if you are uncovering the right parts. If you are following deliberately misleading information you will never come across this story.
Later this year the research group will publish its findings.
My purpose right now is to explain what is really behind this book called a "bible"; how it came to be; why it came to be, and how inaccurate its text is and why it has a hidden agenda to act as a commercial "prop" for a small group who have a British broadcasting licence. The Rusling book is part of their tool kit that promotes the myth (lie) that "Caroline continues".
Radio Caroline came on the air in 1964 and it was terminated officially on August 14, 1967, and unofficially it ended in March 1968: never to return to the airwaves.
I plan to continue with my page-by-page review tomorrow.
It is at this point in Paul Rusling's book that his reliance upon stolen intellectual property begins to manifest itself as a work of plagiarism, but it is an instance where the thief does not understand what he has stolen.
Rusling is similar in some ways to a thief who hurls a brick through a jewelry shop window in a smash and grab raid: but he does not know the value of anything that he is stealing. Consequently the thief ends up with a tiara; some diamonds, and a lot of costume jewelry and does not know their differences in value.
Continuing on page 8, Rusling attempts to teach his readers about the birth of wireless communications (which became applied to, and known as, radio broadcasting.) In this regard and at the top of his page 9, Rusling refers to the grandson of Oliver Lodge whose first name is Tom.
On November 5, 2010, a book called "The Ship That Rocked the World" by Tom Lodge was published with ISBN 9780910155823. That book is described by blurb at Google Books with these words:
"Ronan O'Rahilly, a young, revolutionary-minded Irishman with an insatiable desire to poke the establishment in the eye, launched his pirate radio station off the coast in the spring of 1964. .... After merging with its rival .... Eventually, the government was able to shut down Radio Caroline and the other pirate ships. Nothing that amazing can last forever."
The problem with that description and Rusling's citing of that book is that Ronan O'Rahilly did not "launch" Radio Caroline in 1964, even though Tom Lodge continued that mythology in his book. Rusling accepts Lodge's false premise and then Rusling continues with that same mythology in his "bible".
The next claim regarding Lodge's book that Radio Caroline "merged with its rival", is also false because it did no such thing. There never was a "merger" because Radio Caroline was created to make Radio Atlanta possible, and then it was decided in Liechtenstein to use one name to market both of the ship stations: but neither station operated under a company registered as 'Radio Caroline'.
Radio Caroline was the spin-off of Radio Atlanta because Radio Atlanta wanted to use a leased ship with CIA connections. However, its owners in Texas would not permit their ship to be used by Radio Atlanta - until a test had been made of the UK enforcement laws - by using another ship. Those laws concerned the practice of ships "hovering" off its coastline. I will be dealing with that issue in greater depth later in this Review, so I won't go into it here. The second ship, the vessel used to test those laws, was the renamed motor vessel 'Caroline'. The first ship had recently been renamed 'Mi Amigo'.
However, Rusling never researched that bit of history, which is one of the 'keys' to unlocking an understanding of this entire story, because Rusling has boasted that he hates research and history books. His preferred methodology is to steal the works of others. These are works that he does not understand. Nowhere is that more apparent than in this line from the same Google Books' brief description of the Tom Lodge book:
"Eventually, the government was able to shut down Radio Caroline and the other pirate ships. Nothing that amazing can last forever."
Now there does seem to be a contradiction here.
On page 8 of Rusling's "bible" it states that: "Radio Caroline has broadcast to the UK for over 55 years ...."
But the action taken by the UK government and referred to in the paragraph quote above from the blurb describing the book by Tom Lodge, states that: "Eventually, the government was able to shut down Radio Caroline and the other pirate ships. Nothing that amazing can last forever."
So all we have to do is discover when the UK took that action.
The answer is August 14, 1967.
Now the time period between 1964 when Radio Caroline began, and 1967 when it ended, is not "over 55 years" as claimed by Paul Rusling.
Some will point to the fact that the two ships from which Radio Caroline broadcast were in fact towed away in March 1968, and then they will claim that this is when the broadcasts of Radio Caroline ceased.
However, the transmissions from the two ships that continued past August 14, 1967 into March 1968, were not broadcasts by the same people who began Radio Caroline. Even if we are generous with our time frame and incorporate this extension of time, it still does not add up to "over 55 years". This poses the question of why is Paul Rusling trying to promote an idea that is obviously fictitious?
The answer is that Paul Rusling created his 'bible' to not only promote a myth, but to perpetuate a fraud on the public that any transmission using the call sign of 'Radio Caroline' is in some way linked to the real Radio Caroline that existed from 1964 to 1967. Later in his 'bible' Rusling not only reveals his motive, but he also reveals his partnership with a co-conspirator who has a financial interest in seeing that this mythology is promoted.
No one seems to be concerned with how this fraud has been undertaken by means of Rusling's work of "smash and grab" plagiarism. But would the creators of a new fraud be concerned with the fraud necessary to both create it, and then to perpetuate it?
Fraud is exactly what is behind the purpose of this book by Paul Rusling.
Incidentally, my own claim that Rusling's work is both a fraud and a work of plagiarism is supported by both the written admissions and recorded actions of Paul Rusling which I have had access to for the purpose of writing this review of his "bible".
Later in his 'bible', it is Paul Rusling who reveals the larger fraud in his own words!
The opening line is fictitious!
"Radio Caroline has broadcast to the UK for over 55 years ..."
The author then compounds this falsehood with these words:
"...Radio Caroline has been around for over half the lifetime of radio."
The reason for making this false statement at the beginning of the book reveals the purpose of the book:
It is to create the false impression that in 2019 when this book was first self-published, a tiny land-based station located in a corner of England had become the successor-in-interest to Radio Caroline which began broadcasting in 1964; officially terminated broadcasts in 1967, but limped-on unofficially until March 1968.
In that month both of its two ship bases were towed away.
The mv Caroline was then sent to the scrap yard.
The proof readers are named on page 6 as being Hans Knot and 'Peter Moore' which is a name used by Malcolm Smith. I can understand why Malcolm would not want to associate himself with proof reading this work because this work seems to lack any sense that the text has been proof read. As for Hans Knot, well this is a work in the English language which is not the mother tongue of Hans Knot.
Now earlier in the text on page 5 the author says that: "Most of the story has been written or checked by those who were there." That is a strange statement because none of the people listed in the Acknowledgements were people who had any connection with the creation of Radio Caroline in 1964.
In an effort to cover his tracks, the author then cites several entities in such a generic manner that it would just as easy to thank all public information sources wherever they are located and whatever they have to offer.
However, this book is claimed as being the work of Paul Rusling whose name is on the covers, rather than being "written or checked by those who were there." Who are "those who were there"?
They are not named here on page 6.
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